Ipomoea hederifolia L.
  • Syst. Nat. (ed. 10)
  • Scarlet Morning Glory


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Ipomoea hederifolia L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001296668. Accessed on: 04 Dec 2020'

General Information

25. Ipomoea hederifolia L., Syst. Nat., ed.10, 925 (1759). Lectotipo(designado por O’Donell, (1959): Quamoclit hederae folio trifido Plumier, Pl. Amer. 4: 82, t. 93, f. 2 (1756). Ilustr.: McDonald, Fl. Veracruz 77: 51, t. 4 (1994). N.v.: Hiedra colorada, xhaylak, xhalylak, Y;campanita, xocxop, G; indian creeper, B.

Por D.F. Austin, J.A. McDonald y G. Murguía-Sánchez.

Ipomoea coccinea auct. non L., Quamoclit coccinea (L.) Moench var. hederifolia House, Q. coccinea auct. non (L.) Moench, Quamoclit hederifolia (L.) G. Don.

Hierbas trepadoras, anuales, herbáceas; tallos hasta 4 m,glabros. Hojas ovadas a más omenos orbiculares, 2-15 × 1.5-14 cm, (3-)5-7-lobadas, glabras a puberulentas.Inflorescencias con la primera ramificación dicasial seguida por ramificacionesmonocasiales. Flores 5-18; sépalos 1.3-3 mm, más o menos iguales, oblongos aelípticos, obtusos o truncados, los exteriores con una arista subterminal,glabros; corola 1.43 cm, en forma de trompeta, roja a rojo-anaranjada, glabra.Cápsulas 6-8 mm, más o menos globosas, pardasal secarse; semillas 1-4, 4-5 mm, piriformes, pardo o negras,inconspicuamente pilosas en hileras por los lados. Floración oct.-mar. Matorralesy cafetales secos y húmedos.Ch (Méndez 3586, DUKE); C (Cabrera y Cabrera10943, MEXU);QR (Cabrera yTorres 1069, MEXU); B (Bartlett 369, MO); G (Shannon 3606, US); H (Standley14012, F); ES (Cruz RC-00105, MO); N (Stevens 5455, MO); CR (Haber 8953, MO); P (Correa y Dressler660, MO). 0-1800 m. (Estados Unidos[Florida, Louisiana, Georgia, Texas], México [Baja California, Sonora,San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Nayarit, Jalisco, Michoacán, Guerrero, Oaxaca],Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Guayanas, Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia, Brasil,Argentina, Antillas.)

  • Provided by: [N].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
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    • ]. 

    Ipomoea hederifolia L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 925. 1759; Quamoclit hederifolia (L.) G. Don; Q. coccinea var. hederifolia (L.) House.

    Trepadoras anuales; tallos herbáceos, volubles, delgados, glabros a escasamente pubescentes. Hojas enteras, dentadas, trilobadas o raramente 5–7-lobadas, ovadas a suborbiculares, 2–15 cm de largo, agudas a acuminadas en el ápice, cordadas en la base, glabras a escasamente puberulentas. Inflorescencias cimosas, cimoso-compuestas o las flores solitarias; sépalos oblongos a elípticos, 1.3–3 mm de largo, obtusos o truncados en el ápice, los exteriores con una arista subterminal de 1.6–6 mm de largo, glabros; corola hipocrateriforme, 2.5–4.5 cm de largo, glabra, roja o rojo-amarillenta. Frutos subglobosos, 6–8 mm de largo y ancho; semillas piriformes, 2–3 mm de largo, generalmente con 2 filas de tricomas pequeños y obscuros en la parte dorsal, cafés.

    Ocasional en sitios alterados y áreas cultivadas en las zonas pacífica y norcentral; 0–1800 m; fl y fr ago–abr; Sandino 244, Stevens 5455; Estados Unidos hasta Sudamérica, también en el Caribe; introducida en el Viejo Mundo. Con frecuencia erróneamente identificada como I. coccinea L.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Vines; stems slender and herbaceous, annuals, glabrous to sparsely pubescent. Leaves ovate to suborbicular, 2-15 cm long, entire, dentate, trilobate or rarely with 5 or 7 lobes, basally cordate, acute to acuminate apically, glabrous or re- motely pubescent. Flowers in few- to several-flowered cymes or solitary; sepals oblong to elliptic, 1.5-3 mm long, apically obtuse or truncate, the outer sepals with a 1.6-6 mm long subterminal arista, glabrous; corollas red or red-yellow, 2.5-4.5 cm long, the tube 1-2 mm in diameter, the limb 1.8-2.5 cm in diameter. Fruits capsular, subglobose, 6-8 mm in diameter; seeds dark brown or black, pyriform, with usually 2 lines of short dark trichomes on the dorsal face.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
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    Bejuco; tallos glabros o ± pilosos (al menos en los nudos), sin raíces en los nudos. Hojas 2–15 X 2–10 cm, ovadas a suborbiculares, hastadas en la base, agudas a acuminadas en el ápice, no lobuladas a profundamente trilobuladas o (más raro) 5 ó 7-lobuladas, a veces también onduladas o irregularmente dentadas, glabras en ambas caras (excepto por unos cuantos tricomas en la base). Infls. de (1)3–16 fls.; pedúnculo 2.5–30 cm, cilíndrico o angulado, glabro o piloso; brácteas 1.5–2 mm, caedizas. Fls. con los sépalos subiguales a desiguales (los internos más largos), 1.3–3(–4) mm (sin la arista), oblongos a elípticos, obtusos a truncados en el ápice y  con una arista subapical a menudo más larga que el cuerpo, lisos, glabros, el margen ± transparente; corola roja a rojo anaranjado, 25–45 mm, en forma de trompeta, glabra por fuera; estigmas bilobulados. Frs. 0.6–0.8 cm, subglobosos, glabros; semillas café, inconspicuamente pilosas en filas por un lado.

