Anethum L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 263. 1753. (1 May 1753)


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Anethum L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-4000002069. Accessed on: 29 Mar 2020'

General Information

24. Anethum L.

Por L. Constance y J. Affolter.

Hierbas anuales, erectas, caulescentes, ramificadas, glabras y glaucas, con delgadas raíces axonomorfas. Hojas alternas, pecioladas, membranáceas, pinnadamente compuestas, con las divisiones finales filiformes; pecíolos envainadores. Inflorescencia de umbelas compuestas laxas; pedúnculos terminales y laterales. Involucro e involucelo ausentes; radios numerosos, delgados, patente-ascendentes, subiguales; pedicelos delgados, patente-ascendentes. Dientes del cáliz ausentes; pétalos suborbiculares con un ápice inflexo más angosto, amarillos; estilos cortos, el estilopodio cónico. Frutos ovoides a oblongo-elipsoides, dorsalmente comprimidos, glabros; carpóforo 2-partido; costillas 5, las dorsales filiformes, las laterales angostas y de alas delgadas; vitas solitarias en los intervalos, 2-4 en la comisura; cara de las semillas plana o ligeramente cóncava. 1 sp. Cultivada y ocasionalmente adventicia.

La única especie es Anethum graveolens .

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Strongly anise-scented, glabrous and glaucous annual herbs; stems erect, branched, the leaves petiolate, pinnately decompound, the petiole sheathing; in- florescence of terminal and lateral compound umbels, an involucre and involucel usually lacking; flowers yellow, the petals with an inflexed apex, the calyx obsolete; stylopodium conical; the styles short, reflexed, the carpophore parted to the base; fruit flattened dorsally, all ribs narrowly winged, the lateral broader than the dorsal, the vittae solitary in the intervals, 2-4 on the commissure; seed flattened dorsally, its face flat or slightly concave.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Herbs, annual or biennial. Stem erect, terete. Basal leaves petiolate, sheaths scarious-margined; blade 2–3-pinnately dissected; ultimate segments narrowly linear. Inflorescence of loose compound umbels; peduncles much-branched; bracts and bracteoles absent; rays numerous, unequal. Calyx teeth obsolete. Petals yellow, costa brown, apex very incurved. Stylopodium conic, styles short, erect when young, spreading or recurved after flowering. Fruit ellipsoid or ovoid-ellipsoid, conspicuously flattened dorsally; dorsal ribs filiform, slightly prominent, lateral ribs narrowly winged, tapering at both ends; vittae 1 in each furrow, 2 on commissure. Seed face plane. Carpophore 2-cleft to base.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    "Fr oblong or elliptic, dorsally flattened; ribs prominent, the dorsal narrow, the lateral narrowly to evidently winged; oil-tubes solitary in the intervals, 2–4 on the commissure; carpophore bifid to the base; umbels compound, terminal and lateral, overtopping the lvs; rays numerous; bracts and bractlets usually none; sep none; pet yellow; stylopodium conic; strongly scented annuals, the lvs pinnately dissected into numerous filiform segments. 4, Old World."

  • Provided by: [D].New York Botanical Garden
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Petals yellow, strongly incurved at the tip and emarginate

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Calyx-teeth absent

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Flowers polygamous

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Umbels compound, numerous, leaf-opposed; involucre and involucel none

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Endosperm depressed-pentagonal, somewhat sulcate below the vittae.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Fruit elliptic-oblong, strongly dorsally compressed, the mericarps not narrowed to the broad commissure; primary ribs pale, conspicuous, the 3 dorsal filiform, the 2 laterals expanded into a rather thick wing-like margin; valleculae each with a single dark vitta, commissure bivittate; stylopodia shortly conical; carpophore deeply bifid

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Leaves 3–4-pinnate, continually dissected into fine filiform segments

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Glabrous, aromatic annual

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Annual herbs with compound pinnate leaves and filiform ultimate segments.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Fruit elliptical, strongly dorsiventrally compressed, with some development of lateral wings.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Vittae solitary in the furrows.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Umbels compound, bracts and bracteoles obsolete.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Sepals absent, petals yellow, with strongly incurved apices.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Habit

    herb

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Apiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • D Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).