Chrysobalanus L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 513. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • [Greek chrysos, golden, and balanos, acorn or fruit, alluding to yellow fruits of some individuals of C. icaco]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Chrysobalanus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000008187. Accessed on: 08 Jul 2020'

General Information

Shrubs or trees. Leaves persistent; blade margins entire. Thyrses axillary or terminal. Flowers: petals 5; stamens [12–]14–22[–26], filaments connate basally to 1/3 length in groups, densely hairy proximally; ovary densely hairy; styles densely hairy. Drupes globose or broadly ellipsoid; endocarp longitudinally ribbed. x = 11.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    CHRYSOBALANUS L.

    Chrysobalanus icaco L., Sp. Pl. 513. 1753.

    Arbustos o árboles pequeños, hasta 5 m de alto. Hojas orbiculares a ovado-elípticas, 2–8 cm de largo y 1.2–6 cm de ancho, retusas o redondeadas en el ápice con un acumen obtuso de hasta 2 mm de largo, subcuneadas en la base, glabras, nervios primarios inconspicuos; pecíolos 2–4 mm de largo, estípulas 1–3 mm de largo, deciduas. Inflorescencias címulas pequeñas, terminales y axilares, con tomento gris-café; receptáculo cupuliforme, tomentoso; lobos del cáliz redondeados a agudos; pétalos más largos que los lobos del cáliz, glabros, blancos; estambres 12–26, filamentos unidos parte de su longitud en grupos pequeños, densamente pilosos; ovario insertado en la base del receptáculo, piloso, carpelo 1-locular. Fruto ovado a obovado, 1.8–5 cm de largo, epicarpo liso con crestas longitudinales, mesocarpo delgado y carnoso, endocarpo delgado y duro con superficie exterior lisa, acostillado.

    Común en áreas costeras, en matorrales en playas y sabanas y en el interior en márgenes de lagos y bosques bajos de galería, zonas atlántica y pacífica; 0–70 m; fl y fr todo el año; Sandino 2239, Stevens 20091; Estados Unidos (Florida) al sur de Brasil y también en Africa. Un género con 3 especies, las otras de las Antillas Menores y Venezuela. "Icaco", "Tawa".

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    A small (possibly monotypic) genus of shrubby plants with entire coriaceous leaves. Flowers white, in axillary cymes; calyx (hypanthium) perigynous, the lobes 5; petals 5; stamens about 20, hirsute, coherent; ovary sessile at the bottom of the hypanthium; ovules 2; style basal. Fruit a drupe with one bony stone having 5-6 angles.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Inflorescence few-flowered, a short raceme of cymules or cymose throughout, or a false raceme or a subsessile fascicle.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Bracts small, eglandular.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Small or medium-sized trees or shrubs.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Lower leaf-surface glabrous or with a few stiff appressed hairs.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Sepals 5, acute, subequal.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Petals 5, longer than the sepals.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Receptacle-tube cupuliform, interior and exterior puberulous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Styles puberulous; stigma slightly expanded, shallowly 3-lobed.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Drupe small, glabrous; endocarp thin, hard, interior glabrous, exterior smooth, with 4–8 prominent longitudinal ridges corresponding to the lines of fracture that allow the seedling to escape.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Stamens 12–26, forming a complete circle; filaments hairy, c. twice as long as sepals, appearing slightly united at the base.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Ovary monocarpellary, 1-locular, inserted at base of receptacle, covered with a dense mass of hairs.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Flowers actinomorphic.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Stamens 15 or more, all or partly fertile, the filaments usually partly united towards the base, inserted all round the rim of the receptacle

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Carpel single, sessile, inserted at the base of the receptacle

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Calyx-lobes and petals 5

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Fruit drupaceous, with a large stone.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Flowers with a shallow receptacle

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Leaves simple, petiolate, entire; blade with two small basal glands

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Trees or shrubs

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    [Greek chrysos, golden, and balanos, acorn or fruit, alluding to yellow fruits of some individuals of C. icaco]

     Information From

    Chrysobalanaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).