Merremia tuberosa (L.) Rendle
  • Fl. Trop. Afr.
  • ipoméia-do-ceilão


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Merremia tuberosa (L.) Rendle. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001297307. Accessed on: 04 Dec 2020'

General Information

8. Merremiatuberosa (L.) Rendle, Fl. Trop. Afr. 4(2): 104 (1906 [1905]). Ipomoea tuberosa L., Sp. Pl. 160 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Austin, (1975):Jamaica (microficha! ex LINN-219.4). Ilustr.: McDonald, Fl. Veracruz 73: 74, t. 7 (1993). N.v.: Bejuco de golondrina, foco de luz,quiebra-cajete, rosa de barranco, quinamacal, G; seven fingers, B; mala hierba,H.

Por D.F. Austin, J.A. McDonald y G. Murguía-Sánchez.

Batatastuberosa (L.) Bojer, Convolvulus macrocarpus Spreng. non L., C.tuberosus (L.) Spreng., Operculinatuberosa (L.) Meisn.

Bejucostrepadores, perennes, volubles, glabros; tallos hasta 20 m, lisos o rugosos,glabros. Hojas 8-20 × 9-19 cm, simples, palmatilobadas, segmentos 6-7, ovado-alargados a ovado-lanceolados, 3-11 × 1-5 cm,los márgenes enteros, la nervaduraconspicuamente prominente, glabros en ambas superficies, el ápiceacuminado-atenuado. Inflorescencias cimosas, la primera ramificación dicasial ylas consecutivas monocasiales. Flores 3-6; sépalos 19-27 mm, más o menosiguales, coriáceos, ovado-elípticos, los márgenes enteros, membranáceos, elápice redondeado, reflexos y envolviendo el fruto durante la fructificación;corola 4-6 cm, infundibuliforme, expandiéndose gradualmente, amarilla, el limbomás o menos entero. Cápsulas 30-40 mm, globosas, pajizas y translúcidas alsecarse, glabras; semillas 1-4, 15-20 mm, más o menos globosas o oblongas oovoides, negras, tomentosas con pelos negros. Floración oct.-feb. Selvasmedianas subperennifolias, selvas bajas caducifolias, selvas bajas inundables,vegetación secundaria. T (Magaña yZamudio 803, XAL); Ch (Matuda 18496, F); Y (Calzada y Ucán 6652, CICY); C (Durán y Chan 1476, CICY); QR (Carnevali y May 4867, CICY); B (Dwyer et al. 271, MO); G (Ortiz 390, MO); H (Standley 5667, F); ES (West 3588, UC); N (Stevens 5424, MO); CR (Lent 2744, MO); P (Lewis et al. 3415, MO). 0-1200 m. (Estados Unidos [Florida],México [Hidalgo, Oaxaca, Veracruz], Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador,Perú, Brasil, Antillas.)

  • Provided by: [J].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Merremia tuberosa (L.) Rendle in Dyer, Fl. Trop. Africa 4(2): 104. 1905; Ipomoea tuberosa L.; Operculina tuberosa (L.) Meisn.

    Lianas perennes; tallos herbáceos hacia el ápice, leñosos en la base, volubles, glabros. Hojas generalmente 7-lobadas, a veces casi hasta la base, ampliamente ovadas a redondeadas, 8–15 cm de largo y de ancho; lobos lanceolados a elípticos, acuminados, enteros, glabros. Inflorescencias cimoso-compuestas, raramente flores solitarias; sépalos desiguales, los exteriores oblongos, 25–30 mm de largo, obtusos, mucronulados, los interiores más pequeños, 12–20 mm de largo, agudos; corola 5–6 cm de largo, glabra, amarilla. Frutos irregularmente dehiscentes, subglobosos, 30–35 mm de ancho, sépalos subyacentes acrescentes, glabros; semillas ovoides, densa y cortamente tomentosas, rápidamente glabrescentes, negras.

