Cyrilla Garden
  • Syst. Nat. (ed. 12) 2: 182. 1767.
  • [For Dominico Cirillo, 1739-1799, Italian physician and professor of natural history, University of Naples]

This taxon is accepted by Cyrillaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Shrubs or trees, deciduous or semi-evergreen, usually much-branched from base. Leaves: petiole present; blade with prominent midrib and clearly visible lateral veins on both surfaces. Inflorescences clustered at distal ends of branchlets of previous season, produced after shoot growth of current season begins, 6-18 cm; bract persistent. Pedicels: bracteoles persistent, 2. Flowers: sepals lanceolate-ovate, apex acute to acuminate; petals ovate to ovate-lanceolate, base not clawed, apex acute; stamens 5; filaments terete, somewhat expanded basally; ovary 2-3(-4)-locular; ovules 1-3 per locule; stigma 2-3(-4)-lobed. Fruits berrylike, unwinged, ovoid to subglobose. Seeds usually absent, sometimes 1-4.

CYRILLA Garden ex L.

Cyrilla racemiflora L., Mant. Pl. 50. 1767; C. antillana Michx.

Arboles pequeños (en Nicaragua) hasta 10 m de alto o ligeramente más, ramas glabras. Hojas generalmente agrupadas en los extremos de las ramas, oblanceolado-elípticas a oblanceoladas, 2.5–8 cm de largo y 9–16 mm de ancho, con margen algo revoluto; pecíolos cortos. Racimos axilares, 6–12 cm de largo, con brácteas lanceoladas; sépalos 5, libres, hasta 1 mm de largo, persistentes; pétalos 5, blancos a rosado pálidos; estambres 5; ovario 2–3-locular, óvulos 3 por lóculo, péndulo-anátropos. Fruto seco, globoso a ovoide, 2–3 mm de largo.

Común, a lo largo de caños en la zona atlántica; 0–65 m; fl abr–jun, fr ene, jun; Stevens 7739, Vincelli 539; sureste de los Estados Unidos hasta el norte de Sudamérica y en las Antillas. Género monotípico.

Shrubs or trees. Leaves entire, short-petioled, subcoriaceous to coriaceous. Flowers with the sepals equal; petals white, thickened and glandular medially and below the middle; stamens 5, dehiscing longitudinally, the filaments terete, subulate; styles short, 2-3-lobed. Fruit a drupe, longitudinally bisulcate or trisul- cate.

"Pedicels with a pair of persistent bractlets; pet thickened and glandular at and below the middle; stamens 5, alternate with the pet; filaments terete; anthers opening longitudinally, dorsoversatile, with separate basal lobes; ovary 2–3-locular; ovules 3 per locule; fr sulcate. Monospecific."


Shrubs trees


SELECTED REFERENCE Dute, R. R. et al. 2004. Floral anatomy and pollination biology of Cyrilla racemiflora (Cyrillaceae). SouthE. Naturalist 3: 309-326.

Common Names

[For Dominico Cirillo, 1739-1799, Italian physician and professor of natural history, University of Naples]

 Information From

World Flora Online Data. 2017.
  • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
Flora de Panama
Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
  • B Missouri Botanical Garden
Flora of North America @
'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  • C Flora of North America Association
New York Botanical Garden
Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
  • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
Flora de Nicaragua
WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
  • E Missouri Botanical Garden
World Flora Online consortium
World Flora Online Data. 2018.
  • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).