Mammillaria tetrancistra Engelm.
  • Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2
  • Common fishhook cactus

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Mammillaria tetrancistra Engelm. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 17 Oct 2021'

General Information

Plants branched; branches 1-several. Roots fleshy taproots, to 24 cm, 5-8 cm diam. Stems cylindric to ovoid-cylindric, commonly 5-15(-25) × 3.5-7(-10) cm, flaccid; tubercles 4 mm diam.; axils short woolly; cortex and pith mucilaginous; latex absent. Spines 21-64 per areole, dark or light colored, depending largely on substrate color, glabrous (to hoary); radial spines 30-46(-60) per areole, white, bristlelike, 6-10 × 0.09-0.15 mm, stiff; central spines 1-3(-4) per areole, porrect or strongly projecting, usually hooked, (6-)13-18(-25) × (0.2-)0.3(-0.4) mm; subcentral spines several, often 12+ per areole, radiating in all directions, often resembling supplementary ring of radial spines, barely distinguishable from radial spines, stouter, longer and dark tipped or purplish. Flowers 2.5 × 2.5-3.5 cm; outermost tepal margins long fringed; inner tepals pink to rose-purple, margins sometimes paler or white, at least proximally, 24-26 × 4 mm; stigma lobes yellow-green to green. Fruits bright red, ellipsoid or cylindric to clavate, (8-)15-30 × 5-10 mm, juicy only in fruit walls; floral remnant quickly deciduous, leaving conspicuous abscission scar. Seeds black, conspicuously strophiolate, 1.4 -2.4 × 1.4 mm, pitted and rugose; testa hard; anticlinal cell walls straight (not undulate; interstices narrower than pit diameters; pits bowl-shaped; strophiole tan, large, corky. 2n = 22.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    Common fishhook cactus

     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • D See IUCN Terms and conditions of use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • E All Rights Reserved