Epithelantha F.A.C.Weber ex Britton & Rose
  • Cactaceae 3: 92. 1922.
  • Button cactus, ping-pong ball cactus [Greek epi, upon, thele, nipple, and anthos, flower, describing flower position near tubercle apex]

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2023): Epithelantha F.A.C.Weber ex Britton & Rose. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000013650. Accessed on: 30 Mar 2023'

General Information

Plants miniature, erect, usually unbranched [branched], not deep-seated in substrate. Roots diffuse [tuberlike in E. pachyrhiza of Mexico]. Stems unsegmented, mostly spheric, often flat-topped, 1-4(-6) × 2-4(-6) cm, surface completely obscured by spines; tubercles numerous, not confluent into ribs, hemispheric or short cylindric, very small, ca. 1-3 mm; areoles at tips of tubercles, nearly circular, elliptic when distended by flower or fruit, copiously woolly only at sexually mature stem apex; areolar glands absent; cortex and pith not mucilaginous. Spines 20-90 per areole, in 1-5 series, appressed on sides of stems, erect at sexually mature stem apex, white to ashy gray, straight, terete, slender, innocuous, 4.5-12 mm at sexually mature stem apex, often shorter from breakage or wear, smooth or microscopically roughened by breakup of epidermis, not distinguishable as radial and central spines. Flowers diurnal, borne at adaxial margins of spine clusters deep within woolly stem apex, inconspicuous, only distal portion visible from spines and hairs, funnelform, 0.6-1.7 × 0.3-1.7 cm; outer tepals entire or sparsely erose-fimbriate; inner tepals pink to white (rarely yellow), (1-)2-6(-9) × 1-2.3(-3) mm, margins entire or perhaps weakly erose-denticulate; ovary smooth, scales, hairs, and spines absent; stigma lobes (2-)3-4(-6), white, to 1 mm. Fruits indehiscent, bright red, narrowly cylindric, 3-20 × 2-3(-5) mm, weakly succulent, soon drying and papery, smooth, spineless; pulp absent; floral remnant deciduous. Seeds blackish, obliquely hemispheric, 1.2-1.4 × 1 mm, glossy, impressed-reticulate; testa cells flat or slightly convex, anticlinal cell walls not protruding. x = 11.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Button cactus, ping-pong ball cactus [Greek epi, upon, thele, nipple, and anthos, flower, describing flower position near tubercle apex]

      Taxonomic Status Reference

    • 1 Aquino, D., Cervantes, R.C., Gernandt, D.S. & Arias, S. 2019: Species delimitation and phylogeny of Epithelantha (Cactaceae). Syst. Bot. 44(3): 600-615.

     Information From

    Caryophyllales. World Flora Online Data. 2022.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online Consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).