Campanula L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 163. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Campanula L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000006381. Accessed on: 19 Oct 2020'

General Information

Herbs, perennial, with long horizontal rhizomes or with short caudexes and thickened ± fleshy roots; less often annual. Basal leaves sometimes rosulate; cauline leaves all alternate. Flowers solitary and terminal, or in cymes; cymes paniculate or capitellate, later subtended by an involucre. Calyx adnate to ovary; lobes 5, sometimes with an appendage between lobes. Corolla campanulate, tubular-campanulate, or funnelform, sometimes subrotate, 5-lobed. Filaments dilated; anthers coherent or rarely connate. Disk absent. Ovary inferior, 3-5-locular. Capsules dehiscent by lateral, upper or lower pores, crowned by persistent calyx lobes. Seeds numerous, ellipsoid, smooth.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    "Sep 5; cor regular, campanulate or funnelform to rotate, valvate in bud, 5-lobed, in our sp. blue to violet or white; stamens attached to the very base of the cor; filaments widened at base; anthers distinct; ovary 3- or 5-locular with numerous ovules and elongate style; fr short, usually strongly ribbed, opening by 3 or 5 lateral pores. 300, chiefly N. Temp. and Arctic."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Annual, biennial or perennial herbs, rarely subshrubs, glabrous or hairy

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Capsule dehiscing by lateral pores or valves

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Seeds numerous, ± elliptic in outline.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Stamens 5, free; filaments usually dilated and ciliate at the base

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Ovary ± inferior, 3–5-locular; ovules numerous; style eglandular, with pollen-collecting hairs in the upper part, lower part glabrous or hairy; lobes 3–5

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Inflorescences panicle-, raceme-, spike- or head-like, or flowers solitary

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, simple

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Corolla campanulate to almost rotate or cylindrical, ± deeply 5-lobed

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Calyx-lobes usually 5, sometimes with reflexed appendages in between them

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Included Species

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Campanulaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).