Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet
  • Hort. Brit.
  • campainha


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001298154. Accessed on: 04 Dec 2020'

General Information

Herbs perennial, twining, with a tuberous root; axial parts ?glabrous. Stems to 5 m, thinly angular, ± tuberculate or smooth. Petiole 2-8 cm, base with leafy pseudostipules; leaf blade palmately 5-parted to base; lobes entire or minutely undulate, apex acute or obtuse, mucronulate, basal pair usually again lobed or parted; middle lobe larger, ovate, ovate-lanceolate, or elliptic, (2.5-)4-5 X (0.5-)2-2.5 cm. Inflorescences 1- or several flowered; peduncle 2-8 cm; bracts and bracteoles early deciduous, squamiform, small. Pedicel 0.5-2 cm, sometimes verruculose. Sepals unequal; outer 2 sepals 4-6.5 mm; inner ones 5-9 mm, glabrous, abaxially ± verruculose, margin paler, scarious. Corolla pink, purple, or reddish purple, with a darker center, rarely white, funnelform, (2.5-)5-7 cm. Stamens included, unequal. Ovary glabrous. Stigma 2-lobed. Capsule ± globose, ca. 1 cm. Seeds black, ca. 5 mm, densely tomentose, margin with longer hairs. 2n = 30*.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
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    11. Ipomoea cairica (L.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 287(1826). Convolvuluscairicus L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 922 (1759). Lectotipo (designado por Bosser y Heine, (2000): “Convolvulus Aegyptius” Vesling en Alpinio, Pl.Aegypti 73-74 (1640).Ilustr.: Matuda, Anales Inst.Biol. Univ. Nac. México 34:113, t. 16 (1963).

    Por D.F. Austin, J.A. McDonald y G. Murguía-Sánchez.

    Hierbastrepadoras, perennes; tallos hasta 5 m o más largos, volubles pero tambiéntendidos en el suelo, glabros. Hojas 3-10 × 3-10 cm, ovadas a orbiculares,palmatidivididas hasta la base en 5-lóbulos, éstos lanceolados uovado-lanceolados a ovados o elípticos, los segmentos basalmente acuminados, elpar basal de segmentos generalmente lobulado u otra vez partido, mayormente conseudoestípulas (pequeñas hojas de las yemas axilares en la base del pecíolo),glabros, agudos u obtusos en el ápice. Inflorescencias en cimas. Flores1-pocas; sépalos 4-6.5 mm, más o menos iguales o los exteriores ligeramente máscortos, ovados, obtusos a agudos, losinteriores más anchos, obtusos, glabros pero con frecuenciadiminutamente tuberculados; corola 4.5-6 cm, rara vez más corta,infundibuliforme, generalmente de un azul-púrpura o blanco, con la gargantarojizo-purpúrea, glabra. Cápsulas 1-1.2 cm, más o menos globosas, pajizas opardas, glabras; semillas 1-4, 5-6 mm, globosas, pardas, densamente cortamentetomentosas o a veces también con largos tricomas sedosos en los márgenes. Cultivaday en lugares alterados. H (Servellón201, TEFH).1000-1100 m. (Estados Unidos [Florida], México [Oaxaca], Mesoamérica, Colombia,Venezuela, Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia, Brasil, Paraguay, Antillas.)

  • Provided by: [J].Flora Mesoamericana
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    Perennial climbers. Roots tuberous. The stems twining, tuberculate or smooth. Leaves ovate to orbicular in outline, palmately cut to the base into 5 lobes, these lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate to ovate or elliptic, 3-10 cm long, pseudostipules present. Flowers of 1-to few-flowered cymes. Sepals ovate, obtuse to acute, mucronulate, 4-6.5 mm long. Corolla purple or white with a pinkish or purplish base inside the tube, 5-6 cm long. Fruit capsular, subglo-bose, 10-12 mm long. Seeds densely short-tomentose or with long trichomes on the margins.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora of Pakistan
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    Morphology

    A slender twiner with glabrous, sometimes warted stems

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Funnel-shaped flowers pale or reddish-purple 11/2-2 in. long.

