Celosia L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 205. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Cockscomb [Greek keleos, burning, alluding to color and/or appearance of the inflorescence of C. cristata]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Celosia L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000007136. Accessed on: 18 Feb 2020'

General Information

Shrubs, subshrubs, or annual herbs. Leaves alternate, petiolate; leaf blade ovate to linear, margin entire or nearly so. Inflorescences spicate, terminal or axillary. Flowers perfect; in axils of bracts, subtended by 2 bracteoles. Tepals 5, persistent, erect, spreading, colored, scarious, glabrous. Stamens 5; filaments connate into a cup at base, apical part free, linear; pseudostaminodes absent. Ovary 1-loculed; ovules 2 to many; style 1, persistent; stigma capitate, or 2- or 3-lobed. Utricles thinly walled, ovoid or globose, dehiscent by lid. Seeds black, lenticular.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    • ]. 

    CELOSIA L.

    Hierbas o subarbustos, anuales o perennes, tallos erectos o escandentes, tallos y ramas glabros o pubescentes con tricomas simples, cortos, multicelulares; plantas hermafroditas. Hojas alternas, lanceoladas, elípticas, ovadas o deltoide-panduradas, a menudo conspicuamente decurrentes sobre el pecíolo, generalmente glabras en la haz, dispersa o escasamente pubescentes en el envés con tricomas multicelulares simples; subsésiles o pecioladas. Inflorescencias de espigas, tirsos compactos o alargados o estructuras 1–2 veces ramificadas, semejantes a una panícula, con las flores en espigas terminales cortas y axilares en las ramas exteriores, brácteas lanceoladas, ovadas o deltoides, glabras o frecuentemente ciliadas sólo en el margen, bractéolas más cortas que la flor, lanceoladas, ovadas o deltoides, glabras o escasamente pubescentes en el margen con tricomas simples, subsésiles o en un pedículo corto, cresta ausente, flores solitarias; tépalos 5, lanceolados, subelípticos u ovados, iguales o ligeramente desiguales, libres hasta la base, escariosos y tornándose membranáceos y delgados en el margen o completamente membranáceos, no endurecidos, 1, 3, 5 ó 7-nervios, glabros o muy escasamente pubescentes; estambres 5, filamentos angostamente lineares, gradualmente ensanchados hacia abajo y unidos en una cúpula, lobos de los filamentos ausentes, anteras biloculares; pseudoestaminodios triangulares, mucho más cortos que la parte libre del filamento, o ausentes; ovario multiovulado, estilo alargado o corto y no diferenciado, estigma 2 (3)-lobado, los lobos cortamente redondeado-triangulares o subulados. Fruto un utrículo escarioso, circuncísil; semillas 2–25, lenticulares, reticuladas, tuberculadas o canaliculadas, negras, sin arilo; flores generalmente permaneciendo en la planta en la madurez.

    Género con ca 50 especies distribuidas en las regiones tropicales y subtropicales de ambos hemisferios; 2 especies se encuentran en Nicaragua, una de ellas con 2 variedades.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Flowers perfect, the uppermost occa- sionally sterile, subsessile or short pedicel- late, unibracteate and bibracteolate. Sepals 5, discrete, hypogynous, concave, variously colored, not strongly ribbed. Petals absent. Stamens 5, hypogynous, connate less than half their length forming an appendiculate or exappendiculate tube shorter than the ovary; filaments flattened; anthers 4- locellate, introrse, medially attached. Ovary subglobose to ellipsoid, I -locular, multi-ovulate; o v u 1 e s campylotropous; funicles flattened, exarillate, with free P. central placentation; styles 1; stigmata 2- 3. Fruit a 2- to many-seeded circumscissile capsule; seeds cochleate-orbiculate, dark reddish brown to black, reticulate. Gla- brate or pubescent herbaceous of suffruti- cose perennials or annuals. Leaves alternate, entire, subsessile to petiolate, glabrous or pubescent, lanceolate to rhombic-elliptic, deciduous. Inflorescences of terminal and axillary panicles or spikes, with or without foliar leaves.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Herbs or subshrubs, annual or perennial. Stems erect or clambering-straggling. Leaves alternate, petiolate; blade mostly lanceolate, ovate, or deltate. Inflorescences terminal and often axillary spikes or panicles, often fasciated in cultivated forms, many-flowered. Flowers bisexual; tepals 3-5, distinct, membranous or scarious, usually glabrous; filaments connate basally into cups; anthers 4-locular; pseudostaminodes absent; ovules 3-many; style persistent, 0.2-4 mm; stigmas 2-3, capitate or subulate. Utricles ovoid, membranaceous, dehiscence centrally circumscissile. Seeds (2-)3-many, black, flattened. x = 9.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 14
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    "Fls perfect; sep 5, distinct, erect, scarious, striate; stamens 5, connate at base; ovary subglobose; ovules 2–several; style none to elongate; stigmas capitate or subulate; utricle usually circumscissile at the middle; seeds 2–several, lenticular; annual or perennial herbs, or shrubs in the tropics, with alternate, petiolate, entire or lobed lvs; fls in terminal or axillary spikes or axillary glomerules; commonly white, silvery, or colored. 60, widespread."

  • Provided by: [H].New York Botanical Garden
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    Morphology

    Stamens 5, the filaments fused below into a short cup, the free portions deltoid below and narrow above or more or less swollen below; pseudostaminodes absent but minute blunt intermediate teeth occasionally found; anthers bilocular.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Perianth segments 5, free, all more or less equal.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Annual or perennial herbs, occasionally rather woody at the base, occasionally scandent.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Flowers bibracteolate, in spikes or more generally dense to lax terminal and axillary bracteate thyrses (the uppermost frequently forming a panicle), lateral cymes lax to dense and forming lateral clusters and the inflorescence then spiciform.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, simple, entire or somewhat lobed.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Seeds black, usually strongly compressed and shining, subcircular, feebly to strongly reticulate, grooved, punctate or tuberculate; endosperm present.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Capsule circumcissile, sometimes thickened at the apex.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Ovary with few to numerous ovules (one or two species occasionally with solitary ovules in some ovaries); style distinct and elongate to almost obsolete; stigmas 2–3, circular to filiform.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Stamens 5, the filaments fused below into a short sheath, the free portions deltoid below and filiform above; anthers bilocular

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Ovary with few-many (rarely solitary) ovules; style elongate to almost obsolete; stigmas usually 2–3

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Capsule circumscissile, sometimes thickened above

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Seeds black, usually strongly compressed and shining, roundish, feebly to strongly reticulate, grooved or tuberculate.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, simple, entire or somewhat lobed

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Annual or perennial herbs, sometimes rather woody at the base, occasionally scandent

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Perianth-segments 5, free, equal

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Flowers small, bibracteolate, hermaphrodite, in spikes or more generally dense to lax axillary and terminal bracteate thyrses (the uppermost frequently forming a panicle), lateral cymes lax to dense and forming sessile clusters, the inflorescence then spiciform

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A large genus of some fifty species, this seems to have reached its best development in subtropical regions of America, Africa and Asia. Only one species, the cultivated cockscomb, is so far reported from Panama.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Grant, W. F. 1961. Speciation and basic chromosome number in the genus Celosia. Canad. J. Bot. 39: 45-50. Grant, W. F. 1962. Speciation and nomenclature in the genus Celosia. Canad. J. Bot. 40: 1355-1363.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Cockscomb [Greek keleos, burning, alluding to color and/or appearance of the inflorescence of C. cristata]

     Information From

    Amaranthaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • H Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • I Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).