Areca L.
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 1189. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Areca L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000002953. Accessed on: 05 Dec 2019'

General Information

Stems solitary or clustered, tall to short or subterranean, ringed with conspicuous leaf scars. Leaves 4-12, pinnate or occasionally undivided; leaf sheaths closed, forming a distinct, green or yellowish crownshaft, rarely sheaths open and not forming crownshafts; rachis sometimes strongly recurved, mostly spreading horizontally; pinnae usually regularly arranged, spreading in same plane, those at apex joined with only short splits at apices, giving compound pinnae with lobed apices. Inflorescences branched to 3 orders, borne below crownshaft; prophyll present, peduncular bract absent; flowers unisexual, borne in triads of a central large female flower and 2 lateral much smaller male flowers, usually triads only at bases of rachillae, above male flowers only. Fruits usually bright red, small to moderate, ellipsoid to globose or spindle-shaped, commonly beaked, 1-seeded; endosperm ruminate; germination adjacent; eophylls bifid.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Morphology

      Germination adjacent-ligular; seedling leaf bifid.

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Seed with ruminate endosperm and basal embryo

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Fruit varying from very small to large, with stigmatic remains apical; epicarp smooth, often brightly coloured; mesocarp fibrous or fleshy; endocarp hard, somewhat woody, with longitudinal fibres

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Female flower much larger than the male, with imbricate rounded sepals and petals; staminode vestiges minute or absent; ovary unilocular, tipped with 3 massive reflexed stigmas, usually with copious nectar at anthesis; ovule 1, basally attached

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Minute to large, solitary or clustered, unarmed, pleonanthic, monoecious palms, almost always with a well-defined crownshaft

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Leaves reduplicately pinnate, sometimes flabellate or undivided, often with compound leaflets composed of many folds

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Inflorescence axillary, usually infrafoliar but occasionally interfoliar, anthesis usually occurring after leaf fall, branching to 3 orders; prophyll enclosing the inflorescence in bud, splitting and usually falling at anthesis; peduncular bracts absent; rachillae bearing basal triads of flowers, each with 1 central ♀ flower and two lateral ♂ flowers, and distal paired or solitary, 2 ranked or spiral ♂ flowers

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

      Male flower usually opening long before the ♀, often heavily scented, small, usually with 3 free or fused sepals and 3 free acute valvate petals; stamens 3–24 (or more); pistillode present or absent

    • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      • Source: [
      • 5
      • ]. 

        Bibliography

       Information From

      Arecaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • B
      Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).