Evolvulus alsinoides (L.) L.
  • Sp. Pl. (ed. 2)
  • Dwarf Morning Glory 


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Evolvulus alsinoides (L.) L. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001296659. Accessed on: 04 Dec 2020'

General Information

Herbs perennial. Stems several to numerous, prostrate or ascending, slender, with appressed and spreading hairs. Leaves petiolate or subsessile, 0.7-2.5 cm X 5-10 mm. Cymes 1- to few flowered; peduncles filiform, 2.5-3.5 cm; bracts linear-subulate to linear-lanceolate, 1.5-4 mm. Sepals lanceolate, 3-4 mm, villous. Corolla rotate, 7-10 mm in diam. Stamens included; filaments filiform, adnate to base of corolla tube. Ovary glabrous. Styles 2, free. Capsule globose, 4-valved. Seeds 4 or fewer, black, smooth. Fl. and fr. year round. 2n = 26.

  • Provided by: [P].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
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    1. Evolvulus alsinoides (L.) L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2,392 (1762). Convolvulusalsinoides L., Sp. Pl. 157 (1753). Lectotipo (designado por Verdcourt,(1963): Sri Lanka, herb. Hermann 3: 55 (BM).Ilustr.: McDonald, Fl. Veracruz 73: 25, t. 4 (1993). N.v.: Ojitos azulitos, quiebra-cahete, G; cenicito,oreja de ratón, ES; x-havay, xiatiu, Y.

    Por D.F. Austin, J.A. McDonald y G. Murguía-Sánchez.

    Hierbasrastreras, perennes, 20-60 cm de altura. Hojas 0.7-1.8 × 0.4-0.7 cm, elípticaso angosto-elípticas, pubescentes con tricomas adpresos o patentes, la base obtusa, atenuada, el ápice ligeramente agudou obtuso. Inflorescencias axilares, cimosas. Flores generalmente solitariasu ocasionalmente 2 por axila, pedunculadas; sépalos 2-3 mm, lanceolados, agudos a acuminados, pubescentes; corola3-7 mm, campanulada, color azul-lila o blanca. Cápsulas 3-4 mm, esféricas,verde claro cuando están inmaduras y verde-rojizas al madurar; semillas1-4, 1.5-2 mm, ovoides a redondeadas, negras, lisas. Floración todo el año. Selvasbajas caducifolias (secundarias), selvas bajas inundables, matorrales de dunascosteras, bordes de manglares.Ch (Nelson 2948, US); Y (Cabrera y Cabrera 10714, MO); C (Rico-Gray 243, XAL); QR (Villanueva 365, CICY); B (Lundell534, US); G (Deam 6185, US); H (Standley 56222, US); ES (Calderón 1562, US); N (Neill 2883, MO); CR (Hammel 19343, MO); P (Standley 26436, US). 0-1900 m. (Estados Unidos [Florida aArizona], México, Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Guayanas, Ecuador, Bolivia,Brasil, Paraguay, Bahamas, Cuba, La Española, Jamaica, Antillas Menores, ViejoMundo.)

    Evolvolus alsinoides es una especie medicinal, utilizada para curar granosde la piel.

  • Provided by: [L].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
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    • 1
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    Evolvulus alsinoides (L.) L., Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 392. 1762; Convolvulus alsinoides L.; C. linifolius L.; E. linifolius (L.) L.

    Hierbas perennes; tallos herbáceos o sufruticosos, reclinados o ascendentes, pubescentes con tricomas patentes. Hojas oblongas, elíptico-oblongas o lanceoladas, 1–2.5 cm de largo y generalmente menos de 1 cm de ancho, agudas a obtusas en el ápice y en la base, pubescentes. Flores solitarias o inflorescencias cimosas, pedúnculos frecuentemente del mismo largo que las hojas; sépalos lanceolados, 2–3 mm de largo, agudos a acuminados, pubescentes; corola ampliamente campanulada a subrotácea, 3–7 mm de ancho, generalmente azul pálida, a veces blanca. Frutos globosos, 3–4 mm de ancho, glabros; semillas lisas, negras.

    Ocasional en matorrales, sitios rocosos y áreas cultivadas, en las zonas pacífica y norcentral; 0–1900 m; fl mar–dic, fr jun–dic; Neill 2883, Stevens 9915; Estados Unidos hasta Sudamérica, también en las Antillas y en el Viejo Mundo.

