Brassia R. Br.
  • Hortus Kew. 5: 215. 1813. (Nov 1813)
  • Spider orchid [for William Brass, an eighteenth-century British botanical illustrator and collector]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Brassia R. Br. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000005343. Accessed on: 13 Nov 2019'

General Information

BRASSIA R. Br.

Epífitas o terrestres, pequeñas hasta grandes, rizoma corto o con menos frecuencia alargado y rastrero; tallos secundarios generalmente engrosados en pseudobulbos subgloboso-ovoides, oblongo-ovoides hasta cilíndricos, generalmente 1–3-foliados (raras veces 4-foliados) apicalmente, lateralmente revestidos con varias vainas imbricadas con limbos foliares. Hojas y limbos de las vainas generalmente bastante angostos, conduplicados. Inflorescencias racimos o raras veces panículas, erectas o encorvadas, paucifloras a multifloras, emergiendo de la base de los pseudobulbos o de las axilas de las hojas, las flores generalmente grandes y vistosas, las brácteas generalmente mucho más cortas que los ovarios pedicelados; sépalos libres y patentes, angostamente lanceolados a linear-lanceolados, angostamente acuminados hasta caudados, todos aproximadamente de igual longitud o los sépalos laterales mucho más largos que el dorsal; pétalos similares al sépalo dorsal o más pequeños que éste; labelo patente, simple o inconspicuamente 3-lobado, más corto que los sépalos, sésil, disco con 1 callo longitudinalmente 2-laminado, 2-carinado o surcado, a veces piloso o verrugoso-glanduloso; columna corta y erecta, sin alas ni pie, longitudinalmente acanalada en la cara anterior, clinandro con el borde más o menos truncado, antera terminal, operculada, incumbente, 1-locular o imperfectamente 2-locular, polinios 2, cartilaginosos. Cápsulas elipsoides, obovoides o cilíndricas.

Género neotropical con ca 35 especies distribuidas desde Estados Unidos (Florida) y México hasta Brasil, Perú y Bolivia; 3 especies en Nicaragua.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Epífitas, cespitosas; pseudobulbos oblongos a ovoides, ± comprimidos, con 1–3 hojas terminales. Hojasconduplicadas, estrechas basalmente. Infl. lateral, erecta, racemosa. Fls. resupinadas; sépalos y pétalos estre-chos, acuminados; labelo simple, con un callo basal prominente; columna sin alas; antera operculada; polinios2, con viscidio y estípite.

  • Provided by: [C].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Herbs, epiphytic, ± cespitose. Stems either reduced and covered with sheathing bracts or elongate with prominent, single-noded pseudobulb. Leaves 1(–2) per sympodium, from apex of pseudobulb, often with 1–3 short foliaceous bracts subtending single-noded pseudobulb; blade conduplicate, oblong-lanceolate, dorsiventrally flattened, margins entire. Inflorescences lateral, racemes; bracts narrowly triangular. Flowers: sepals and petals distinct and free, long, attenuate-caudate; lip unlobed; callus prominent, 2-lamellate; column without appendages, footless; stigmatic cavity ± round; rostellum not prominent. Fruits capsules.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Erect, epiphytic herbs with short stems usually thickened into conspicuous pseudobulbs that are infrequently rudimentary and inconspicuous or rarely entirely absent, the 1-3 leaves at the apex enveloped in several foliaceous or papery bracts, the conduplicate leaf bases distichously imbricating and forming a broad or narrow fan. Inflorescences 1-2 erect or arching, few- to many-flowered racemes produced from the bases of the pseudobulbs or concurrently with the flush of new growth, or, if the plants are pseudobulbless, from the axils of the leaves. Flowers usually large and conspicuous, subtended by small and inconspicuous, or elongate spath- aceous bracts. Sepals free, spreading, narrowly acuminate or caudate, sometimes of about equal length but more frequently with the lateral sepals conspicuously longer. Petals subequal to the dorsal sepal or smaller. Lip entire or obscurely 3-lobed, spreading, shorter than the sepals, the base sessile and adnate to the base of the column, the disk usually bilamellate. Column short, erect, without wings or appendages, the clinandrium scarcely prominent, usually truncate. Anther terminal, operculate, incumbent, 1-celled or imperfectly 2-celled; pollinia 2, waxy.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Kooser, R. G. and G. C. Kennedy. 1979. The genus Brassia R. Brown section Eubrassia Lindley. Orchid Digest 43: 164–172. Williams, N. H. 1972. A reconsideration of Ada and the glumaceous brassias. Brittonia 24: 93–110.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Spider orchid [for William Brass, an eighteenth-century British botanical illustrator and collector]

     Information From

    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • A Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Orchidaceae
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).