Commelina L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 40. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Dayflower, widow's-tears [for the two Dutch botanists Jan and Kaspar Commelijn, because of the two showy petals]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Commelina L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000009041. Accessed on: 24 Feb 2020'

General Information

13. Commelina L. N.v: Hierba del pollo.

Athyrocarpus Schldl. ex Benth., Commelinopis Pichon, Phaeosphaerion Hassk.

Por D.R. Hunt.

Hierbas generalmente perennes; raíces generalmente tuberosas. Inflorescencias solitarias o de cimas pareadas más o menos encerradas por una bráctea plegada, carinada, espatácea, pocas spp. también con flores cleistógamas subterráneas. Flores bisexuales o polígamas, de varios colores; sépalos 3, libres, desiguales, los más externos caliptriformes; pétalos 3, libres, generalmente los 2 superiores unguiculados, el inferior reducido, más raramente todos iguales; estambres fértiles 3, anteriores, frecuentemente dimorfos; filamentos glabros; estaminodios 3-2, posteriores, con anteras estériles, los filamentos desnudos; ovario 3-2-locular; óvulos 1-2 por lóculo. Fruto seco y dehiscente o crustáceo e indehiscente; semillas exariladas, con un hilo linear y un embriotegio dorsal o lateral. 50-100 spp. Principalmente trópicos y subtrópicos.

Bibliografía: Faden, R.B. y Hunt, D.R. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 74: 121-122 (1987).

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Herbs annual or perennial. Rhizomes absent. Stems creeping, ascending, or erect. Leaves alternate. Cincinni subtended by and included in spathelike involucral bracts; involucral bracts open or proximal margins coherent and becoming funnelform, often forming heads; cincinni dichotomously branched, flowers in 1 branch smaller, infertile, falling early, those in other branch fertile; bracts not falcate curved, usually extremely small or absent. Flowers zygomorphic. Sepals lanceolate or ovate-orbicular, sometimes shallowly boat-shaped, inner 2 often connate at base. Petals free, blue, spatulate or orbicular, inner (anterior) 2 larger and clawed. Fertile stamens 3, on 1 side, 2 inserted opposite sepals, 1 opposite petal; filaments glabrous; staminodes 3; antherodes 4-lobed, butterflylike. Ovary 2- or 3-loculed, posterior locule with 1 developed or abortive ovule or empty, anterior 2 locules each with 1 or 2 ovules. Capsule oblong, globose, or ellipsoid, 3- or most frequently 2-valved; posterior valve 1-seeded or seedless, often indehiscent; anterior 2 valves each seedless or 1- or 2-seeded. Seeds cylindric or ellipsoid, reticulate or subsmooth; hilum linear.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Herbs, perennial or annual. Roots thin or tuberous. Leaves 2-ranked or spirally arranged, not glaucous; blade sessile or petiolate. Inflorescences terminal, leaf-opposed; cymes 1--2, enclosed in spathes, proximal cyme several-flowered, distal cyme vestigial or with 1--several staminate flowers; spathes often filled with mucilaginous liquid, margins distinct or basally connate; bracteoles usually absent. Flowers bisexual and staminate, bilaterally symmetric; pedicels well developed; sepals distinct or proximal 2 connate, unequal; petals distinct, proximal petal often different color than distal 2, smaller or subequal, distal 2 blue (occasionally lilac, lavender, yellow, peach, apricot, or white), clawed; stamens (5--)6, proximal 3 fertile, medial different in form, size from others, distal (2--)3 staminodial; filaments glabrous; antherodes commonly 4--6-lobed; ovary 2--3-locular, ovules 1--2 per locule, 1-seriate. Capsules 2--3-valved, 2--3-locular. Seeds 1--2 per locule; hilum linear; embryotega lateral. x = 11--15.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    COMMELINA L.; Phaeosphaerion Hassk.; Athyrocarpus Schltdl.; Commelinopsis Pichon

    Generalmente perennes, raíces a veces carnosas; plantas hermafroditas o polígamas. Hojas generalmente delgadas. Inflorescencias cimas solitarias o bíparas, pedunculadas, más o menos envueltas por una bráctea espatácea plegada, carinada, flores variadamente coloreadas, algunas pueden ser cleistógamas subterráneas; sépalos 3, libres, desiguales, el exterior cuculado; pétalos 3, libres, generalmente los 2 superiores unguiculados, el inferior reducido, a veces todos iguales; estambres fértiles 3, anteriores, frecuentemente dimorfos, filamentos desnudos, estaminodios 2–3, posteriores, filamentos desnudos, anteras presentes; ovario 2–3-locular, 1 ó 2 óvulos por lóculo. Cápsula seca y dehiscente o crustácea e indehiscente; semillas con hilo lineal y embriotegio dorsal o lateral.

