Capparis L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 503. 1753. (1 May 1753)

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Capparis L. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 30 May 2020'

General Information

Shrubs, small trees, or vines, evergreen, erect, climbing, or sometimes prostrate. New branches often with branched or simple trichomes, glabrescent or sometimes with persistent trichomes; branchlet base sometimes with subulate scales (cataphylls). Stipular spines straight or curved, sometimes absent. Leaves alternate, spirally arranged or distichous [or secund], simple, petiolate or sometimes subsessile; leaf blade herbaceous to leathery, margin entire. Inflorescences superaxillary, axillary, or terminal, racemes, corymbs, umbels, or panicles, sometimes reduced to a single flower but usually 2-10-flowered; bract usually present at base of pedicels but often caducous. Sepals 4, in 2 whorls; sepals of outer whorl often thick, often inwardly concave or becoming navicular, covering other flower parts, sometimes basal one becoming saccate; sepals of inner whorl often thin, ± equal. Petals 4, imbricate, often 2 pairs roughly similar; anterior pair of petals distinct, clawless or sometimes clawed; posterior pair of petals with lateral margins adhering, base asymmetric, margin revolute or rarely inner lateral margin involute from base to near middle, base fully covering disk; petals sometimes all 4 ± equal, distinct. Stamens 7-120. Gynophore ± as long as filaments, scarcely lengthening in fruit but often becoming thicker, sclerified; ovary 1-loculed; placentae 2-6(-8); ovules few to many; style short or obsolete; stigma sessile. Fruit baccate, globose or ellipsoid, often with different color when mature or dry, usually not dehiscent. Seeds 1 to numerous per fruit, reniform to nearly polygonal; embryo bent.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 


    Arbustos a árboles, glabros o pubescentes con tricomas lepidoto-peltados, estrellados, equinoides, y/o cortos y simples; plantas hermafroditas. Hojas simples o 1-folioladas, enteras; pecíolos cortos a largos, a veces con pulvínulos basales y apicales; estípulas diminutas escamiformes o ausentes. Inflorescencias racemosas, corimbosas, corimboso-paniculadas compuestas o las flores solitarias y axilares, brácteas, cuando presentes, diminutas, caducas, flores actinomorfas a zigomorfas; sépalos 4, libres, valvados, imbricados o abiertos en la yema, iguales o en 2 series desiguales, frecuentemente envolviendo a un disco carnoso o cada uno abrazando a una glándula nectarífera escamiforme; pétalos convoluto-imbricados o abiertos en la yema, iguales o a veces desiguales; estambres 6 a más de 200, los filamentos adheridos en un androginóforo muy corto, discoide o cónico; pistilo generalmente sobre un ginóforo delgado, corto a alargado (en la especies nicaragüenses), las 2 placentas con pocos a numerosos óvulos campilótropos. Fruto una silicua carnosa linear-cilíndrica a obovoide o una baya más o menos esférica, exocarpo coriáceo suave a duro, dehiscente o tardíamente dehiscente a indehiscente, ginóforo delgado a grueso o esencialmente sésil; semillas 1 a numerosas, generalmente más o menos cocleado-reniformes (rectas sólo en una forma de C. incana), ariladas o sin arilo, a veces con una sarcotesta fibrosa fusionada, cotiledones generalmente muy convolutos.

    Un género tropical con ca 50 taxones en el Nuevo Mundo y ca 110 taxones en el Viejo Mundo, divisible en varios grupos claramente definidos; 12 especies se conocen en Nicaragua y 2 adicionales se esperan encontrar.

    P.C. Standley. Additions and corrections. In: Fl. Costa Rica. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 18: 1539–1569. 1938.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or trees, glabrous, lepidote, or pubescent with stellate or simple hairs; leaves usually alternate, stipulate or exstipulate, the blade simple, sometimes sub- tended by a more or less definite petiolar pulvinus; inflorescence various, usually several- to many-flowered, bracteate; sepals 4, free or somewhat united at the base, valvate, imbricate, or open in the bud, equal or in 2 unequal series, usually sub- tending a fleshy or membranaceous disc gland; petals 4, equal or somewhat un- equal, imbricate or open in the bud; stamens few to over 100, the filaments inserted on a discoid or cylindrical androphore; pistil 1-celled in the Panamanian species, with 2 parietal placentas bearing few to many campylotropous ovules, borne upon a short or elongate gynophore; fruit a fleshy silique, tardily dehiscent or indehiscent.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • 5
    • ]. 


    Shrubs trees

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).