Anthurium Schott
  • Wiener Z. Kunst 1829(3): 828. 1829. (20 Aug 1829)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Anthurium Schott. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000002468. Accessed on: 05 Dec 2020'

General Information

ANTHURIUM Schott

Hierbas, generalmente epífitas, raramente terrestres; cáudice corto, con raíces densas en los nudos, las cicatrices de las hojas frecuentemente muy conspicuas; catafilos generalmente más o menos lanceolados, con una costilla media, deciduos o persistentes y frecuentemente deshaciéndose en fibras al marchitarse; plantas hermafroditas. Hojas comúnmente agrupadas cerca del ápice del tallo, de varias formas, simples o compuestas, reticuladas, generalmente con una vena colectiva presente; pecíolos cortos o alargados, de varias formas, envainados cerca de la base y geniculados en el ápice. Inflorescencias solitarias en cada nudo, pedúnculo terete o angular, generalmente alargado; espata libre, persistente; espádice uniforme, generalmente cilíndrico-ahusado, alargado cuando en fruto, generalmente floreciendo desde la base hacia arriba en una progresión lenta o rápida, sésil o estipitado; flores generalmente protóginas; estambres 4, en general ligeramente exertos, las anteras generalmente más anchas que largas; pistilo simple, 2-locular, estilo generalmente ausente, estigma generalmente con una depresión rimosa y alineada con papilas, óvulos 1 ó 2 por lóculo, raramente más. Infructescencia generalmente péndula, bayas generalmente ovoides, oblongo-ovoides, oblongas u obovoides, generalmente agudas a redondeadas o truncadas en el ápice, a veces también con una depresión en el ápice, exertas y colgando de 4 hilos en la madurez, 2-loculares, generalmente con 2 semillas aunque a veces con 4 o más.

Género con ca 1000 especies distribuidas desde México hasta Brasil, Paraguay y Bolivia, también en las Antillas; 31 especies (1 cultivada) se conocen en Nicaragua y 1 especie adicional se espera encontrar.

M. Madison. The species of Anthurium with palmately divided leaves. Selbyana 2: 239–282. 1978; T.B. Croat. A revision of Anthurium (Araceae) for Mexico and Central America. Part 1. Mexico and Middle America. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 70: 211–240. 1983; T.B. Croat. A revision of Anthurium (Araceae) of Mexico and Central America. Part 2. Panama. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 14: 1–205. 1986; T.B. Croat. A revision of Anthurium sect. Pachyneurium (Araceae). Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 78: 539–855. 1991.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Plants almost always epiphytic, rarely terrestrial and then perhaps only by accident, the caudex short or sometimes elongate and subscandent, the internodes short or elongate; petioles short or elongate, short-vaginate at the base, always geniculate near the apex; blades usually coriaceous or thick-coriaceous, rarely thin, very variable in form, simple or rarely digitately compound; peduncles commonly elongate, the spathe generally persistent, often colored, narrow, spread- ing from the base of the spadix, often decurrent at the base; spadix sessile or stipitate, cylindric, conoid, or caudiform, densely many-flowered, usually green or violaceous green, more or less elongate in fruit, flowering from the base upward; flowers perfect, perigoniate; sepals 4, often as broad as long, fornicate above and subtruncate, connivent, somewhat accrescent in fruit; stamens 4, the filaments subcompressed, slightly narrowed into the connective, equaling the sepals, the anthers short, the cells ovate or oblong-ovate, opening by a longitudinal slit; ovary ovoid, oblong, or obovoid, truncate at the apex or attenuate to the style, 2-celled; ovules 2 or 1 in each cell; style none or short, the stigma small, discoid, suborbicular or oblong, subbilobate; berries succulent and juicy at maturity, variously colored, 2-celled, the cells usually 1-seeded; seeds oblong, plane or con- vex, somewhat attenuate to the apex.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Plantas terrestres o (más a menudo) epífitas, sin savia lechosa; tallo obsoleto o decumbente a erecto oalargado a escandente. Hojas espiraladas. Pecíolos muy rara vez peltadamente adjuntos (fuera de CR), con ungenículo. Láminas foliares simples o compuestas; si simples, lineares a ovadas, sagitadas, o trilobadas; si com-puestas, trifolioladas a palmati o pedaticompuestas. Infls. 1 por axila; espata ligulada a ovada, deflexa a erecta,sin un tubo proximal, usualmente persistente; espádice uniforme. Fls. bisexuales, con perianto de 4 tépalos se-parados; estambres 4, separados; ovario bilocular; óvulos 1 ó 2 por lóculo, sostenidos medialmente sobre pla-centas axilares; estilo corto o ausente; estigma bilobado. Frs. blancos a verdes, rojizos o purpúreos, de 2(–4)semillas.

  • Provided by: [E].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    The largest genus of the family, with 500 or more species, all American. They are most numerous in the Andes of northern South America, but 70 or more have been recorded for Central America. The group is a well-marked one, and most of the Central American species can be referred at a glance to it, especially because of the narrow, spreading spathe, and the uniform spadices with only perfect flowers. Many of them are handsome plants, and some are cultivated for ornament locally or even in North America and Europe. The genus as represented in Panama is a somewhat difficult one, chiefly on account of the large number of species and the quite inadequate material by which they are represented in herbaria. The following treatment is by no means satis- factory, but it is probably the best that can be prepared with the collections now at hand for study. Some of the species recognized are probably not valid, and there are perhaps others represented by imperfect specimens examined.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Included Species

     Information From

    Araceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • F Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).