Elaeocarpus L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 515. 1753. (1 May 1753)


This taxon is accepted by Elaeocarpaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Trees or rarely shrubs. Leaves alternate or spirally arranged; stipules linear or rarely leaflike, caducous, rarely persistent; petiole usually long and swollen at both ends; leaf blade margin serrate or entire, pinnately veined. Inflorescence axillary, racemose. Flowers bisexual, 4- or 5-merous. Sepals 4 or 5, valvate, abaxially usually pubescent. Petals 4 or 5, white, free, margin laciniate, rarely entire or lobed. Stamens 8 to numerous; filaments short; anthers 2-celled, dehiscing from apical slits, with awn or hairs at tip. Disk usually glandularly 5-10-lobed, rarely circular. Ovary superior, 2-5(-7)-loculed; ovules 2-12 per locule; style linear or subulate. Fruit a drupe, 1(or 5)-loculed; endocarp hard, bony, surface usually lacunose. Seeds usually 1 per locule, with fleshy endosperm; cotyledons thin; embryo straight or curved.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    HELIOCARPUS L.

    Arbustos o árboles, pubescencia de tricomas estrellados en varios grados; plantas dioicas (en Nicaragua) o ginodioicas. Hojas ovadas, a veces 3-lobadas, margen serrado, bases serrado-glandulares en la especies nicaragüenses, palmatinervias con 3, ó 5–7 nervios basales; estípulas caducas. Inflorescencias paniculiformes con eje principal simpódico y ramas terminales dicasiales con fascículos de 10–20 flores, terminales o a veces axilares, flores 4 ó 5-meras, epicáliz ausente; sépalos libres, frecuentemente con apéndices en los ápices, deciduos; pétalos ausentes o muy pequeños en las flores pistiladas, presentes y más cortos que los sépalos en las flores estaminadas y bisexuales, glándulas ausentes; estambres 12–40 en las flores perfectas y en las estaminadas y más largos que el pistilo o pistiloide, ausentes o estaminodiales en las flores pistiladas, sobre androginóforos agrandados, anteras lineares, más o menos mediifijas y versátiles, dehiscencia longitudinal; ovario súpero, sésil sobre el androginóforo o con un ginóforo marcado, 2-locular, cada lóculo con 2 óvulos. Fruto seco e indehiscente, elipsoide o globoso, lateralmente comprimido, el cuerpo rodeado por cerdas plumosas, las cuales en nuestras especies descienden hasta el pedúnculo del ginóforo; semillas (1) 2 (3), pequeñas y comprimidas.

    Un género neotropical, estrechamente relacionado con Triumfetta, con cerca de 9–10 especies desde México hasta Argentina; 3 especies se conocen en Nicaragua. H. donnell-smithii Rose ha sido reportada de Nicaragua (Baker 2490, colectada en el Volcán Mombacho) pero considero que este espécimen es mejor identificarlo como H. tomentosus. H. donnell-smithii difiere de H. tomentosus en tener el fruto elíptico y densamente hirsuto.

    K.K. Lay. A revision of the genus Heliocarpus L. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 36: 507–541. 1949.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or trees, the pubescence of stellate hairs, the young branches usually pubescent, the older ones glabrate or nearly so. Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, the stipules usually large, fugacious or infrequently persistent, the blade entire or 3-lobate, sometimes auriculate-appendaged at the base, the margins irregularly serrate, the basal serrations usually glandular, 3- to 7-palminerved. Inflorescences gynodioecious or hermaphrodite, usually terminal, infrequently axillary, large, paniculiform, the ultimate branchlets bearing clustered cymes. Flowers either hermaphrodite or pistillate, actinomorphous, pedicellate, 4- to 5-merous; calyx valvate, the sepals sometimes minutely appendiculate at the apex, usually pubescent without, glabrate within; petals 4-5 in the hermaphrodite flowers, absent in the pistillate ones, free, valvate, shorter than the sepals, gland- less; stamens 12-40 in the hermaphrodite flowers, staminodial or absent in the pistillate ones, inserted on an enlarged and very short gonophore, the filaments free; anthers 2-thecate, introrse, more or less medifixus, versatile, longitudinally dehiscent; ovary superior, sessile on the gonophore or borne on a gynophore, later- ally compressed, ciliate along the margins and with shorter pubescence on the faces, 2-celled (falsely 4-celled at the base), the cells 2-ovulate; style filiform, bifid, the stigma-lobes spreading, simple or slightly 9- to 3-lobulate. Fruit cap- sular, sessile or stipitate upon the accrescent gynophore, laterally compressed and bearing along the margins 2 rows of long plumose bristles, the faces pubescent or glabrate, indehiscent, 2-loculate, (l-)2(-3))-seeded; seeds small, pendulous, com- pressed-ovoid or compressed-pyriform; albumen carnose; embryo straight; coty- ledons plane, foliaceous.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Shrubs or trees

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A neotropical genus of ten species of which only one occurs in Panama.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    Elaeocarpaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).