Drypetes Vahl
  • Eclog. Amer. 3: 49. 1807.
  • [Probably from Greek drypa, dried olive or drupe, alluding to fruit]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Drypetes Vahl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000012669. Accessed on: 18 Sep 2020'

General Information

DRYPETES Vahl

Por Geoffrey A. Levin

Arboles, sin látex; plantas dioicas. Hojas alternas, simples, a menudo asimétricas en la base, pinnatinervias; estípulas pequeñas y deciduas. Inflorescencias fascículos en las axilas o en los nudos sin hojas de la parte inferior, flores apétalas, sépalos 4–5, imbricados; flores estaminadas con 4–16 (4–12 en Nicaragua), estambres separados, disco intrastaminal anular o lobado, pistilodio diminuto o ausente; flores pistiladas sin estaminodios, disco cuculado o anular, ovario con 1 ó 2 carpelos, 2 óvulos por lóculo, estilos cortos y sin dividir o ausentes, estigmas 1 ó 2. Fruto drupáceo, 1 ó 2-locular, mesocarpo carnoso o duro; semillas 1 por lóculo, en los frutos bicarpelares a menudo por aborto, 1 semilla por fruto, ecarunculadas, lisas.

Género con ca 200 especies en los trópicos de todo el mundo, sólo ca 25 en América; 2 especies se conocen de Nicaragua y 1 más se espera encontrar. La descripción anterior se aplica a las especies neotropicales; especies del Viejo Mundo pueden diferir en las características de la estípula y el número de sépalos, estambres, carpelos, lóculos y estigmas.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Arbustos o árboles, dioicos o (raramente) monoicos, glabros o con indumento de tricomas simples, la savia incolora; estípulas tempranamente deciduas y poco evidentes. Hojas alternas, el pecíolo sin glándulas; lámina simple, generalmente asimétrica en la base, no lobulada, entera o aserrada. Infls. axilares, unisexuales, de fls. fasciculadas. Fls. estaminadas sésiles o pediceladas, con disco intraestaminal; sépalos 4 ó 5, imbricados; pétalos ausentes; estambres 4 ó 5(–50), los filamentos separados; pistiloide presente o ausente. Fls. pistiladas pediceladas, con disco cupuliforme; sépalos 4 ó 5, imbricados; pétalos ausentes; ovario 1 ó 2(–4)-locular; óvulos 2 por lóculo; estilo muy corto u obsoleto, los estigmas dilatados. Frs. drupáceos; semillas lisas, sin carúncula.

  • Provided by: [E].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
  • Trees [shrubs]; trunks often fluted; indumentum of simple hairs. Leaves often subdistichous; stipules deciduous [persistent]; blade base oblique [rarely symmetrical]. Pedicels present. Staminate flowers: sepals 4–5[–7]; nectary intrastaminal, lobed [annular]; stamens 1–2 times number of sepals [or –50]; pistillode ± rudimentary. Pistillate flowers: sepals 4–5[–7]; nectary annular or lobed [absent]; styles 1 mm or less; stigmas dilated [2-fid, reniform, or subpeltate]. x = 10.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Trees or shrubs, dioecious; indumentum of simple hairs, often absent. Leaves alternate; stipules 2; petioles short; leaf blade simple, base often asymmetrical, margin entire or serrate, venation pinnate. Inflorescences axillary, sometimes grouped into glomerules, racemes, or panicles. Male flowers pedicellate or sessile; sepals 4-6, distinct, usually unequal, imbricate; petals absent; stamens 1-25, 1 to several whorls surrounding disk or outer ones inserted at margin or sinus of disk, inner ones inserted on disk; filaments free; anthers bilocular, usually introrse, rarely extrorse, longitudinally dehiscent; disk flattened or concave, margin shallowly or deeply fid; rudimentary ovary very small or absent. Female flowers solitary, axillary, sometimes on older branches; sepals as in male; petals absent; disk annular; ovary 1- or 2(or 3)-loculed; ovules 2 per locule; style short, stigmatiform; stigmas 1 or 2(or 3), usually dilated, peltate or reniform. Fruit a drupe, subglobose or ovoid, 1- or 2(or 3)-celled, seeds 1 per locule; exocarp leathery or nearly so; mesocarp fleshy or woody; endocarp woody, papery, or crustaceous. Seeds without caruncle; endosperm fleshy; cotyledons larger and flattened.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 15
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Male flowers: buds usually globose; sepals 4–5, imbricate, broad, concave, often unequal; petals 0; stamens 3–12(–50); filaments free, anthers erect, commonly introrse, thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; disc central, flat, cupular, ± entire, lobed, laciniate or plicate, sometimes enfolding the filaments; pistillode 0 or minute

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, petiolate, stipulate, simple, entire or toothed, commonly asymmetrical at the base, often coriaceous, penninerved

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Flowers fasciculate, axillary, or cauliflorous on the older branches or trunk, usually pedicellate

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Buds sometimes perulate

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Dioecious, polygamo-dioecious or more rarely monoecious trees or shrubs with a simple indumentum

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Seeds solitary by abortion, ecarunculate, albumen fleshy, embryo straight, cotyledons broad, flat.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Fruit a globose, ovoid or ellipsoid drupe; pericarp somewhat fleshy, becoming indurated on drying; endocarp coriaceous, papery or bony, 1–4-locular

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Female flowers: sepals as in ♂; disc hypogynous, annular, cupular or rarely 0; ovary 1–4-locular, with 2 ovules per locule; styles usually short or 0; stigmas thick, flattened, sometimes subpeltate, bifid, reniform or discoid

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Flowers borne in leaf axils or axils of recently fallen leaves, or cauliflorous on branches or trunk, fasciculate, usually pedicellate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Buds perulate (furnished with protective scales) or not.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, stipulate, shortly petiolate; blades simple, entire or toothed, usually asymmetrical at the base, often coriaceous, penninerved.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Male flowers: sepals 4–5(6), imbricate, broad, concave, often unequal; petals absent; stamens (3)4–30(50), filaments free, anthers usually introrse, thecae parallel, longitudinally dehiscent; disk intrastaminal, sometimes convoluted and enfolding the stamens; pistillode minute or absent.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Female flowers: sepals caducous, otherwise as in male flowers; hypogynous disk annular, cupular or absent; ovary 1–2(4)-locular, with 2 ovules per loculus; styles usually very short or almost obsolete, stigmas dilated and variously shaped.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Fruit drupaceous; pericarp somewhat fleshy, becoming hardened on drying; endocarp coriaceous, chartaceous or osseous.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Seeds solitary per loculus or fruit by abortion, ecarunculate, sometimes with a thin sarcotesta; endosperm copious; cotyledons broad, flat.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Dioecious trees or shrubs.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Indumentum simple.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    [Probably from Greek drypa, dried olive or drupe, alluding to fruit]

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • H Flora of North America Association
    Putranjivaceae
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).