Celtis L.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 1043. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Celtis L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000007143. Accessed on: 26 Jan 2020'

General Information

3. Celtis L.

Mertensia Kunth, Momisia F. Dietr., Sparrea Hunz. et Dottori

Por M. Nee.

Árboles o arbustos, a veces escandentes, polígamos, algunasveces armados con espinas. Hojas alternas, caducas o persistentes, los márgenesenteros o serrados, pinnatinervias y frecuentemente 3-nervias en la base.Inflorescencias axilares, cimosas o las flores pistiladas solitarias. Floresbisexuales generalmente con pedicelos largos; cáliz (4)5-6-partido; estambresgeneralmente 5; estilos 2, simples o bífidos. Frutos en drupas, ovoides aglobosas, el exocarpo delgado, suculento, el endocarpo endurecido; endospermoausente o escaso; embrión curvado; cotiledones anchos, conduplicados. Aprox.100 spp. Regiones tropicales y templadas de ambos hemisferios.

Este género tiene numerosos problemas taxonómicos.Afortunadamente, en Mesoamérica las especies están relativamente biendelimitadas. Los frutos de la mayoría de las especies son comestibles, aunquecon poca pulpa alrededor del endocarpo duro.

Bibliografía: Berg, C.C. y Dahlberg,S.V. Brittonia 53: 66-81 (2001).

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Mesoamericana
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    CELTIS L.; Sparrea Hunz. & Dottori

    Arboles o arbustos, armados o inermes; plantas monoicas o poligamomonoicas. Hojas alternas, dísticas, serradas o enteras, frecuentemente oblicuas en la base, pinnatinervias o palmatinervias, 3-nervias en la base; estípulas laterales, libres. Inflorescencias axilares, generalmente en los brotes del año en curso, inflorescencias masculinas cimosas o fasciculadas, inflorescencias femeninas solitarias, o fasciculadas y con pocas flores; flores pequeñas y generalmente pediceladas, perfectas o unisexuales; sépalos 4–5, unidos en la base; estambres en igual número y opuestos a los lobos del cáliz; ovario sésil, 1-locular; ramas del estilo 2, simples o bífidas; flores masculinas con un pistilodio pequeño; flores femeninas sin estaminodios; receptáculo menuda a densamente piloso. Fruto una drupa ovoide o subglobosa, con un exocarpo delgado y suculento y un endocarpo duro; cotiledones anchos, conduplicados o raramente planos.

    Género con ca 100 especies en las regiones templadas y tropicales de ambos hemisferios; 4 especies se conocen en Nicaragua.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Polygamo-monoecious or monoecious shrubs or trees, unarmed or with spinose branches. Leaves alternate, distichous, often inequilateral, serrate or entire; peti- olate; stipules lateral. Inflorescences borne on this year's wood: staminate inflorescence cymose or fasciculate, pistillate inflorescence solitary or few-flowered fasciculate. Flowers small, pedicellate. Bisexual flowers: sepals 4-5, more or less connate at the base; stamens as many as and opposite the calyx lobes, the anther dehiscence extrorse, disc present; ovary sessile, 1-locular, the styles 2, sometimes united at the base, reflexed. Staminate flowers with rudimentary pistil. Pistillate flowers without staminodes. Fruit an ovoid or subglobose drupe, the embryo curved, the cotyledons broad, conduplicate or rarely flat, variously folded.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
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    Morphology

    Fruit drupaceous, thinly fleshy, sometimes with ribbed endocarp.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Anthers ovate.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 7
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    Ovary sessile; styles often once or twice-branched.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 7
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    Sepals (4)5, ± free, imbricate.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Flowers often precocious, in many small cymes (sometimes fasciculate in non African species), female flowers sometimes in separate inflorescences.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 7
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    Leaves petiolate, lamina usually unequal-sided at the base, penninerved or 3-nerved from the base; cystoliths often present, giving a scabrous texture to the mature leaves; stipules usually small.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Trees or shrubs, monoecious rarely dioecious, unarmed (often armed in non African species).

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Trees or shrubs, monoecious or rarely dioecious, ± armed

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Drupes thinly fleshy, subglobose to ellipsoid; endocarp hard, sometimes ribbed.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Ovary sessile, 1-locular; styles ± 1–2-branched

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Stamens as many as the sepals; anthers ovate

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 8
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    Stipules usually small and caducous

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 8
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    Leaf-blades penninerved or 3–5-nerved from the base, which is often unequal-sided, and with cystoliths, giving a scabrous texture to the mature leaves, often present

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Sepals (4–)5, free or almost so, imbricate

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences cymose or fasciculate, the lower ones usually with many predominantly ♂ flowers, the upper ones with few longer pedicelled ♀, hermaphroditeflowers

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    • 8
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    Habit

    shrub tree

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 12
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    Distribution

    Approximately 75 species, widely distributed in temperate and tropical regions. Only 1 represented in Panama.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
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    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Correll, D. S. and M. C. Johnston. 1970. Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas. Renner, Tex.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
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    • 9
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    Included Species

     Information From

    Cannabaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • H Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).