Salicornia uniflora Toelken


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Salicornia uniflora Toelken. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001294691. Accessed on: 06 Apr 2020'

Diagnostic Description

Suffrutex erecta ad 20 cm alta, ad 15 cm lata. Articuli cylindrici carinati, costis lateralibus, 4-8 mm longi, 2-3(-4) mm lati, obscure virides vel purpurascentes; folia sicca vix extensi: folia mortua ramis inhaerentia. Spicae terminates et laterales, (8-)10-20(-30) mm longae, ad apices fastigiatae flore et fructu. Cymae uniflorae, raro biflorae, flore medio laterali longissimo. Perianthii tubus lobis 3, truncatus scutulo laterali, semini nonnunquam inhaerens. Antherae 2. Stigma cristata. Semina oblonga, fusca 2 mm longa, testa coriacea, pilosa, pilis adpressis apice circinatus; endospermum nullum; embryo conduplicatus.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Like S. meyeriana but flowers mostly 1 per cymule.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Jointed annual, up to 200 mm tall, with main stem up to 10 mm diam., lateral branches clustered, segments 2-3(-4) mm diam., often turning bluish red. Flowers 1 per cyme, if rarely 2 or 3 per cyme, then central one much larger than lateral ones, congested in terminal spike-like inflorescences.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Herbaceous annual, erect, up to 20 cm high and 15 cm in diameter; lateral branches fastigiate but not arising at an acute angle to the main branch. Barren segments cylindrical to barrel-shaped with keeled leaf apices and lateral ridge, 4-8 mm long, 2-3(4) mm in diameter, glaucous green fading to bluish-red; leaf apices scarcely spreading when dried. Sclereids in the palisade tissue spirally thickened. Spikes terminal and lateral, (8-)10-20(-30) mm long, tapering when flowering and fruiting. Cymules 1-flowered, rarely 2, 3-flowered; central flower much larger than the lateral flowers and rounded at the apex; flowers protandrous. Perianth tube with three crenate segements, truncate with lateral shield, sometimes adhering to seeds. Anthers 2, 0-5-0-8 mm long. Stigma tufted. Seeds compressed oblong, brown, 2-3 mm long, with membranous testa covered with long hairs, adpressed, coiled at the apex; endosperm absent: embryo conduplicate.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Saline marshes.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Coastal salt marshes.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    It grows at Lderitz Bay in maritime salt marshes in open spaces above the A. perenne zone.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    S Namibia and Langebaan Lagoon.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Atlantic Ocean seaboards near Lüderitz and in Langebaan Lagoon.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    This species is so far recorded only from Lderitz Bay and Malmesbury district.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Manning, JC; Goldblatt, P. 2012. Amaranthaceae. 309 - 313. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 2 Mucina, L; Snijman, DA. 2013. Amaranthaceae. 231 - 239. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
    • 3 Toelken, HR. 1967. The species of Arthrocnemum and Salicornia (Chenopodiaceae) in southern Africa. Bothalia 9(2): 255 - 307.

     Information From

    Amaranthaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).