Delonix 


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Delonix . Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000011012. Accessed on: 30 Mar 2020'

General Information

Trees, unarmed. Leaves large, abruptly bipinnate, stipulate; pinnae many pairs; leaflets numerous, small. Inflorescences corym­bose racemes, terminal. Flowers bisexual, white, orange, or red, large, showy. Bracts caducous, small. Receptacle discoid or turbi­nate. Sepals 5, obovate, subequal, valvate. Petals 5, alternating with sepals, orbicular, margin crispate, clawed. Stamens 10, free, declined. Ovary sessile; ovules numerous; style filiform; stigma truncate. Legume pendulous, compressed, strap-shaped, 2-valved; valves thickly woody, hard. Seeds transverse, oblong.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    DELONIX Raf.

    Por Laurence J. Dorr

    Delonix regia (Bojer ex Hook.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 2: 92. 1837; Poinciana regia Bojer ex Hook.

    Arboles, hasta 12 m de alto, inermes, corona ampliamente patente, deprimida. Hojas 2-pinnadas, 30–50 cm de largo, pinnas opuestas, patentes, 10–25 pares; folíolos 20–40 pares por pinna, los últimos opuestos, oblongos, 0.4–1 cm de largo y 3–4 mm de ancho, ápice redondeando, base oblicua, envés tomentuloso o puberulento, discoloro; raquis hasta 12 cm de largo, pecíolos fuertes, 70–120 mm de largo, estípulas caducas. Inflorescencias racimos corimbosos, terminales o axilares, pedicelos 40–100 mm de largo; cáliz 5-partido, sépalos subiguales, espatulado-lanceolados, 2.5–3 cm de largo, valvados en yema, reflexos con la edad; pétalos 5, suborbiculares, 5–7 cm de largo y 3–3.5 cm de ancho, patentes y frecuentemente reflexos, con una uña larga, rojo intensos, frecuentemente manchados con anaranjado; estambres 10, libres; ovario sésil. Fruto ampliamente linear, 35–60 cm de largo y 4–7 cm de ancho, comprimido, 2-valvado, dehiscente, las valvas leñosas; semillas numerosas, oblongas, transversales.

    Cultivada, pero también naturalizada, zona pacífica; 15–150 m; fl feb–jul, fr jul–oct; Araquistain 71, Stevens 9515; nativa de Madagascar, cultivada y naturalizada en los trópicos y subtrópicos. Género con 11 especies, 9 en Madagascar, 1 endémica de Africa y 1 en Africa, Arabia y la India. "Malinche".

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Moderate, unarmed trees. Leaves twice-pinnate, the pinnae several pairs and opposite on the rachis, each pinna with numerous opposite leaflets; petiole mod- erately short, expanded basally, eglandular; rachis elongate, flattened above, egland- ular; stipules caducous; ultimate leaflets small, short-petiolulate. Inflorescence terminal or axillary, subcorymbose (of 1 to several racemes). Flowers showy; calyx-tube short; calyx-lobes subequal, much exceeding the tube, valvate; petals separate and spreading, long-clawed; stamens 10, subdeclinate, free, the anthers versatile and longitudinally dehiscent; ovary scarcely stipitate; style slender; stigma truncate. Legume thick-flattened, dehiscent, the valves ligneous; seeds transverse.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
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    Morphology

    Pods linear-oblong, flattened, many-seeded, dehiscing into two woody or coriaceous valves

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Seeds transverse, hard, flattened and oblong-elliptic (in native species), or oblong-subcylindrical (D. regia); endosperm present.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens 10, fertile, exserted; filaments pubescent or tomentose below, eglandular; anthers dorsifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ovary shortly stipitate, pubescent to glabrous; ovules numerous; style ± as long as the stamens, glabrous, or pubescent below, not or only somewhat enlarged near apex into a transverse, ciliate-margined, but not peltate stigma

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Unarmed trees

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves bipinnate; stipules (in native species) small, subulate, quickly caducous, or (in D. regia) small but leafy and forked at base into two pinnate divisions; specialized glands absent from petiole and leaf-rhachis, although clustered brown cylindrical possibly glandular hairs may be present at the insertions of the pinnae; leaflets opposite, eglandular

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Inflorescences of short axillary corymbose racemes aggregated near ends of branchlets

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Bracts small, inconspicuous, falling while the flower-buds are still young (in native species), or persistent (in D. regia)

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers large, hermaphrodite

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Sepals 5, valvate

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Petals 5, conspicuously clawed, obovate to transversely elliptic or reniform, equal or subequal except that the upper posticous one is somewhat different from the rest in shape and colour

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Unarmed trees.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves bipinnate with 2–23 pairs of leaflets, without specialised glands on petiole and rachis; leaflets opposite in (4)6–32 pairs, eglandular; stipules small, subulate and caducous or pinnately compound with up to 6 pairs of pinnae and often persistent.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Racemes axillary, subcorymbose, with up to c.20 fairly large flowers, often in groups and so appearing compound; bracts ± ovate, caducous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Flowers with a distinct hypanthium, the lower part of which is narrower and simulates the pedicel but is clearly demarcated from it by a joint, the upper part being expanded into a shallowly concave disc or a conspicuous cup, persisting into fruiting.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Sepals 5, valvate, somewhat leathery.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Petals 5, subequal except that the upper one usually differs slightly in size, shape and colour, all with a long claw, the broad part suborbicular to reniform.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Stamens 10, all fertile, often conspicuously exserted, eglandular; anthers dorsifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ovary ± sessile or shortly stipitate, glabrous to sericeous-tomentose, with numerous ovules, tapered above into a long style approximately equalling the stamens and somewhat broadened at the apex to form a flattish, ciliate stigma.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Pods 13–70 cm long, linear-oblong to linear, flattened, coriaceous or woody, dehiscing down both sides; seeds numerous, transversely elongate in the pod, compressed or subcylindrical, with endosperm.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 4
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    Habit

    tree

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
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    Distribution

    Africa and Madagascar.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
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     Information From

    Fabaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).