Apium L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 264. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Apium L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000002668. Accessed on: 22 Sep 2020'

General Information

12. Apium L.

Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

Hierbas perennes, bianuales o anuales, postradas, ascendentes o erectas, caulescentes, ramificadas, glabras, con raíces axonomorfas u órganos subterráneos rastreros. Hojas alternas u opuestas, pecioladas, pinnadas a ternado-pinnadas compuestas, membranáceas, los folíolos o segmentos anchamente elípticos a lineares, serrados a variadamente lobados o incisos, o aquellos de las hojas sumergidas, filiformes; pecíolos envainadores. Inflorescencia de umbelas compuestas laxas a subcompactas, pedunculadas o algunas sésiles; pedúnculos laterales o terminales; involucro e involucelo de 1 a varias brácteas o bractéolas foliáceas o ausentes; radios relativamente pocos, patentes o patente-ascendentes; pedicelos patentes o ascendentes. Cáliz lobado, los dientes diminutos o ausentes; pétalos ovados a orbiculares, blancos o verdosos, el ápice inflexo más angosto; estilos cortos, el estilopodio bajo cónico a deprimido. Frutos oblongo-ovados a globoso-elipsoides, comprimidos lateralmente, algo constrictos en la comisura, glabros; mericarpos subteretes; carpóforo grueso y brevemente 2-fido; costillas 5, prominentes, generalmente obtusas, subiguales, frecuentemente suberosas; vitas solitarias en los intervalos, 2 en las comisuras; cara de la semilla plana. Aprox. 20 spp; 5 en Europa, 15 en el hemisferio sur.

Bibliografía: Short, P.S. J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 1: 205-235 (1979).

La única especie en Mesoamérica es Apium graveolens .

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Annual, biennial, or perennial glabrous herbs from taproots or creeping root- stocks; stems erect to prostrate, usually branched, the leaves petiolate, pinnate to ternate-pinnately decompound, the petiole sheathing; inflorescence of compound (or frequently some simple) umbels with or without an involucre and involucel; flowers white or greenish, the petals with an inflexed apex, the calyx minute or obsolete; stylopodium short-conical to depressed, the styles short, the carpophore entire, bifid, or 2-cleft; fruit compressed laterally and constricted at the com- missure, the ribs filiform, prominent, obtuse, the vittae solitary in the intervals, 2 on the commissure; seed subterete, its face flat.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Herbs, annual or biennial, glabrous. Stem erect, ridged and shallowly fluted. Leaves petiolate, with membranous sheaths; leaf blade pinnate to ternate-pinnately compound. Umbels compound, loose to subcompact; peduncles usually short or abortive; bracts and bracteoles absent; rays few, spreading-ascending or spreading; umbellules few-flowered. Petals white or greenish-yellow, ovate to suborbicular, apex narrow, inflexed. Calyx teeth obsolete. Stylopodium low-conic to depressed; styles short, erect to reflexed. Fruit globose to ellipsoid, rounded at both ends, slightly compressed laterally, mericarp nearly rounded in cross section, commissural face constricted, glabrous; ribs 5, prominent, acute; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore stout, entire or bifid at the apex.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    "Fr oval to rotund, flattened laterally, somewhat constricted along the commissure; ribs 5 per mericarp, elevated; oil-tubes solitary in the intervals, 2 on the commissure; carpophore entire or not cleft beyond the middle; umbels terminal and lateral, compound, the lateral sometimes sessile; umbellets small; sep minute or none; pet white or greenish-white; stylopodium short-conic to depressed; lvs once pinnate to decompound. 10, widespread."

  • Provided by: [G].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Petals small, white or greenish, sometimes with a short incurved lobule but rarely emarginate above

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Fruit glabrous, almost round to elliptic-oblong, laterally compressed; primary ribs conspicuous, slender to very thick; valleculae 1-vittate, the narrow commissure 2-vittate; stylopodia low, very shortly conical or flat, styles slender to obsolete; carpophore entire to shortly bifid at the apex

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Endosperm roundish to quite sharply pentagonal in section.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Leaves variously pinnate or ternate

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Umbels compound, sessile or pedunculate, usually leaf-opposed; bracts 0–few; bracteoles few–numerous

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Flowers hermaphrodite

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Calyx-teeth obsolete or very small

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Robust to slender, erect to creeping, annual, biennial or perennial herbs

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Petals ovate to suborbicular, with an inflexed apex.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Stylopodium shortly conical or depressed.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Fruit ovoid to globose, somewhat laterally compressed, glabrous to slightly setulose, slightly constricted at the commissure. Ribs thick and rounded, vittae solitary in the intervals, with 2 on the commissural face.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Carpophore entire or slightly 2-fid.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Calyx teeth minute or absent.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Robust or slender annual, biennial or perennial herbs; stems erect, decumbent or creeping.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Flowers white to greenish in compound umbels; bracts and bracteoles 0.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Seed round to subpentagonal in section, with the commissural face plane.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Habit

    herb

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Apiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • G Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).