Evolvulus nummularius (L.) L.
  • Sp. Pl. (ed. 2)
  • Money-wort Evolvulus


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Evolvulus nummularius (L.) L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001297240. Accessed on: 04 Dec 2020'

General Information

5. Evolvulus nummularius (L.) L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2,391 (1762). Convolvulusnummularius L., Sp. Pl.157 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Verdcourten Jarvis et al., (1993): Jamaica, Sloane, Voy. Jamaica 1: 157, t. 99 f. 2 (1707). Ilustr.: Austin, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 62: 178, t. 5 (1975). N.v.:Cuartillo, hierba de pesar, G.

Por D.F. Austin, J.A. McDonald y G. Murguía-Sánchez.

Evolvulusveronicaeifolius Kunth.

Hierbas perennes; tallos 30-50 cm, postrados, rastreros,estoloníferos, con raíces adventicias. Hojas 0.6-1.7 × 0.5-1.2 cm, dísticas,ovado-elípticas, ligeramente pilosas en ambas superficies, glabrescentes, labase obtusa, subcordata, frecuentemente oblicua, el ápice obtuso, rara vezemarginado, frecuentemente mucronulado. Inflorescencias cimosas, axilares, lospedúnculos ausentes. Flores 1-2, el pedicelo 2-5 mm; sépalos 2.5-3 mm, iguales, ovado-oblongos, obtusos a agudos, ligeramente pilosos, glabrescentes;corola 5-8 mm, rotácea, blanco-morada, pilosa por fuera. Cápsulas 3-4 mm,cónicas, pajizas, glabras; semillas 1-4, 2-3 mm, redondeadas, pardas,glabras. Floración ago.-abr. Selvas bajas caducifolias, selvas medianas subperennifolias. T (Ventura 21217, XAL); Ch (Ventura y López 1386, XAL); Y (Sanabria y Simá 356, CICY); C (Chan 1348, CICY); B (Proctor 29624, MO); G (Standley 23961, US); H (Standley 20760, US); ES (Rohweder 3307, MO); N (Moreno 2403, MO); CR (Grayum y Hammel 9568, MO); P (Burch et al. 1022, MO). 0-1200 m. (México[Sinaloa,Nayarit, Guerrero, Veracruz], Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia,Brasil, Paraguay, Argentina, Bahamas, Cuba, La Española, Jamaica, Puerto Rico,Antillas Menores; introducida en el Viejo Mundo.)

  • Provided by: [H].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
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    • ]. 

    Herbs perennial. Stems several, rooting at nodes, prostrate, 20-40 cm, slender, ± villous or scabrous. Leaves distichous; petiole 2-4 mm; leaf blade nearly circular, 1.3-1.7 X 1.2-1.4 cm, glabrous or appressed pilose abaxially, base cordate to rounded, apex rounded or emarginate; lateral veins 2 or 3 pairs. Peduncle absent or very short. Pedicel 2.5-3 mm, densely villous. Flowers 1 or 2 per leaf axil. Sepals persistent, oblong-ovate to oblong, 3-4 2-3 mm, outer 2 slightly longer than inner ones, pilose abaxially, margin ciliate. Corolla broadly campanulate or subrotate, ca. 6 mm; limb ca. 7-8 mm in diam., 5-lobed. Stamens inserted at middle of corolla tube; filaments ca. 1.5 mm, glabrous basally; anthers oblong. Ovary globose. Style lobes linear, ca. 3 mm; stigmas minutely capitate. Capsule ovoid, 2-3 mm in diam. Seeds 2-4, brown, ovoid-trigonous, ca. 1 0.5 mm, minutely tuberculate.
    2n = 24.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Evolvulus nummularius (L.) L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 391. 1762; Convolvulus nummularius L.; Volvulopsis nummularium (L.) Roberty.

    Hierbas perennes; tallos herbáceos, postrados, con raíces en los nudos, pilosos con tricomas cortos a glabros. Hojas ampliamente ovadas u orbiculares, 4–15 mm de largo y 3–25 mm de ancho, redondeadas a emarginadas en el ápice, redondeadas a subcordadas en la base, glabras o algo pilosas en el envés. Flores solitarias o apareadas en las axilas, sin pedúnculos, pedicelos 2–6 mm de largo; sépalos elíptico-ovados a ovado-oblongos, 2.5–4 mm de largo, ciliados, pubescentes, glabrescentes; corola infundibuliforme, 5–7 mm de ancho, blanca. Frutos globosos, 3–4 mm de ancho, reflexos, glabros; semillas ligeramente muricadas, cafés a negras.

    Poco común en áreas perturbadas, especialmente en orillas de caminos y áreas cultivadas, en las zonas norcentral y pacífica; 0–1200 m; fl y fr durante todo el año; Moreno 2403, 11784; México hasta Sudamérica, también en el Viejo Mundo.

  • Provided by: [F].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Perennial herbs; stems prostrate, herbaceous, rooting at nodes, pilose with short trichomes to glabrate. Leaves broadly ovate to orbicular, 4-15 mm long, short-petiolate, rounded to emarginate apically, rounded to subcordate basally, glabrous or somewhat pubescent beneath. Flowers solitary or paired in leaf axils, pedicels 2-6 mm long; sepals elliptic-ovate to ovate-oblong, 2.5-4 mm long, pubescent, glabrescent, ciliate; corollas white, 5-7 mm broad; ovary glabrous. Fruits capsular, globose, 3-4 mm in diameter, reflexed; seeds brown to black, subglobose, slightly muricate.

