Female flowers: ovary inferior surmounted by a fleshy disk; disk flat, concave or convex, sometimes appearing as a simple extension of the style; style short, thick, conical or cylindrical; stigma capitate, the stigmatic surface hemispherical or a subapical annular ring.
Male flowers: stamen filaments connate into a tube about a central column (pistillode); pistillode (and gynandroecial column) expanded apically into a disk (pileus) fringed with papillae; anthers sessile, 1–several-seriate below the pileus rim.
Berry globose, surrounded by persistent bracts and perianth segments.
Perianth segments 4–12, free, similar to the bracts, imbricate, persistent, enclosing an annular disk at the base.
Small parasites of trees in the family Leguminosae, vegetatively much reduced, only the flowers emerging on the smaller branches of the host.
Flowers numerous, involucrate, globose, ovoid or ellipsoid, unisexual by abortion.
Female flowers: ovary half-inferior, surrounded by the fleshy disk; style short, thick, conical or cylindrical with subglobose capitate stigma; ovules parietal
Berry globose, surrounded by the persistent bracts and tepals.
Male flowers: staminal filaments joined into a tube around the pistillode which is apically expanded into a cap usually fringed with papillae; anthers 10 or ± 30, in 1–2 rows on the staminal tube below the cap; disk 4–6-angled
Flowers globose, ovoid or ellipsoid, unisexual; outer 3 bract-like tepals broadly ovate or ± semicircular, free, imbricate, persistent; inner tepals ovate or elliptic, persistent
Buds subglobose, at first covered with entire hemispherical grey-brown ± scaly involucre, which breaks irregularly to form either 3 ‘bracts’ or is ± circumscissile leaving a cup 3–4 mm. wide; flowers usually 1 within each ‘bud’ but occasionally 2 or even 3 ( fide Welwitsch)