Maerua nervosa Oliv.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Maerua nervosa Oliv. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001290476. Accessed on: 25 Oct 2020'

Morphology

Shrub, 1-2 m high; branchlets striate. Leaves simple or 3-foliolate, petiolate; leaflets elliptic, broadly elliptic or obovate, 2.5-6 cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm wide, apex rounded or emarginate, mucronulate, base cuneate to broadly cuneate, lateral veins 4-6, prominent below, joining to form a conspicuous looping submarginal vein, chartaceous, glabrous; petiole 0.8-2 cm long, channelled; petiolules 0.2-0.5 mm long, channelled. Inflorescence of axillary corymbose racemes, 4-6 flowered, aggregated towards the ends of the branches; peduncles 1.5-4.5 cm long; pedicels 1-2 cm long; bracts trifid, 1 mm long. Receptacle cylindric-infundibular, 5-7 mm long, 1.5-2 mm wide at mouth, longitudinally ribbed; disc lobed with lobes unequally laciniate, 0.8-1 mm long. Sepals 4, elliptic-broadly elliptic, navicular, 9-10 mm long, 5-8 mm wide, apex obtuse to round, uncinate, margins glabrous or ciliate. Petals 4, white, elliptic, 2.3-7 mm long, 1.2-5 mm wide, apex acute, apiculate, base clawed. Androphore 7 mm long, exserted 2 mm from receptacle. Stamens 18-30, c. 2 cm long; anthers 2 mm long. Gynophore 2.1-2.3 cm long. Ovary oblong-ellipsoid, 3 mm long; ovules 10-15; stigma sessile, capitate. Fruit reddish yellow, ellipsoid-cylindrical, 2.5-3.7 cm long, 1.3-1.5 cm diam., distinctly colliculate. Seeds 10-15, sub-globose, 5 mm diam., verrucose.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Found in dune scrub or forest along the coast.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Natal and Mozambique and on Inhaca Island off Mozambique. It also occurs n Rhodesia.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Killick, DJB. 1970. Maerua. Fl. S. Africa 13: 159 - 171. Dept. Agric. and Technical Services, Pretoria.

     Information From

    Capparaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • D Botanic Gardens Conservation International