Cordia L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 190. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Cordia L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000009266. Accessed on: 28 Oct 2020'

General Information

Trees or shrubs. Leaves alternate, rarely opposite, usually evidently petiolate, margin entire or serrate, rarely lobed. Cymes mostly corymbose, ebracteate. Flowers bisexual, frequently heterostylous or ± functionally unisexual. Calyx tubular or campanulate, enlarged after anthesis, persistent. Corolla white, yellow, or orange-red, campanulate to funnelform, usually (4- or) 5(-8)-lobed; lobes antrorse or recurved. Stamens usually well developed; filaments often pubescent at base. Ovary 4-loculed, glabrous; ovule 1 per locule. Style twice 2-cleft, each branch with a spatulate or capitate stigma. Drupes ovoid, globose, or ellipsoid, frequently with watery or sticky fleshy mesocarp and bony endocarp, rarely with corky mesocarp or nutlike without fleshy mesocarp. Seeds 1-4, without endosperm; cotyledons plicate.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    CORDIA L.

    Arboles o arbustos, deciduos o siempreverdes; plantas hermafroditas heterostilas, subdioicas o dioicas. Hojas enteras o serradas, pecioladas. Inflorescencias cimosas, paniculadas o a veces en capítulos o espigadas, terminales, axilares o internodales; flores bisexuales distilas u homostilas o unisexuales con estambres o gineceo reducido; cáliz tubular a campanulado, generalmente 5-lobado; corola tubular a campanulada, marcescente o decidua, generalmente 5-lobada; estambres generalmente iguales en número a los lobos de la corola; estilo 2 veces bífido, estigmas 4. Fruto con el cáliz persistente, drupáceo o seco; semilla 1.

    Cordia es el género más grande en la familia con unas 325 especies, la mayor parte de las cuales se encuentran en América tropical; 24 especies se conocen en Nicaragua y otra se espera encontrar. Algunas de las especies son utilizadas como madera, principalmente C. alliodora. Los frutos de C. dentata y de algunas otras especies son comestibles.

    I.M. Johnston. Studies in the Boraginaceae, XV. J. Arnold Arbor. 21: 336–355. 1940, XVII. 30: 85–104. 1949, XIX. 31: 172–187. 1950.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
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    Shrubs, sometimes scandent, or trees, sometimes functionally dioecious, stri- gose to softly pubescent, the hairs simple, uniseriate, or stellate. Leaves mostly alternate, rarely subopposite, simple, mostly homomorphic, sometimes dimorphic, petiolate. Inflorescences cymes, very irregular, paniculate and open, spike-like, or rarely densely glomerate, axillary or terminal, the bracts generally absent. Flowers perfect and homomorphic or functionally unisexual and slightly heteromorphic, actinomorphic, ? sessile; calyx of 5 connate sepals, tubular or ? campanulate, sometimes costate, densely strigose to softly pubescent, sometimes with resinous dots when young, 5-lobed or splitting irregularly and 2-4-lobed; corolla of 5(-12) connate petals, funnelform to salverform, marcescent or falling soon after anthesis, sparsely strigose to glabrous, white to cream, 5(-12)-lobed, the lobes oblong and conspicuous, almost as broad as long, or shallow and obscure; stamens as many as the corolla lobes, functional, or reduced and abortive, epipetalous, borne on the corolla throat, alternate, the filaments. sometimes fimbriolate and/or hooked near the base, the anthers dehiscing longitudinally, introrse; ovary 4-loculed, functional or reduced and abortive, unlobed, the ovules 1-4, usually only one developing, style slender, elongate, twice bifid, the stigmas 4 and capitate or clavate. Fruit usually drupaceous, unlobed, the exocarp dry or mucilaginous; seed usually 1.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
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    Morphology

    Female with anthers sterile, otherwise similar to ♂ flowers

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Calyx tubular or campanulate, smooth or with marked ribs, 2–5(–more)-lobed, persistent and accrescent in fruit

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers mostly white, yellow or orange, hermaphrodite, polygamous or unisexual (plant dioecious), subsessile or pedicellate, borne in terminal or axillary dichotomous corymbs, panicles or subglobose clusters of cymes, the branches scorpioid, without bracts

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Male flowers with 4–8 stamens, the filaments often hairy at the base; ovary rudimentary but style absent

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Seeds without endosperm.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Fruits ovoid, globose or ellipsoid, included in or sitting in the persistent accrescent cupuliform calyx; endocarp bony with up to 4 locules but only 1–2 fertile

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Style terminal, twice bifid (or abnormally twice trifid), the ultimate stigmatic parts of the 4 branches linear to subfoliaceous or terminated by 1 capitate or peltate stigma, rarely with 4 separate styles

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ovary 4-locular with 1 erect ovule in each locule

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens exserted or included, the filaments glabrous or pubescent at the base

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Corolla funnel-shaped or salver-shaped, mostly 5- but sometimes 3–8-lobed; tube short or long, cylindric or widened; lobes erect, spreading or reflexed, imbricate or subcontorted in bud.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Trees or shrubs, less often climbers or scramblers

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Leaves alternate or in a few (but sometimes very common species) subopposite, petiolate, simple, often large, entire to crenate-dentate

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves alternate, rarely subopposite, petiolate, entire to coarsely toothed.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Flowers hermaphrodite or unisexual, actinomorphic, pedicelled or subsessile, the pedicels joined.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Cymes arranged in lax or dense or sometimes very contracted and subglobose panicles, ebracteate, terminal or axillary.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Corolla 4-5(7)-lobed, funnel-shaped to salver-shaped, white or yellowish; lobes imbricate or subcontorted in bud, shallow and obscure or oblong and conspicuous, patent or recurved at anthesis.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Calyx tubular or ± campanulate, sometimes sulcate, usually splitting irregularly, 3-5-toothed, enlarging in fruit.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Trees or shrubs sometimes dioecious.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Stamens or staminodes inserted in the corolla tube, as many as the corolla lobes and alternate with them; anthers oblong.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ovary entire, 4-locular with 1 ovule in each locule (or reduced and abortive in male flowers); style terminal, twice cleft, with stigmatic branches linear or clavate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Fruit drupaceous, partially or wholly surrounded by the enlarged persistent calyx; stone with 1-4 exalbuminous seeds, cotyledons plicate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Habit

    Shrubs

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A genus of about 200 species, distributed in the warmer regions of the world. Seventeen species are found in Panama.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
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    Included Species

     Information From

    Boraginaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    SolanaceaeSource.org
    http://solanaceaesource.org/
    PBI Solanum Project. 2017. Solanaceae Source. Jan.31st, 2015. http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).