Bixa L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 512. 1753. (1 May 1753)


This taxon is accepted by Bixaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Morphological characters and geographic distribution are the same as those of the family.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    BIXA L.

    Bixa orellana L., Sp. Pl. 512. 1753; B. upatensis Ram. Goyena.

    Arboles o arbustos, 2–10 m de alto. Hojas enteras, ovado-triangulares, agudas a acuminadas, glabras o densamente lepidotas en el envés. Panículas terminales, flores actinomorfas, 4–7 cm de ancho; pétalos obovados, emarginados, rosados o blancos; ovario 1-locular, con 2 placentas parietales. Cápsula erecta, muy variable en tamaño y forma, oblongo ovoide a globosa o reniforme, 1.5–4.5 cm de largo, aguda o acuminada en el ápice, densa a escasamente cubierta de espinas largas o cortas, a veces casi lisa; semillas obovoide-angulares, ca 5 mm de largo, con densas papilas rojo-anaranjadas.

    Común en bosques secos a húmedos, bosques de galería y pastizales, ampliamente cultivada en todo el país y escapada de cultivo; 0–1200 m; fl oct–dic, fr dic–jul; Araquistain 2946, Sandino 3772; nativa de América tropical, en la actualidad distribuida en todos los trópicos. La variación de esta especie aún no ha sido evaluada por completo, esporádicamente se encuentran formas con cápsulas sin espinas que pueden ser clasificadas como B. orellana var. leiocarpa (Kuntze) Standl. & L.O. Williams y aquellas con flores y cápsulas más pequeñas y menos semillas como la variedad putativamente primitiva, B. orellana var. urucurana (Willd.) Kuntze ex Pilg. Bixa upatensis probablemente pertenece a la última. El género es generalmente considerado como monotípico. El tinte que se obtiene de las semillas es comercialmente importante. "Achiote".

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or small trees, with reddish-orange sap. Leaves alternate, long-petio- late, stipulate, the blade simple, palminerved. Inflorescences terminal, paniculate. Flowers X, actinomorphic; pedicel bearing 5 conspicuous glands below the calyx; sepals 5, distinct, imbricate, fugacious; petals 5, distinct, imbricate, white or pink, fugacious; stamens oc, distinct, inserted on a thick receptacle, the anthers 2-thecate, hippocrepiform, apically dehiscent by 2 narrow slits; pollen 3-colporate, the sexine reticulate or striate-reticulate; gynoecium with 2 syncarpous carpels, the ovary superior, 1-locular, with 2 parietal placentae, the ovules cc, anatropous, the style simple, the stigma shortly 2-lobulate. Fruits capsular, loculicidally 2-valvate, the pericarp densely covered with flexible spines to nearly unarmed; seeds numerous, with fleshy, reddish testa, the endosperm copious, the embryo straight.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Characters of the family.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Characters of the family.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Characters of the family.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Habit

    shrub, tree

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    A small genus with only one species in Panama and Central America.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Bixaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • E
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • H The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • I CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).