Burmannia L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 287. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • [For Johannes Burman, 1707–1779, Dutch botanist]


This taxon is accepted by Burmanniaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Plants annual, autotrophic, at least partly green. Rhizomes absent. Roots filiform. Stems usually unbranched, green. Leaves cauline, sometimes basal, green, purplish, or pale, scalelike to linear. Inflorescences 2–25-flowered cymes or flowers solitary; floral bracts sometimes appearing imbricate if internodes of cyme rachis are very short; pedicels 0–1 mm. Flowers erect, 3-ribbed to 3-winged; perianth persistent in fruit; annulus absent; stamens 3, proximal to inner perianth lobes, sessile; ovary 3-locular; placentation axile. Capsules obovoid to ellipsoid, transversely dehiscent.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    1. Burmannia L.

    Vogelia J. Gmelin, Tripterella Michaux f., Gyrotheca sensu Morong (1893), non Salisb.

    Por P.J.M. Maas y H. Maas-van de Kamer.

    Hierbas autótrofas, terrestres o raramente epífitas. Rizoma ausente. Hojas pequeñas y escuamiformes, a veces relativamente grandes especialmente cerca de la base del tallo y a veces arrosetadas. Inflorescencia una cima bifurcada, laxa a capitada, con 1 a numerosas flores. Flores erectas, tubulares. Tépalos externos enteros, los márgenes involutos. Tépalos internos más pequeños que los externos. Tubo floral sin alas a ampliamente 3-alado. Anteras 3, sésiles; conectivo con apéndices diversos. Estilo 3-ramificado en el ápice, cada rama con un estigma 2-labiado. Ovario 3-locular, trígono, con placentación axial; 3 nectarios septales a veces presentes. Cápsula coronada por el perianto persistente; dehiscencia transversal por varias hendiduras en la pared del fruto, o irregular por el marchitamiento de la pared membranácea entre las costillas. Semillas elipsoides. Aprox. 30 spp. S. Estados Unidos, Centroamérica a Perú, Paraguay, Argentina y SE. Brasil, Antillas, Asia tropical, África tropical.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 16
    • 1
    • ]. 

    BURMANNIA L.

    Burmannia capitata (Walter ex J.F. Gmel.) Mart., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl. 1: 12. 1823; Vogelia capitata Walter ex J.F. Gmel.

    Hierbas verdes, 4–23 cm de alto; rizoma ausente; tallos mayormente no ramificados. Hojas subuladas a angostamente ovadas, 1.6–9.3 mm de largo y 0.4–2 mm de ancho, ápice agudo a mayormente acuminado, hojas basales arrosetadas. Inflorescencia capitada, con 1–numerosas flores, subsésiles; flores erectas, tubulares, 2.5–6 mm de largo, blanquecinas; tubo floral 0.7–1.5 mm de largo, provisto de 3 costillas longitudinales; tépalos exteriores deltados, 0.5–0.9 mm de largo, márgenes involutos, tépalos internos más pequeños que los exteriores; anteras sésiles, conectivo apendiculado; estigmas bilabiados, ovario 3-locular. Cápsula erecta, obovoide a elipsoide, 1.3–2.9 mm de largo y 0.9–2 mm de ancho, blanca a amarilla, dehiscencia por hendeduras transversales; semillas 0.2–0.4 mm de largo y 0.1 mm de ancho.

    Común en sabanas abiertas muy húmedas y en playas, en la zona atlántica; 0–500 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Stevens 7752, 19613; sur de los Estados Unidos hasta Argentina, Paraguay y sur de Brasil, también en las Antillas. Un género pantropical con ca 60 especies, 20 de la cuales se encuentran en América tropical. Una especie más, B. flava Mart., que se encuentra desde el sur de los Estados Unidos hasta Paraguay, posiblemente se encuentre en Nicaragua; tiene flores amarillentas, aladas, en una inflorescencia laxa con 1–2 flores.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
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    Plantas autótrofas (en CR), terrestres, rara vez epífitas. Hojasverdes, pequeñas a grandes, como escamas o más conspicuas. Infl.una cima bifurcada, cada cincino laxo a capitado, con pocas a muchasfls. Fls. actinomorfas, tubulares; tubo floral longitudinalmente 3-alado, desde la cima de éste hasta la base del ovario (rara vez noalado); tépalos 6, enteros, los 3 externos más largos que los internos;estambres 3, erectos; ovario trilocular. Frs. dehiscentes por ranurastransversales.