    Rara en sitios alterados en todas las zonas del país; 0–1200 m; fl nov–mar, fr dic–may; Moreno 6320, Stevens 5424; Estados Unidos (Florida) hasta Sudamérica, también en las Antillas; introducida al Viejo Mundo, a menudo cultivada.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
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    Lianas; stems herbaceous toward the tips, basally woody, glabrous. Leaves usually 7-lobed, at times almost to the base, the lobes lanceolate to elliptic, acumi- nate, entire, glabrous. Flowers in compound cymes with peduncles 10-20 cm long, occasionally solitary; sepals unequal, the outer oblong, 25-30 mm long, ob- tuse, mucronulate, the inner smaller, 12-20 mm long, acute; corollas yellow, 5-6 cm long. Fruits capsular but irregularly dehiscent, subglobose, 30-35 mm in diameter, the sepals accrescent and subtending the fruits; seeds black, densely short tomentose.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 9
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    Bejuco subleñoso. Hojas simples, 7–20 X 7–24 cm, ± ovadas, cordadas en la base, palmadamente 5–8- lobuladas, de otra forma enteras, glabras en ambas caras. Infls. cimosas, de 1–10+ fls. Fls. abiertas por la mañana, olorosas, los sépalos 12–30 mm, elípticos, obtusos a agudos en el ápice, glabros; corola amarilla brillante, 50–60 mm. Frs. 3–3.5 cm, globosos; semillas negras, velutinas.

  • Provided by: [G].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Seeds black, pubescent, about 1.7 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Capsule ellipsoid to globose, enclosed in the sepals, about 3.5 cm. in diameter, splitting irregularly and also separating about the base.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Corolla yellow, funnel-shaped with a more or less cylindrical tube, 4.0–5.5 cm. long, 5–6 cm. wide, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Outer sepals ovate, obtuse, mucronate, 2.3–3 cm. long, 1.2–1.8 cm. wide; inner narrower, oblong, 2.1–2.5 cm. long; all sepals enlarging in fruit and becoming about 5–6 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Peduncle axillary, few- to several-flowered, 4–15 cm. long; pedicels 1.5– 1.8 cm. long, enlarging in fruit to 5 cm.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
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    Leaf-blade orbicular in outline, 6–16 cm. long and broad, palmately divided to near the base; lobes 7, oblong-lanceolate or oblanceolate, up to 8 cm. long and 3.3 cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, narrowed below, entire; petiole 6–18 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    A glabrous perennial twiner or liane; stems smooth, from a large subterranean tuber, robust, terete and finely striate.

  • Provided by: [E].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 5
    • ]. 

    Capsule ellipsoid to globose, enclosed by the sepals, splitting irregularly and also separating about the base.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Seeds black, pubescent, with somewhat longer black hairs along the margins.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Corolla funnel-shaped with a more or less cylindrical tube, yellow, up to 5·5 cm. long, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Peduncle terete or more or less applanate towards the apex, 4–13 cm. long; pedicels 1·5–1·8 cm. long, enlarging in fruit to 5 cm.; bracts triangular, more or less 2 mm. long, two outer sepals ovate to broadly ovate, 21–25 mm. long, obtuse, indistinctly minutely mucronate; the three inner ones narrower, oblong, 20–23 mm.; all sepals enlarging in fruit to 5–6 mm. long, enclosing the capsule.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Inflorescence few- to several-flowered.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Leaf lamina circular 6–16 × 6–16 cm., palmately 7-lobed to near the base; segments oblong-lanceolate or oblanceolate, up to 13.5 × 5 cm., acuminate at the apex, narrowed below, entire, the middle segment larger than the lateral ones; petiole 6–15 cm. long, slender.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Stems smooth, from a large subterranean tuber, robust, terete and finely striate.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    A glabrous perennial twiner or liane.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [A].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Lianas

    • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 9
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      ranges through southern Florida, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America, South America and the Old World tropics.

    • Provided by: [F].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 9
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      Distribution Map

       
      • Introduced distribution
      Introduced into
      • Southern America Brazil Bahia
      • Maranh
      • Pernambuco
      • Paraní
      • Santa Catarina
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Goiás
      • Mato Grosso do Sul

      Other Local Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      ipoméia-do-ceilãoPortuguese
      rosa-de-pauPortuguese
      flor-de-pauPortuguese

       Information From

      Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
      http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
      Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
      • A Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
      Convolvulaceae
      World Flora Online Data. 2017.
      • B CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
      http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
      Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
      • C Missouri Botanical Garden
      • D Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • E
      Flora de Panama
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
      Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
      • F Missouri Botanical Garden
      Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
      Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
      • G Missouri Botanical Garden
      Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
      • H
      Flora de Nicaragua
      http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
      WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
      • I Missouri Botanical Garden
      Flora Mesoamericana
      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
      Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
      • J Missouri Botanical Garden
      World Flora Online consortium
      http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
      World Flora Online Data. 2018.
      • K CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).