  • Provided by: [I].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
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    Seeds subglobose or ovoid, 4.2–6 mm. long, blackish, densely short-tomentose and also with long silky hairs along the edges.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Inflorescences lax; peduncle 0.5–8 cm. long, 1–many-flowered, branched; pedicels 1.2–3 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Leaf-blade ovate to orbicular in outline, palmately divided to the base into 5–7 lobes, 3–10 cm. long and wide; lobes lanceolate to ovate or elliptic, acute or obtuse and mucronulate at the apex, up to 4 cm. long and 1.6 cm. wide; outer lobes often bifid; petiole 2–6 cm. long; pseudo-stipules often present.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Perennial, with tuberous rootstock, glabrous or nearly so; stems twining or prostrate, smooth or muriculate, up to 1.8 m. long, glabrous, or villous at the nodes.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Capsule subglobose, 1–1.2 cm. in diameter, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Corolla purple, redor white with purple centre and purple tinge on outside of the limb or rarely entirely white, funnel-shaped, (3–)4.5–6 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Sepals glabrous, sometimes verruculose, ovate, 4–6.5 mm. long, 2.5–5 mm. wide, the outer ones slightly shorter, obtuse to acute, mucronulate, the edges membranous.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Stems twining or prostrate, smooth or muriculate, up to 2 m. long, glabrous or villous at the nodes.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Perennial from a tuberous rootstock, glabrous or nearly so.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Corolla broadly funnel-shaped, purple, red or white with purple centre and purple tinge on outside of the limb or rarely entirely white, 4·5–6 cm. long, (2·3–3 cm. long in var. indica Hall. f.).

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Sepals subequal, ovate, 4–6·5 mm. long, obtuse to acute, mucronulate, glabrous, sometimes verruculose, the edges membranous, outer ones slightly shorter.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Inflorescences lax, 1-many-flowered; peduncle 0·5–8 cm. long, branched; pedicels 1·2–3 cm. long; bracteoles minute.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Leaf lamina ovate to circular in outline, palmately divided to the base into 5–7 lobes, 3×10 cm. long and wide; lobes lanceolate to ovate, elliptic or somewhat oblanceolate, acute or obtuse and mucronulate at the apex, up to 5 × 1·6 cm.; outer lobes often bifid; petiole 2–6 cm. long, usually pseudostipulate by small leaves of developing or suppressed axillary shoots; pseudo-stipules resembling the leaves but smaller.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 13
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    Seeds subglobose or ovoid, blackish, densely short-tomentose and also with long silky hairs along the edges.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Capsule subglobose, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Twining or prostrate perennial herb. Leaves palmately divided into 5-7 lobes*; lobes lanceolate to ovate, elliptic or somewhat oblanceolate. Flowers solitary or in few-flowered cymes. Sepals 4.0-6.5 mm long, sometimes verruculose. Corolla 45-60 mm long. Flowers purple, red or white with purple centre and purple tinge on outside of limb or rarely entirely white.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Perennial climber to 3 m. Leaves palmatisect with 5-7, lanceolate segments. Flowers mauve, sepals glabrous, obtuse.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Glabrous perennial with tuberous root. Stems up to 1.8 m long, smooth or tuberculate, twining or rarely prostrate. Leaves ovate to orbicular in outline, 30-100 mm wide, deeply palmately dissected into 5-7 lanceolate to ovate-elliptic, mucronulate segments; basal lobes often bifid in 5-lobed leaves; petiole 20-60 mm long, usually with pseudostipules resembling leaves but smaller. Peduncles 1- to few-flowered, 5-70 mm long; bracteoles minute; pedicels 12-20 mm long. Sepals subequal, subovate, mucronulate, green with pellucid dots and pale scarious margins; often minutely tuberculate outside, 4-7 mm long. Corolla broadly funnel-shaped, 30-60 mm long, 40-60 mm wide, tube contracted near base, mauve, paler outside and with darker magenta centre (rarely entirely white). Capsule subglobose, 8-12 mm in diameter. Seeds 5-6 mm long, blackish, subglobose, tomentose and with white up to 9 mm long hairs along edges. Flowering time throughout the year.

  • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habit

    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [F].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Habitat

      Rain forest, bushland, swampy grassland, river edges, roadsides.

    • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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      Found in forest, bushveld, wet grassland, at edges of rivers and lakes, also along roadsides, waste places and cultivated ground.

    • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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      Distribution

      Uitenhage to tropical Africa and Asia but weedy on the Cape Peninsula.

    • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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      Indigenous throughout Africa, also from the eastern Mediterranean region through Asia to Taiwan; naturalised elsewhere as an escape from cultivation. In southern Africa it is recorded from Botswana, Swaziland and the northern and east parts of South Africa.

    • Provided by: [E].e-Flora of South Africa
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      Distribution Map

       
      • Native distribution
      Found in
      • Southern America Brazil Rondônia
      • Alagoas
      • Bahia
      • Ceará
      • Paraába
      • Pernambuco
      • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Sergipe
      • Paraní
      • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Santa Catarina
      • Espirito Santo
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Brazilia Distrito Federal
      • Goiás
      • Mato Grosso
      • Mato Grosso do Sul

        Bibliography

       Information From

      Convolvulaceae
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      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • D
      e-Flora of South Africa
      e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
      • E All Rights Reserved
      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
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      http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
      'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
      • G Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • H
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • I The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • J Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora of Pakistan
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
      Flora of Pakistan. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
      • K Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • L CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).