Corynaea Hook. f.
  • Trans. Linn. Soc. London 22: 31, 54. 1856.


This taxon is accepted by Balanophoraceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

1. Corynaea Hook. f.

Helosis auct., non Rich., Itoasia Kuntze

Por S. Knapp.

Tubérculos subterráneos irregularmente lobados, amiláceos; tallos emergiendo directamente del tubérculo, afilos, sin brácteas; rizomas ausentes. Inflorescencias bisexuales, subesféricas a ovoides; brácteas hexagonales, peltadas, prontamente caducas. Flores embebidas en una capa densa de tricomas filiformes. Flores estaminadas tubulares, el perianto 3-lobado o irregularmente crenado, los estambres 3, connatos, el sinandro 6-locular, los lóculos dispuestos longitudinalmente. Flores pistiladas comprimidas; perianto adnato al ovario, los segmentos del perianto 2, inconspicuos; estilos 2. 1 sp. Neotrópicos, en bosques montanos.

La única especie es Corynaea crassa.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Rhizomes nodular or rarely elongate, often lobed, lacking scales, sometimes with root-like processes. Inflorescence mostly monoecious and proterogynous or rarely dioecious, claviform, the peduncle encircled at the base with a glabrous annular to cupuliform sheath which is sometimes very obscure, naked above the sheath, the head globose or ellipsoid, when immature covered with 6-sided, peltate, umbonate scales underneath which occurs a dense mat of paraphysoid trichomes and young developing flowers, the scales deciduous prior to anthesis. Perianth of the staminate flowers tubular, conical or subcampanulate, completely connate, crenate; in the pistillate flowers reduced to a low epigynous collar or, according to some authors, absent- Stamens 3, exserted, the filaments completely fused into a staminal column free from the perianth tube, the anthers united into a synan- drium, each with two large lateral pollen sacs, introrse; absent in the pistillate flowers. Pistil 2-carpellate, the ovary compressed, the ovules 2, fused to the ovary wall, generally only one maturing, the styles 2, filiform, spreading, deciduous, the stigmas globose or capitate; pistillode present in the staminate flowers. Fruit nut- like, compressed, with crusty epicarp and hard endocarp.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A poorly known genus consisting of perhaps 4 species of Central and South America. Only 1 species is represented in Panama.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    Balanophoraceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).