  • Provided by: [M].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    Annual climbers, glabrous to sparsely pubescent. Leaves ovate to suborbicular, 2-15 cm long, entire, dentate, trilobate or with 5-7 lobes, basally cordate, acute to acuminate apically, mostly glabrous. Flowers in few-to several-flowered cymes or solitary. Sepals oblong to elliptic, 1.5-3 mm long, apically obtuse to tru ncate, the outer with a 1.6-6 mm long subterminal fleshy arista, glabrous. Corolla red to red-yellow, 2.5-4.5 cm long, salverform. Fruit capsular, subglobose, 6-8 mm long. Seeds dark brown or black, pyriform.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora of Pakistan
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    Morphology

    Annual twiner with brilliant scarlet tubular salver-shaped

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
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    Annual; stems twining, 2–5 m. long, glabrous or sparsely pilose.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Inflorescences lateral or terminal, few- to several-flowered, 10–35 cm. long; peduncle 3–20 cm. long; pedicels erect, 0.5–5 cm. long, enlarging in fruit.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Leaf-blade ovate to orbicular in outline, 3–15 cm. long, 3–10 cm. wide, acuminate and mucronulate at the apex, cordate at the base, entire or 3-lobed; margin entire, angulate, or dentate; petiole 3–12 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Sepals oblong, 2–3 mm. long; apex obtuse or truncate, with an awn 2–4 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Corolla scarlet, glabrous; limb salver-shaped, 2–2.5 cm. in diameter; tube 2.8–4 cm. long, narrowed below, very slightly curved.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Stamens and style exserted 8 mm.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Capsule globose, 5–7 mm. in diameter.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Seeds black, 3.5–4 mm. long, densely pubescent.

  • Provided by: [L].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 6
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    Stamens and style exserted 8 mm.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Corolla salver-shaped, scarlet glabrous; tube 2·8–4 cm. long, narrowed below, very slightly curved; limb 2–2·5 cm. in diam.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Sepals oblong, 2–3 mm. long with apex broadly obtuse or truncate, with an awn 2–4 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Inflorescences lateral or terminal, few to several flowered, 10–35 cm. long, peduncle 3–20 cm. long, terete or angular, glabrous or pubescent; pedicels erect, 0·5–5 cm. long, enlarging in fruit; bracts minute, triangular, mucronulate.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Leaf lamina ovate to circular in outline, 3–15 × 3–10 cm., acuminate and mucronulate at the apex, cordate at the base, the margin entire, angular, coarsely dentate or obscurely to deeply 3-lobed, mostly glabrous; petiole 3–12 cm. long, glabrous or sparsely pilose.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Stems twining, 2–5 m. long, terete or slightly angular, often contorted, glabrous or sparsely pilose.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Ornamental annual species.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    • 7
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    Seeds black, densely pubescent.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Capsule globose, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [H].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Habit

    Vines

  • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
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    Ipomoea hederifolia grows as an annual vine. The leaves are arranged alternately, to 15 cm in length, ovate to orbicular. The leaf margin ranges from entire, dentate to 5-7 lobed with an acute to acuminate leaf apex.The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are arranged in cymes or solitary. The calyx has 5 green, unfused, filiform sepals. The corolla has 5 fused, red to yellow petals that form a salverform tube that is often recurved. There are 5 stamens fused to the throat of the corolla tube and at the point of attachment are numerous hairs. The ovary is superior with 3 locules and numerous seeds. The fruit is a capsule at maturity

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
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    Liana/volúvel/trepadeira

  • Provided by: [J].Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    • Habitat

      Ipomoea hederifolia grows in Human Altered environments (abandoned fields, dumps, edges of yards/roadsides).

    • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
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      Distribution

      distributed through the southern United States, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America and South America; it is introduced into Malaysia and Africa.

    • Provided by: [G].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 10
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      Ipomoea hederifolia occurs in the northern island groupings of the Lucayan Archipelago. It is now distributed through out the topical and subtropical areas of the world.

    • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
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      • 13
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      Uses

      Ipomoea hederifolia is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago.Ipomoea hederifolia is used in the horticultural industry.

    • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
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      Distribution Map

       
      • Native distribution
      Found in
      • Southern America Brazil Amazonas
      • Parí
      • Rondônia
      • Roraima
      • Tocantins
      • Alagoas
      • Bahia
      • Ceará
      • Maranh
      • Paraába
      • Pernambuco
      • Piauá
      • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Sergipe
      • Paraní
      • Santa Catarina
      • Espirito Santo
      • Minas Gerais
      • Rio de Janeiro
      • São Paulo
      • Brazilia Distrito Federal
      • Goiás
      • Mato Grosso
      • Mato Grosso do Sul

      Nationally Preferred Names

      NameLanguageCountry
      Scarlet Morning GloryEnglishBS

       Information From

      Convolvulaceae
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      • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
      MBG Floras Images
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      • B Missouri Botanical Garden
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      http://www.levypreserve.org
      Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve. 2020. Flora by Common Name and by Scientific Name. Bahamas National Trust. Available at www.levypreserve.org Accessed on (2020/07/09).
      • D Ethan Freid All rights Preserved
      • E Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve. All rights Preserved
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      https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
      http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
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      http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
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      http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
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      • O CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).