Cymophyllus Mack.
  • Ill. Fl. N. U.S. (ed. 2) 1: 441, f. 1110. 1913.
  • [Greek kyma, wave, and phyll, leaf, in reference to the undulate-margined leaves]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Cymophyllus Mack. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000010389. Accessed on: 18 Feb 2020'

General Information

Herbs, perennial, cespitose, evergreen. Culms compressed or terete. Leaves basal, bladeless; proximal sheaths 4–6, whitish to straw colored, disintegrating at maturity, distal 1(–2, rarely), blade flat, formed from open, elongated sheath, without ligule or evident midvein, usually 2–5 cm wide. Inflorescences terminal, single spike; bracts spirally arranged, each subtending flower, scalelike. Spikelets 1-flowered; scales 0–1. Flowers unisexual; staminate flowers without scales; pistillate flowers with 1 scale enclosing flower (perigynium), open only at apex; perianth absent; stamens 3; styles deciduous, linear, 3-fid. Achenes sharply trigonous.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    "Fls unisexual, each in the axil of a scale, in a solitary terminal spike, the pistillate below the staminate; bract none; stamens 3; ovary surrounded by a perigynium as in Carex, the style and 3 elongate stigmas persistent on the mature trigonous achene; shortly rhizomatous, the flowering culms bearing at anthesis a few imbricate basal sheaths without blades, the uppermost sheath later splitting and elongating to form a large solitary near-basal lf without midvein or sheath. Monotypic."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Clarkson, R. B. 1962. Fraser’s sedge, Cymophyllus fraseri (Andrews) Mackenzie. Castanea 26: 129–136. Reznicek, A. A. 1989. Homology of the leaf in the southern Appalachian endemic Cymophyllus fraseri (Cyperaceae). [Abstract.] Amer. J. Bot. 76(6, suppl.): 267. Thomas, W. W. 1984b. Insect pollination of Cymophyllus fraseri (Andrews) Mackenzie. Castanea 49: 94–95.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    [Greek kyma, wave, and phyll, leaf, in reference to the undulate-margined leaves]

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Cyperaceae
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).