Anacardium L.
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 383. 1753. (1 May 1753)


This taxon is accepted by Anacardiaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Information

Evergreen trees or shrubs, andro-monoecious with functionally staminate and bisexual flowers in same inflorescence. Leaves petiolate, simple; leaf blade margin entire. Panicle terminal, frondo-bracteate with numerous branches. Calyx 5-parted, cup-shaped with pointed lobes. Petals 5, recurved at anthesis. Stamens 7-10, usually 1(or 2) noticeably larger; filament fused basally; anther broadly ellipsoid. Disk lacking. Ovary obovoid, asymmetrical, 1-locular and 1-ovulate; style 1, lateral, linear. Pedicel enlarging after anthesis into a fleshy hypocarp bearing fruit; fruit a nutlike glabrous drupe with bony endocarp.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    ANACARDIUM L.

    Subarbustos a árboles muy grandes; plantas andromonoicas. Hojas alternas, agregadas hacia los extremos de las ramas, siempreverdes, simples, oblanceoladas a ampliamente obovadas, a veces ovadas, oblongas o elípticas, ápice redondeado, agudo a obtuso, acuminado, emarginado, retuso o truncado, base cuneada, obtusa, atenuada o auriculada, márgenes enteros, cartáceas a coriáceas, domacios frecuentemente presentes en las axilas de los nervios secundarios en el envés; sésiles o pecioladas. Inflorescencias terminales y/o axilares, tirsoides, brácteas frondosas, flores pediceladas, perianto imbricado, 5-mero; corola campanulada o formando un cilindro, las puntas reflexas; estambres (6–) 8–10 (–12), con 1 (–2) ó 4 mucho más grandes, exertos en filamentos subulados o lineares, los estambres restantes más cortos y de longitud variable, con filamentos connados basalmente en un tubo estaminal de longitud variable, anteras presentes o ausentes, tecas diferenciadas o no y globosas; disco ausente; pistilo rudimentario en las flores estaminadas, ovario subgloboso a obovoide, 1-locular, con 1 óvulo basal, estilo terminal o lateral, estigma generalmente punctiforme, pedicelos acrescentes después de la fertilización y formando un hipocarpo obcónico, piriforme o sigmoideo en todas las especies excepto una (fuera de Nicaragua). Drupa reniforme o subreniforme, pericarpo leñoso con cavidades grandes rectangulares con aceites cáusticos; embrión curvado, cotiledones plano-convexos.

    Un género neotropical con 11 especies, 1 de las cuales está cultivada en los trópicos; nativa desde Honduras hasta Paraguay y el sureste de Brasil; 2 especie se encuentran en Nicaragua.

    J.D. Mitchell y S.A. Mori. The cashew and its relatives (Anacardium: Anacardiaceae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 42: 1–76. 1987.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Trees or shrubs, evergreen. Leaves short-petiolate; blades simple, entire, coriace- ous. Poarnicles large, terminal. Flowers small, a, bracteate, the pedicels accrescent in fruit; calyx 5-parted, the segments imbricate in bud; petals 5, recurved, imbricate in bud; stamens (7-) 10(-12), unequal, all or a few or only 1 fertile, the filaments basally connate and adnate to the torus; disc or nectariferous outgrowths lacking; ovary subglobose to turbinate or obovate, somewhat gibbous, 1-celled, 1-ovulate, the ovule lateral, ascending on a very short funicle, the style compressed-conic, excentric, as long or slightly longer than the ovary. Nut rather large, reniform, laterally compressed, virtually filled by the solitary reniform seed, borne at the apex of a fleshy hypocarp (the accrescent pedicel).

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
  • Morphology

    Ovary free, sessile, obovoid or obcordate, unilocular, with the ovule ascendent; style 1, with a capitate stigma

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Fruit obliquely reniform, compressed, on the swollen pedicel; mesocarp oleaginous

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Stamens 7–10, l(–2) fertile, the rest sterile (staminodes), unequal in length; filaments connate at the base; anthers dorsifixed

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Disk absent

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Seeds reniform with thick cotyledons.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or trees

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, simple, sessile or petiolate, generally oblong-obovate, entire, coriaceous

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Sepals 5, imbricate, slightly connate at the base

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Petals 5, imbricate, eflexed, caducous

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Flowers in corymbose terminal or subterminal panicles, poygamo-dioecious

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Fruit ± obliquely reniform, compressed, on the swollen pedicel; mesocarp oleaginous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Seeds reniform with thick cotyledons.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Ovary free, sessile, obovoid or obcordate, 1-locular, with the ovule ascendent; style 1, with a capitate stigma.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Disk absent.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Stamens 7–10, unequal, 1(2) fertile, the others sterile; filaments connate at the base; anthers dorsifixed.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Petals 5, imbricate, reflexed, caducous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Leaves alternate, sessile or petiolate, simple, entire, coriaceous, generally oblong-obovate.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Sepals 5, imbricate, slightly connate at the base.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Shrubs or trees.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Flowers polygamo-dioecious, in corymbose terminal or subterminal panicles.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Trees or shrubs

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
  • Distribution

    A genus of eight or nine species native to tropical America; only two species occur in Central America, including Panama.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora de Panama
  •  Information From

    Anacardiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora de Panama
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • F
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • G
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).