Asparagus L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 313. 1753. (1 May 1753)
  • Asparagus-fern, asperge, espárrago [Greek asparasso, to rip, alluding to the spiny leaves of some species]


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Asparagus L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000003280. Accessed on: 01 Apr 2020'

General Information

ASPARAGUS L.

Hierbas o subarbustos, rizomatosos con raíces tuberosas o fibrosas, erectas o trepadoras. Hojas alternas, reducidas, escariosas, a menudo con un espolón basal, las hojas verdaderas con cladodios verdes solitarios o fasciculados en las axilas. Inflorescencia axilar o terminal, racemosa, umbelada, de una flor solitaria o de flores fasciculadas, pedicelo articulado, flores actinomorfas; tépalos 6 en 2 verticilos de 3, libres o brevemente connados en la base, todos semejantes, blanquecinos o verdosos; estambres 6, filamentos adnados en la base a los tépalos, anteras dorsifijas, introrsas, longitudinalmente dehiscentes, casi tan largas como los filamentos; ovario súpero, 3-locular, óvulos varios en cada lóculo, estilo solitario, terminal, estigma 3-lobado o estilo dividido en 3 ramas estigmáticas. Fruto una baya globosa o raramente ovoide, generalmente roja, a veces negra o café; semillas 1 a varias.

Un género con 200–300 especies de Siberia a Sudáfrica, con una especie ampliamente cultivada como verdura y varias especies ornamentales cultivadas; 3 especies cultivadas se conocen en Nicaragua.

J.P. Jessop. The genus Asparagus in southern Africa. Bothalia 9: 31–96. 1966.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Hierbas arbustivas o escandentes, dioicas o hermafroditas, rizomatosas; tallos aéreos herbáceos o leñosos, con fascículos de ramitas (cladodios) filiformes o agujiformes (CR spp.), verdes, que parecenhojas. Hojas verdaderas simples, alternas, reducidas, secas, escamiformes o espiniformes. Infls. terminales oaxilares, de 1–3 fls. fasciculadas (CR spp.), desde pedicelos articulados, delgados (CR spp.). Fls. unisexualeso bisexuales, actinomorfas; miembros del perianto (tépalos) 6, separados o basalmente fusionados, similares,como pétalos, blanquecinos o verdosos; estambres 6, separados; anteras dorsifijas; pistilo 1, compuesto; ovariosúpero, trilocular; óvulos 2–12 por lóculo; placentación axilar; estilo 1, corto; estigma capitado o trilobado. Fr.una baya globosa, roja o negruzca; semillas 1–4 (CR spp.), con una testa fitomelanosa negruzca.

  • Provided by: [F].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Herbs perennial or subshrubs, dioecious or hermaphroditic, usually with short rhizomes. Main stems erect or climbing, generally branched, with cladodes (leaflike stems) in axils of main stems and branches. Cladodes borne in clusters, rarely solitary, green, flat, 3-angled, or subterete. Leaves appressed to stem, not green, scalelike, base spurred, spurs often extended into spines. Inflorescence an axillary cluster of flowers, rarely a solitary flower, sometimes a raceme or umbel. Pedicel articulate, subtended by membranous bracteoles. Perianth campanulate or subglobose; segments free or occasionally connate at base. Stamens 6; filaments usually adnate to perianth segments in varying degrees; anthers dorsifixed. Ovary 3-loculed; ovules few per locule. Fruit a berry. Seeds 1 to few.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Herbs, shrubs, or vines, perennial, from rhizomes, usually with fusiform tubers, often with fernlike appearance. Stems photosynthetic, erect, spreading or climbing, branched; cladophylls solitary or fasciculate, in nodes of reduced, scarious leaves. Leaves small, scale-like, membranous, or sometimes spiny with hardened base, subtending cladophylls. Inflorescences axillary or terminal, racemose, or umbellate, paired or solitary; racemes short. Flowers bisexual or unisexual; perianth greenish, white, or yellowish, campanulate to rotate; tepals 6, distinct or shortly connate basally, equal; stamens 6, distinct, equal; anthers versatile, 2-locular, dehiscence introrse; ovary superior, 3-locular, septal nectaries present; style 3-branched distally; pedicel with conspicuous joint. Fruits baccate, red or purplish black, globose, often with tepals persisting at base. Seeds 1–6, black, globose to angular. x = 10.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Besides the above indigenous species, A.sprengeri Regel, from Natal, and A. plumosus Bak., from E. Africa, are cultivated as ornamental plants.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCES

    Cooney-Sovetts, C. and R. Sattler. 1986. Phylloclade development in the Asparagaceae: An example of homoeosis. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 94: 327–371. Jessop, J. P. 1966. The genus Asparagus in southern Africa. Bothalia 9: 31–96. Malcomber, S. T. and Sebsebe D. 1993. The status of Protasparagus and Myrsiphyllum in the Asparagaceae. Kew Bull. 48: 63–78.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Included Species

    Other Local Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Asparagus-fern, asperge, espárrago [Greek asparasso, to rip, alluding to the spiny leaves of some species]

     Information From

    Asparagaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    https://www.iucnredlist.org/
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • I See IUCN Terms and conditions of use http://www.iucnredlist.org/info/terms-of-use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    https://www.iucn.org/
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • J All Rights Reserved