Chelidonium L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 505. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Celandine, greater celandine, rock-poppy, swallowwort, chélidoine [Greek cheilidon, swallow (bird), perhaps from lore reported by Aristotle and others that mother swallows bathe eyes of their young with the sap]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Chelidonium L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000007794. Accessed on: 28 Feb 2020'

General Information

Herbs , biennial or perennial, caulescent, from stout rhizomes or taproots; sap yellow to orange. Stems leafy. Leaves petiolate; basal rosulate, cauline alternate; blade 1-2× pinnately lobed. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, umbelliform, few flowered; bracts present. Flowers: sepals 2, distinct; petals 4; stamens ca. 12-many; pistil 2-carpellate; ovary 1-locular; style ± distinct; stigma 2-lobed. Capsules erect, 2-valved, dehiscing from base. Seeds few to many, arillate. x = 6.

  • Provided by: [A].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs, perennial, erect, blue-gray, yellow lactiferous. Rootstock brown. Stems erect, terete, cymosely branched. Basal leaves in a lax rosette, long petiolate, pinnatisect; lobes obovate-oblong, broadly obovate, or lanceolate, margin crenate, deltoid-lobed, or nearly pinnatisect. Cauline leaves alternate, shortly petiolate; blade like basal leaves. Flowers many, forming axillary umbels, bracteate. Flower buds ovoid. Sepals 2, olivine. Petals 4, yellow, in 2 whorls. Stamens many. Ovary terete, 1-loculed, 2-carpellate, glabrous; styles distinct; stigmas 2-lobed. Capsule narrowly terete, almost moniliform, glabrous, when mature 2 segments divided from base to apex; stigmas persistent. Seeds many, shiny, small, tessellate, cristately carunculate.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    "Sep 2; pet 4, yellow; ovary narrowly cylindric, glabrous, narrowed above into a very short style with 2-lobed stigma; fr smooth, dehiscent from the base upwards by elongate valves; seeds arillate; biennial with saffron-colored juice, deeply lobed lvs, and few-fld umbelliform infls. Monospecific."

  • Provided by: [B].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Celandine, greater celandine, rock-poppy, swallowwort, chélidoine [Greek cheilidon, swallow (bird), perhaps from lore reported by Aristotle and others that mother swallows bathe eyes of their young with the sap]

     Information From

    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • A Flora of North America Association
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • B Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Papaveraceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).