  • Provided by: [E].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
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    • ]. 

    Herbs, annual or perennial, mycotrophic, semi-mycotrophic, or autotrophic, sometimes rhizomatous. Stems simple, rarely branched. Basal leaves in a distinct rosette; cauline leaves bractlike, small. Flowers solitary or in terminal cymes. Perianth tube actinomorphic, cylindric or trigonous, with 3 lateral wings or sometimes wings absent, without annulus at tube mouth; tepals generally 6, apically distinct; outer tepals larger than inner, unlobed; inner tepals often minute, occasionally lacking. Stamens 3, sessile or subsessile on perianth tube; connective with 0-2 apical and 0 or 1 basal appendages. Ovary trigonous, 3-loculed, with axile placentation; stigmas 2-labiate to funnel-shaped. Fruit capsular, with persistent perianth, dehiscence generally irregular.

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Annual or perennial, autotrophic or saprophytic herbs, the saprophytic species often colorless; stem simple or branched, beset with scale-like leaves, in the non- saprophytic species usually with a rosette of linear leaves at the base; flowers solitary or in groups at the top of the stem or in dense terminal cymose or head- like inflorescences; perianth limb usually consisting of 6 lobes, the outer 3 being much larger, inner ones often minute, tube cylindrical-trigonous; anthers 3, sub- sessile in the perianth throat below the inner lobes; style filiform, branching at the top into 3 short branches, each bearing a stigma; ovary trigonous, 3-celled, placentas axile; in most species ovary and perianth tube prominently 3-winged, although not in those of Panama; ovary crowned by the persistent, dried perianth, dehiscing irregularly; seeds many, oblong or ellipsoid.

    • Provided by: [I].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
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      Morphology

      Perianth regular, blue, white, or rarely yellow; tube cylindric or trigonous, prominently 3-angled, winged, ridged or not; tepals 3 or 6, persistent; inner tepals smaller than triangular outer tepals, or lacking

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
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      Stamens 3, in the perianth-tube below the inner tepals, sessile or subsessile, basifixed; thecae globose or clavate, dehiscing transversely; connective with entire or forked to bilobed crest above and sometimes with basal spur

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 14
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      Ovary 3-locular, with axil placentas, often 3-winged with the perianth; style entire or shortly 3-lobed, equal to the perianth-tube; stigma terminal on style or style-branches

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
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      Capsule 3-angled or 3-winged, crowned by persistent perianth, dehiscing irregularly by slits between the wings

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
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      Erect annual or perennial herbs, saprophytic or not, usually unbranched, green or not, 3-40 cm. high

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 14
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      Stems with small alternate colourless scale-like leaves

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 14
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      Basal leaves usually minute, lanceolate, scale-like, up to 2 mm. long, or a basal rosette of larger, linear, imbricate green leaves, sometimes very few in number

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 14
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      Inflorescence terminal, sometimes a single flower, or a dense cyme of 2-30 flowers

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 14
      • ]. 

      Seeds ellipsoid, oblong or subglobose; testa thin, reticulate or striate, usually adpressed.

    • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 14
      • ]. 

      Included Species

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      [For Johannes Burman, 1707–1779, Dutch botanist]

       Information From

      Burmanniaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora of North America @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
      'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • C Flora of North America Association
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
      Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
      • E Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • F
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • G Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • H Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora de Panama
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • I Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • J CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).