  • Provided by: [I].Flora de Nicaragua
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    Herbs; stems herbaceous or suffrutescent, reclining or ascending, pubescent with spreading trichomes. Leaves oblong, elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, 1-2.5 cm long, mostly less than 1 cm wide, subsessile, acute to obtuse basally and apically, pubescent. Flowers on peduncles mostly equaling the leaves; sepals lanceolate, acute or acuminate, 2-3 mm long, pubescent; corollas mostly pale blue, sometimes white, 3-7 mm broad; ovary glabrous. Fruits capsular, globose, glabrous; seeds black, smooth.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora de Panama
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    Hierba perenne, ± rastrera a erecta, hasta al menos 0.7 m; tallos a menudo subleñosos, pubescentes, sin raíces en los nudos. Hojas 1.5–4 X 0.6–1 cm, elíptico-oblongas a lanceoladas, esparcida a densamente adpreso- pubescentes en ambas caras y con tricomas patentes esparcidos. Infls. generalmente de 1 ó 2 fls.; pedúnculo hasta ca. 3.8 cm, a menudo de la misma longitud o más largo que las hojas. Fls. con pedicelo 5–9 mm; sépalos 3–3.5 mm; corola blanca o azul, 3–7 mm de diám.

  • Provided by: [M].Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica
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    "Slender, prostrate or ascending, 2–4 dm, thinly appressed-hairy; lvs scattered, commonly shorter than the internodes, spreading, oblong, 1–2 cm; fls numerous, either solitary or few together at the end of filiform, spreading peduncles longer than the subtending lvs; cor pale blue to white, rotate, 6 mm wide; 2n=26. A weed in the warmer parts of the world, intr. in Mo. Spring–summer."

  • Provided by: [O].New York Botanical Garden
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    Herbs. Stems herbaceous or suffrutescent, reclining or ascending, pubescent. Leaves oblong, elliptic-oblong or lanceolate, 1-2.5 cm long, subsessile, acute to obtuse basally and apically, pubescent. Flowers on peduncles, mostly equaling the leaves. Sepals lanceolate, acute or acuminate, 2-3 mm long, pubescent. Corolla mostly blue, sometimes white, 3-7 mm broad. Fruit capsular, globose, glabrous. Seeds black, smooth.

  • Provided by: [N].Flora of Pakistan
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    Morphology

    Seeds pale brown to black, ovoid, 1.7 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Sepals ovate-lanceolate, up to 5mm. long and 1 mm. wide, acute.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Peduncle slender, 1–5-flowered, 6–40 mm. long; bracts narrow, acute, up to 5 mm. long and 0.75 mm. wide; pedicels 2–10 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Capsule globose, 3–4 mm. long, 4-valved, 4-seeded.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Corolla blue, rarely white, the folds paler beneath, broadly funnel-shaped, about 6 mm. long and wide.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    An exceptionally variable annual or perennial herb, usually covered with rather long patent silky hairs.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Leaves subsessile or shortly petioled; blade elliptic to linear-oblong, 8–26 mm. long, 2–10 mm. wide, acute or rounded at both ends, silky pilose on both surfaces; petiole up to 3 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
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    Stems trailing or prostrate, but flowering shoots ascending.

  • Provided by: [J].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    • Source: [
    • 7
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    Seeds brown to black, ovoid, 1.7 mm. long, smooth, glabrous.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Capsule globose, 3–4 mm. long, glabrous, 4-valved, 4-seeded.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Ovary 2-celled, each cell 2-ovuled, glabrous; styles 2, stigmas 4, long, terete or subclavate.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Corolla blue, rarely white, the folds paler beneath, broadly funnel-shaped, up to 8 mm. long and wide.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    An extremely variable annual or perennial herb, thinly or sometimes rather densely covered with somewhat long patent silky hairs.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Calyx densely silky or villous, sepals ovate-lanceolate, up to 5 × 1 mm.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
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    Inflorescences axillary, 1-few-flowered; peduncle filiform, 5–50 mm. long, shorter to much longer than the leaves; bracts minute, lanceolate, up to 5 × 0·75 mm.; pedicesl filiform, short, up to 10 mm. long, spreading.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaves subsessile; leaf lamina elliptic, ovate-oblong, lanceolate to linear-oblong, 5–45 × 1–15 mm., acute or rounded at both ends, distinctly mucronate, silky pilose on both surfaces; petiole up to 3 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Stems few to several, spreading or ascending, slender, up to 50 cm. long.