    Género con ca 170 especies, principalmente en los trópicos y subtrópicos; 6 especies se conocen en Nicaragua y 2 adicionales se esperan encontrar. Las especies de este género se conocen como "Hierba de pollo".

    R.B. Faden y D.R. Hunt. Reunion of Phaeosphaerion and Commelinopsis with Commelina (Commelinaceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 74: 121–122. 1987.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Small or mediocre, caulescent, subsucculent annuals. Leaves alternate, sheath- ing at the base. Inflorescences chiefly terminal, simply scorpioid, few-flowered, more or less enclosed by a conduplicate spathaceous bract. Sepals 3, subequal. Petals 3, two posterior equal, the anterior more or less reduced, frequently greatly so. Stamens 6, the upper 3 sterile, with cruciate anthers, the lower 3 fertile. Pistil 2- to 3-celled. Capsules loculicidally dehiscent.

  • Provided by: [J].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Plantas perennes (generalmente), las raíces generalmente tuberosas. Hojas usualmente dísticas, a veces es-piraladas, sésiles o pecioladas; lámina con la base usualmente asimétrica, usualmente pubescente. Infls. axilareso terminales, de 1 ó 2 cincinos contraídos, usualmente con una espata doblada subyacente, las espatas pedun-culadas a subsésiles, los márgenes separados o connatos. Fls. bisexuales, fuertemente zigomorfas, pediceladas;sépalos separados, o los 2 inferiores parcial o enteramente connatos en forma de taza, verdes, azules o hialinos;pétalos separados, desiguales, los 2 superiores grandes y unguiculados, usualmente azul brillante (CR spp.), aveces lila, varios tonos de amarillo o blancos, el pétalo inferior muy reducido, conspicuo o poco conspicuo, nounguiculado; estambres 3, el medial usualmente más corto que los laterales, los filamentos glabros; celdas dela antera contiguas; estaminodios 2 ó 3; estilo alargado, delgado. Frs. cápsulas o bayas, bi o trivalvadas, el lóculodorsal sin o con 1 semilla, los lóculos abaxiales usualmente con 1 ó 2 semillas; semillas elipsoides a ovoides,lisas o rugosas a reticuladas.

  • Provided by: [G].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    "Sep 3, herbaceous, somewhat unequal, 2 sometimes connate at base; pet 3, the upper 2 usually blue, ovate to reniform, clawed at base, the lower one smaller, in most spp. white; fertile stamens 3, 2 with oblong anthers, one incurved with a longer anther; sterile stamens (2)3, smaller, with imperfect, cruciform anthers; filaments not hairy; ovary sessile, 3-locular, the lower 2 locules fertile, with 1 or 2 ovules, the upper median locule smaller, 1-ovuled or empty, or abortive; fr a loculicidal, 2–3-valved capsule; herbs with succulent stem and linear to lance-ovate lvs; infl of small cymes, each closely subtended by a folded cordate spathe from which the pedicels protrude (or sometimes 2 cymes to a spathe); usually self-pollinated. 200+, cosmop., mostly warm reg."

  • Provided by: [I].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Brashier, C. K. 1966. A revision of Commelina (Plum.) L. in the U.S.A. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 93: 1--19. Faden, R. B. 1993b. The misconstrued and rare species of Commelina (Commelinaceae) in the eastern United States. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 80: 208--218. Pennell, F. W. 1916. Notes on plants of the southern United States—I. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 96--111.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Dayflower, widow's-tears [for the two Dutch botanists Jan and Kaspar Commelijn, because of the two showy petals]

     Information From

    Commelinaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Flora of North America Association
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • H Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • I Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • J Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).