Cabomba Aubl.
  • Hist. Pl. Guiane 1: 321, pl. 124. 1775. (Jun-Dec 1775)
  • Fanwort [probably an aboriginal name]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Cabomba Aubl. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000005869. Accessed on: 23 Feb 2020'

General Information

Plants with young vegetative parts often rust-colored pubescent, barely mucilaginous. Leaves submersed and floating, short to long petiolate. Submersed leaves conspicuous, basal to apical on stem throughout vegetative period; leaf blade cordate in outline, palmately dissected into dichotomously (trichotomously) branched segments. Floating leaves inconspicuous, alternate, apical on stem only during flowering; leaf blade linear-elliptic or rarely hastate, peltate, base entire or notched. Flowers entomophilous, short pedunculate; perianth showy. Sepals petaloid, obovate. Petals oval, base auriculate. Stamens 3--6, opposite petals. Pistils (1 or)2--4; ovules (1--)3(--5); stigmas capitate. Fruit long pyriform, apically tapered. Seeds ovoid (to subglobose), tuberculate.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Herbs , young vegetative parts often with rust-colored pubescence, barely mucilaginous. Leaves submersed and floating; petiole short to long. Submersed leaves: blade in 3-7 dichotomously [trichotomously] branched, linear segments. Floating leaves: blade terminal, linear-elliptic [broadly elliptic], margins entire or notched at base, appearing only during flowering, inconspicuous [more evident in C . aquatica , a tropical species]. Flowers: sepals 3, petaloid, obovate; petals 3, oval, with proximal, yellow, nectar-bearing auricles, base clawed; stamens 3-6, opposite petals; pistils [1-]2-4, simple, 1-locular; ovules [1-]3[-5]; stigma capitate. Fruits elongate-pyriform, tapered to apex. Seeds ovoid [somewhat globose], tuberculate. x = 13.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    CABOMBA Aubl.

    Rizomas cortos, simpódicos, produciendo varios tallos erectos. Hojas flotantes inconspicuas (excepto en C. aquatica Aubl.), terminales, alternas, opuestas u opuestas a las hojas sumergidas, presentes solamente junto con las flores, láminas lineares a ampliamente elípticas, cuando angostas ahusadas en uno o ambos extremos, peltadas o con seno basal; hojas sumergidas opuestas o verticiladas, pecíolos hasta 4 cm de largo, láminas palmatisectas, con 3–7 segmentos principales lineares, éstos con ramificaciones dicotómicas o tricotómicas. Flores emergentes, hasta 12 mm de largo cuando en yema, blancas a rosado-moradas o amarillas; sépalos 3; pétalos 3, auriculados o abruptamente adelgazados en la base; estambres 3–6, extrorsos; carpelos 1–4, cada uno atenuado hasta un estilo corto y un estigma terminal y esférico, óvulos 1–5. Frutos ovoides, ahusados hacia el ápice; semillas 1–5.

    Género con 6 ó 7 especies distribuidas desde el este de los Estados Unidos hasta Argentina; 2 especies se encuentran en Nicaragua y una tercera se espera encontrar.

    J.H. Wiersema. A new species of Cabomba from Tropical America. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 76: 1167–1168. 1989.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Mostly submerged, slender, caulescent and rhizomatous, mucilaginous, aquatic herbs. Leaves monomorphic to polymorphic; submerged leaves opposite or ternate, long-petiolate, the blades dissected into 5-9 trichotomizing or dichotomizing seg- ments, the ultimate divisions more or less linear; floating leaves when present alternate, peltate, bifurcate, linear-elliptic to ovate. Flowers trimerous, perfect, cyclic, hypogynous, solitary on long axillary pedicels, ultimately floating, white to yellow or purple; sepals 3, slightly connate at the base; petals 3, slightly connate at the base, unguiculate, often auriculate; stamens 3-6, the filaments slender, the oblong anthers extrorse; carpels 1-4, free, each with 3 pendulous ovules, the styles longer than the capitate stigmata. Fruiting carpels diverging, each usually with 3 seeds, the seeds elongate, with hygroscopic processes, the embryo surrounded by a small layer of endosperm and a copious perisperm.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    "Sep and pet similar, both petaloid; stamens 3–6; anthers extrorse; pistils 3–6; principal lvs opposite, palmately finely dissected, submersed; some small, alternate lvs with floating, entire, peltate blade usually also present. 7, New World."

  • Provided by: [F].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Habit

    herbs

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    As revised by Fassett (in Castanea 18: 116. 1953), this New World genus consists of seven species, of which only the following is known to occur in Panama.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Fassett, N. C. 1953. A monograph of Cabomba. Castanea 13: 116-128. O/rgaard, M. 1991. The genus Cabomba (Cabombaceae)--A taxonomic study. Nordic J. Bot. 11: 179-203.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Fanwort [probably an aboriginal name]

     Information From

    Cabombaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • F Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).