  • Provided by: [N].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Hierba perenne, postrada; tallos a menudo subleñosos hacia la base, pilosos a glabros, con raíces en los nudos. Hojas 0.4–1.5 X 0.3–2.5 cm, ovadas u orbiculares, glabras en ambas caras o pilosas en el envés. Infls. de 1 fl. solitaria ó 2 fls. pareadas; pedúnculo nulo. Fls. con pedicelo 2–6 mm; sépalos ca. 4 mm; corola blanca, 5–7 mm de diám.

  • Provided by: [M].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Flowers solitary or rarely paired, axillary; peduncles ± 2 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Sepals elliptic-ovate, 2.5–3 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, ± acute, pubescent or glabrescent.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Perennial herb; stems prostrate, rooting at the nodes, pubescent.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Leaf-blade orbicular or orbicular-obovate, 5–18 mm. long and broad, obtuse or retuse at the apex, subcordate at the base, glabrous or sparingly pubescent beneath; petiole 1–6 mm. long, pubescent, channelled above.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Seeds brown to black, subglobose, 1.5–2 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Fig. 4.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Corolla white, subrotate, 4.5 mm. long, 6 mm. in diameter, deeply lobed; the lobes obovate, 1.5–2 mm. long, 1–1.5 mm. broad.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Capsule globose, 3–4 mm. in diameter, 1-locular, 2-valved, 4-seeded.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
    • ]. 

    Perennial herb with the same habit as Dichondra repens.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Seeds brown to black, subglobose 1·5–2 mm. long, shining.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Leaf-lamina circular or circular-obovate, 5–20 mm. long and broad, apex very obtuse, base truncate to subcordate, glabrous or sparingly pubescent beneath; petiole 1–8 mm. long, pubescent, canaliculate above.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Stems prostrate, rooting at the nodes, pubescent.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Sepals ovate to ellipti-covate, 2·5–3 × 1·5 mm., more or less acute, pubescent or glabrescent with ciliate margins.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Flowers solitary or rarely paired, axillary; peduncles up to 5 mm. long, recurving.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Capsule globose 3–4 mm. in diam., unilocular, bivalved, 4 (2)-seeded.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Corolla white, subrotate, about twice as long as the calyx, deeply lobed; lobes obovate, 1·5–2·5 × 1–1·5 mm.

  • Provided by: [G].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Perennial herb. Stems prostrate, pubescent, rooting at nodes. Leaves orbicular to orbicular-obovate, 5-20 mm long and broad, apex obtuse or retuse, base truncate to subcordate, glabrous or sparsely pubescent beneath; petiole 1-8 mm long, pubescent, canaliculate above. Flowers solitary or rarely paired, axillary; peduncles up to 5 mm long, recurving. Sepals ovate to elliptic-ovate, 2.5-3.0 x 1.5 mm, subacute to acute, pubescent or glabrescent with ciliate margins. Corolla white, subrotate, 4.5 mm long, 6 mm wide, deeply lobed; lobes obovate, 1.5-2.5 mm long, 1.0-1.5 mm broad. Capsule globose, 3-4 mm in diameter, 1-locular, bivalved, (2-)4-seeded. Seeds subglobose, 1.5-2.0 mm long, brown to black, shiny.

  • Provided by: [L].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Habit

    herbs

  • Provided by: [N].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Evolvulus nummulariusgrows as a creeping herb, spreading and rooting at its nodes. The slightly pubescent leaves are arranged alternately, ovate/rounded/cordate, to 1 cm long and 1 cm wide with an entire margin, a retuse leaf apex and leaf base.The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are solitary in leaf axils. The calyx has 5 unfused, green sepals. The campanulate corolla has 5 fused, white petals. There are 5 functional stamens fused to the base of the corolla and 5 staminodes. The superior ovary with 2 locules and numerous ovules. The round fruit is a many seeded capsule with brown/black seeds

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Evolvulus nummularius grows in exposed rocky soil, Human Altered environments (fields, roadsides).

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
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    • ]. 

    It seems to occur mostly in short grassland on sandy soils. Also found in dry forest and dense thicket or even on waste ground. Recorded as a weed in sisal plantations.

  • Provided by: [L].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    occurs in Mexico. Central America, West Indies, South America and the Old World tropics.

  • Provided by: [N].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 11
    • ]. 

    Evolvulus nummularius occurs throughout the Lucayan Archipelago, the Caribbean region and Central and South America.

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    This species is indigenous to tropical America as well as tropical Africa and Madagascar and is introduced in India. It reaches its southernmost point of distribution in the most tropical part of the FSA area, namely northern KwaZulu-Natal.

  • Provided by: [L].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 14
    • ]. 

    Uses

    Evolvulus nummularius is not used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Tocantins
    • Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Money-wort EvolvulusEnglishBS

     Information From

    Convolvulaceae
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    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
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    http://www.levypreserve.org
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    • D Ethan Freid All rights Preserved
    • E Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve. All rights Preserved
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
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    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • K Missouri Botanical Garden
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    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • L All Rights Reserved
    Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
    Hammel, B. E.; Grayum, M. H.; Herrera, C.; Zamora, N. Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2003-2014
    • M Missouri Botanical Garden
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    Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
    • N Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
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    • O CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).