Curculigo Gaertn.
  • Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 63. 1788.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Curculigo Gaertn. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000010087. Accessed on: 03 Aug 2020'

General Information

2. Curculigo Gaertner

Por M.J. Huft.

Rizoma corto, cubierto con fibras reticuladas, coronado con las vainas en desintegración de bases foliares viejas. Hojas lineares a lanceoladas, erectas o ascendentes, con nervación plegada, glabras o esparcidamente pilosas. Inflorescencia sésil, brevemente espigada, sólo 1 flor apareciendo a la vez; brácteas lanceoladas. Perianto en la cima de un alargado rostro tubiforme del ovario semejando un tubo del perianto; ovario cilíndrico, con un rostro alargado, rodeado por las brácteas y a su tiempo envuelto por bases foliares cerca de la base de la planta. Fruto indehiscente, carnoso, cilíndrico, envuelto por las brácteas persistentes; semillas subglobosas, brevirrostradas. 10 spp. Pantropical.

La única especie en Mesoamérica es Curculigo scorzonerifolia.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Herbs perennial, often with tuberous rhizomes. Leaves several, basal, sessile or petiolate; leaf blade usually lanceolate, plicate, leathery or papery. Flowering stems axillary, erect or apically bent downward, long or short. Inflorescences racemose, spicate, or subcapitate. Flowers bisexual or unisexual. Perianth often yellow; segments spreading, subequal, sometimes basally connate into a tube. Stamens inserted at base of perianth segments; anther nearly basifixed or dorsifixed; filament very short, sometimes subequaling anther. Ovary usually hairy; ovules 2 to many. Style columnar, slender; stigma 3-lobed. Fruit a berry, indehiscent, apex sometimes beaked; beak (when present) formed by persistent perianth tube. Seeds small, often striped; hilum conspicuous.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    CURCULIGO Gaertn.

    Curculigo scorzonerifolia (Lam.) Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 124. 1878; Hypoxis scorzonerifolia Lam.

    Hierbas rizomatosas; rizoma corto, cubierto con fibras reticuladas. Hojas basales, 1–4 (–7), envainadoras en la base o angostadas en un pecíolo 1–14 cm de largo, planas, lineares a linear-lanceoladas, 7–45 cm de largo y 2–20 mm de ancho, esparcidamente pilosas a casi glabras, con nervadura plegada, largamente acuminadas en el ápice. Inflorescencia sésil, brevemente espigada, sólo una flor apareciendo a la vez, brácteas lanceoladas, persistentes en fruto, flores sésiles o subsésiles, actinomorfas; tépalos 6 en 2 verticilos de 3, libres o apenas connados en la base pero naciendo en el ápice del rostro del ovario, todos semejantes, elíptico-lanceolados, 0.7–2 cm de largo y 2–6.5 mm de ancho, amarillos, pilosos externamente; estambres 6, exertos, filamentos cortos, adnados en la base a los tépalos, anteras basifijas, sagitadas, introrsas, longitudinalmente dehiscentes, 2–3 mm de largo; ovario ínfero, 3-locular, cilíndrico, el ápice prolongado en un rostro tubular filiforme, piloso, 1.5–6 cm de largo, semejando un tubo del perianto, rodeado por las brácteas y finalmente envuelto por las bases foliares viejas, óvulos 2 a numerosos en cada lóculo, estilo solitario con 3 ramas estigmáticas, ca 6 mm de largo. Fruto carnoso, cilíndrico, 10–12 mm de largo y ca 4 mm de ancho, indehiscente; semillas numerosas, subglobosas, brevemente rostradas, 2–2.2 mm de largo, lisas, negras.

    Poco común, sabanas, campos arenosos, zonas pacífica y atlántica; 10–50 m; fl jun, jul, fr jul; Henrich 171, Stevens 17818; sur de México a Panamá, norte de Sudamérica y en las Antillas. Género pantropical con 10 especies.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Scapose herbs from corm-like rhizomes, scatteringly pilose throughout; leaves narrow, grass-like (in Panama), basal; inflorescence mostly 1-flowered; perianth segments yellowish, 6, equal, barely united at the base but appearing to have a long tube because of the narrow beak of the ovary; stamens 6, the filaments united to the base of the perianth; pistil 3-celled, inferior, provided with a long narrow beak; fruit rather fleshy and indehiscent.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
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    Morphology

    Seeds ellipsoid, black and glossy, strophiolate, sometimes striate, the testa smooth.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Fruit indehiscent, crowned by the persistent perianth tube and enclosed within the old leaf base remnants or subtending bract.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Flowers 1–many, subsessile on the rhizome or spicately arranged on a short scape; ovary borne amongst the leaf bases or enveloped by subtending bracts; lower part of perianth fused into an elongated narrow tube (perianth tube) bearing the perianth segments, stigma and anthers well above the ovary; perianth segments spreading, acute to obtuse, yellow adaxially and sparsely pilose beneath; anthers sagittate, latrorse.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Inflorescences 1–many, arising continuously throughout the season, borne near the base of the plant.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves sessile, linear-elliptic or lanceolate, ± plicate, becoming pseudopetiolate, sheathing at the base, glabrous or sparsely thinly pilose on the margins and nervation, outer leaves reduced and somewhat cataphyll-like, sheathing at the base with broad hyaline margins, new leaves arising successively from within the bases of the older leaves which eventually disintegrate into fibrous remnants; indumentum of 2-armed hairs or 3–12-unequally armed (stellate) hairs, whitish or brown; new leaves produced successively within older leaf bases.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Herbaceous geophytes, acaulescent; rhizome vertical, sometimes branched, surmounted by a ± dense coat of fibrous leaf remnants and bearing scattered contractile roots.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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     Information From

    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Hypoxidaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).