Crinum L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 291. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • String-lily, swamp-lily [Greek krinon, a lily]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Crinum L. Published on the Internet; http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000009700. Accessed on: 23 Oct 2019'

General Information

Herbs perennial, bulbiferous. Leaves basal, ligulate or ensiform, often large, with extensible fibers visible when torn. Flowering stem solid. Inflorescences umbellate, rarely flower solitary; involucres large and broad. Flowers pedicellate or sessile. Perianth actinomorphic or slightly zygomorphic, salverform or subsalverform; lobes oblong, lanceolate, or linear, straight or curved upward. Stamens inserted at throat of perianth tube; filament suberect to declinate, filiform; anther versatile, linear. Ovary 3-loculed; ovules 2 to many per locule. Style slightly decumbent, slender; stigma capitate, small. Fruit a capsule, subglobose, dehiscing irregularly. Seeds orbicular or angular, large.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    CRINUM L.

    Hierbas bulbíferas, escaposas; bulbos solitarios o agrupados, tunicados. Hojas basales, planas, generalmente suculentas. Escapo sólido; inflorescencia una umbela terminal con 2 o más brácteas subyacentes espatáceas, las flores sésiles o brevemente pediceladas, actinomorfas o ligeramente zigomorfas; perianto infundibuliforme o hipocrateriforme con hipanto tubular alargado recto o curvado y limbo de 6 lobos iguales o subiguales; estambres 6, insertados en la base de los lobos del perianto, filamentos teretes o subteretes, anteras dorsifijas, introrsas, longitudinalmente dehiscentes; ovario ínfero, 3-locular, óvulos 2 a varios en cada lóculo, estilo solitario, terminal, estigma capitado. Fruto una cápsula carnosa, asimétrica, tardíamente dehiscente.

    Un género con 80–100 especies, pantropical; 5 especies en Nicaragua.

    I. Nordal. Crinum. Fl. Tropical East Africa. Amaryllidaceae: 9–18. 1982.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Usually rather massive scapose herbs with tunicated bulbs and basal, usually succulent leaves; inflorescence scapose, umbelliform, bearing few to several showy, sessile or subsessile flowers subtended by 2 or more spathaceous bracts; perianth salverform, with a long slender tube and a spreading limb of 6 more or less equal lobes, white, or more or less deeply flushed with red or purple; stamens 6, inserted at the base of the perianth lobes; filaments terete or subterete, slender; anthers versatile; fruit a rather fleshy, asymmetrical capsule, tardily dehiscent.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 11
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    Herbs, perennial, scapose, from bulbs with elongate columnar apices. Leaves basal, thick; blade lorate or ensiform, not narrowed near base. Scape solid. Inflorescences umbellate, few- to many-flowered, subtended by 2 large, lanceolate, scarious bracts. Flowers sessile or pedicellate; perianth connate proximally, red to white, often striped, streaked, or overlaid with red abaxially, funnelform to salverform to semicampanulate, tube straight to curved, ca. same length as limb lobes; stamens inserted on perianth tube throat; filaments thin, often declinate; ovary inferior, globose; style slender; stigma capitate. Fruits capsular, globose or subglobose, usually prominently beaked. Seeds fleshy, testa often corky.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    Morphology

    Flowers regular to slightly irregular, often white with red keel, sometimes pure white or pink, hypocrateriform or infundibuliform, with a long narrow cylindrical tube always longer than 6 cm. in East Africa

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Filaments filiform

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Ovary oblong, with many ovules per locule; integuments lacking; style long (up to 20 cm.), with undivided stigma

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Fruit a large many-seeded capsule, with fleshy or membranous wall, indehiscent or bursting irregularly

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Seeds globose, somewhat flattened or irregularly shaped, greenish or greyish, glabrous or occasionally papillose, often germinating in the fruit.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Inflorescence with 1–25 large flowers, subtended by 2 free bracts

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Scape lateral, solid

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Leaves strap-shaped, lanceolate or linear, with or without a thickened midrib

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Bulbous plants with leaves in a basal rosette or rarely distichously arranged, never biflabellate, lacking a false stem (in East Africa)

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Moldenke, H. N. 1962. Amaryllid genera and species. Pl. Life 18: 48–50. Wunderlin, R. P., B. F. Hansen, and D. W. Hall. 1985. The vascular flora of central Florida: Taxonomic and nomenclatural changes, additional taxa. Sida 11: 232–244.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    String-lily, swamp-lily [Greek krinon, a lily]

     Information From

    Amaryllidaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).