Basella L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 272. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Basella L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000004171. Accessed on: 29 Oct 2020'

General Information

Herbs twining, annual or biannual. Spikes axillary; rachis long, thick. Bracts minute. Bracteoles and urceolate perianth adnate, ovoid or oblong, opening very little in anthesis, fleshy and enclosing the fruit after flowering. Flowers sessile; perianth segments short, fleshy, blunt, ridged on back, hardly opening at anthesis, not wing-shaped in fruit. Stamens included; filaments inserted near apex of perianth tube, very short, erect in bud; anthers dorsifixed, or versatile. Styles 3; stigmas linear. Utricle globose, fleshy. Embryo spiral; cotyledons large, thin.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    1. Basella L.

    Por K. Sidwell.

    Tallos puberulentos cuando jóvenes. Hojas subsésiles a pecioladas, ovadas a anchamente ovadas, los márgenes enteros. Inflorescencias en espigas, axilares o terminales; bractéolas triangulares. Flores bisexuales, carnosas, sésiles, apenas abiertas en la antesis; sépalos elíptico-ovados, libres, sin una carina inflada; pétalos elípticos a ovados, fusionados por 1-2 mm en un tubo corto; estambres erectos, los filamentos fusionados a los pétalos y connatos en un tubo estaminal corto, angostándose en el ápice, las anteras ovales; ovario globoso; estilos libres, con una superficie estigmática en la mitad distal. Fruto con un perianto carnoso, persistente. 5 spp., 4 en el E. y SE. de África y Madagascar, la otra especie pantropical y ampliamente cultivada.

    El único especie en Mesoamérica es Basella alba.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
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    bearing. Leaves alternate, sessile or short, fleshy, entire. Inflorescences terminal or axillary spikes, lax or erect, crowded or open, the rachis thick or thin, the flowers sessile or pedicellate; bracteate; bracteoles 2, enclosing the base of the flower. Flowers with 5 sepals basally united, imbricate, urceolate, somewhat fleshy, pink, red, or white; stamens 5, the filaments short, straight in bud, inserted on the sepals, basally broadened, the anthers dorsifixed, extrorse, dehiscing longitudi- nally; ovary sessile, 1-locular but sometimes partly partitioned, the styles slender, 3. Fruit purple black, baccate, the perianth parts colored, succulent, and enclos- ing the ovary and the seed; seed subglobose, the embryo spiral or folded.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
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    Herbs or vines, stems sometimes thick and succulent, glabrous; roots not tuber

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
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    Morphology

    Bracteoles 2 connate into cup appressed to perianth.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Perianth fleshy.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ovary ovoid, free.

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    Styles 3 or 1 deeply trifid.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stigmas linear.

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    Fruit globose, membranous.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Embryo spirally twisted.

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    Flowers hermaphrodite.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Stems long, branching.

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    Leaves petiolate, entire.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Inflorescence of axillary spikes or panicles of spikes.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Fruit membranous, one-seeded

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Seed globose; embryo spiral; endosperm scanty.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens 5, inserted near the top of the perianth-tube

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Ovary ovoid, free; styles 3, or 1 deeply trifid or obsolete; stigmas 3, linear

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Perianth urceolate or wide open, fleshy; lobes 5, short, incurved, or almost free and spreading

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Bracteoles 2, united into a 2-lipped cup adnate to the perianth

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Flowers hermaphrodite, sessile, white or coloured, in axillary spikes or panicles of spikes

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Leaves alternate; lamina ovate, entire

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Twining subsucculent herbs with long much-branched stems

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Habit

    Herbs or vines

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
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    Distribution

    Basella is an Old World genus of 5 species, one of which is widely cultivated in the tropics for food and has escaped and naturalized in parts of the New World.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
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     Information From

    Basellaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).