  • Provided by: [F].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Decumbent or erect annual or perennial herb, thinly or sometimes densely covered with long patent silky hairs. Leaves/elliptic, ovate-oblong, lanceolate to linear-oblong, mucronate. Inflorescence axillary, 1-few-flowered. Corolla shallowly lobed. Capsule 2-locular. Flowers blue, rarely white.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Variable annual or perennial herb, thinly to rather densely covered with somewhat long patent silky hairs. Stems few to several, erect or decumbent, slender, up to 600 mm long. Leaves subsessile, elliptic to linear-oblong, apex acute to obtuse, distinctly mucronate, 10-20(-30) mm long; petiole up to 3 mm long. Inflorescence axillary, 1-few-flowered; peduncle filiform, shorter to much longer than leaves; bracts lanceolate, up to 5 mm long; pedicels filiform, 2-10 mm long, spreading. Calyx densely silky or villous; sepals ovate-lanceolate, acute, up to 5 mm long. Corolla rotate to broadly funnel-shaped, 6-8 mm long and wide, light blue, rarely white, folds paler beneath. Ovary 2-celled, glabrous; stigmas long, terete or subclavate. Capsule globose-depressed, 4-valved, glabrous, 3-4 mm long. Seeds 4, brown to black, smooth, ovoid, 1.7 mm long. Flowering time throughout the year, mostly October to May.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Annual or perennial herb; thinly or sometimes densely covered with long, patent, silky hairs. Stems decumbent or erect. Leaves with blade elliptic, ovate-oblong, narrowly ovate to linear-oblong, mucronate. Flowers: peduncles axillary, 1-few-flowered; style bifid with 2 subpeltate, bilobed stigmas; corolla rotate to broadly funnel-shaped, shallowly lobed, 6-8 mm long, blue, rarely white; Jul.-Jun. Fruit a globose-depressed, glabrous capsule, 3-4 mm long.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Habit

    Herbs

  • Provided by: [K].Flora de Panama
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    Evolvulus alsinoides grows as a lax perennial herb to 25 cm in height. The leaves are arranged alternately, oblong/elliptical, to 3 cm long and 0.5 cm wide with an entire margin, an acute leaf apex and leaf base. Leaves and stems covered with pubescent trichomes.The complete, perfect, actinomorphic flowers are solitary in leaf axils. The calyx has 5 unfused, green sepals. The funnelform corolla has 5 fused, pubescent, purplish blue to white petals. There are 5 functional stamens fused to the base of the corolla and 5 staminodes. The superior ovary with 2 locules and numerous ovules. The round fruit is a tan, many seeded capsule with glabrous seeds

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
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    Habitat

    Evolvulus alsinoides grows in exposed rocky soil and Human Altered environments (yards, roadsides).

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
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    Woodlands, grasslands, savanna, edges of thickets, roadsides, sandy soils and weed of cultivated land.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Vredefort Dome Savanna. Grassland, savanna, edges of thickets, roadsides, sandy soils and weed of cultivated land.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
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    It is found mostly in more or less open savannah and thornveld. It can also occur as a weed in waste places and arable or pastoral land.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
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    Distribution

    ranges from the southern United States through Central America and into South America. It is widely dispersed in the Old World tropics.

  • Provided by: [K].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
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    Evolvulus alsinoides occurs throughout the Lucayan Archipelago and is pantropical in distribution.

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    • Source: [
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    Widespread throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of both hemispheres. Common in the northern part of southern Africa.

  • Provided by: [G].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 18
    • ]. 

    Uses

    Evolvulus alsinoides is not known to be used medicinally in the Lucayan Archipelago. It has been used medicinally in the Far East particularly in India for a variety of ailments.

  • Provided by: [E].Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
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    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Amapí
    • Amazonas
    • Parí
    • Bahia
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Piauá
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Minas Gerais
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

    Nationally Preferred Names

    NameLanguageCountry
    Dwarf Morning Glory EnglishBS

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Convolvulaceae
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    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    MBG Floras Images
    http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
    Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
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    Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve
    http://www.levypreserve.org
    Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve. 2020. Flora by Common Name and by Scientific Name. Bahamas National Trust. Available at www.levypreserve.org Accessed on (2020/07/09).
    • D Ethan Freid All rights Preserved
    • E Leon Levy Native Plant Preserve. All rights Preserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
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    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • G All Rights Reserved
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    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
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    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Costa%20Rica
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    • M Missouri Botanical Garden
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    http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan
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    • N Missouri Botanical Garden
    New York Botanical Garden
    Descriptions of plants should be attributed to the full citation for each individual article, chapter or book that is the source for each record, which should include the authors of original publication.
    • O Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • P Missouri Botanical Garden
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    • Q CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).