Mammillaria dioica K. Brandegee
  • Erythea
  • California fishhook cactus, strawberry cactus

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Mammillaria dioica K. Brandegee. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 17 Oct 2021'

General Information

Plants unbranched or branched; branches 0-50. Roots diffuse, upper portion not enlarged. Stems nearly spheric to more often cylindric or long cylindric, 5-30 × 5-7 cm, firm; tubercles 5-12 × 3-7 mm; axils woolly, bearing 4-15 bristles (0 in young growth) as long as tubercles; cortex and pith not mucilaginous; latex absent. Spines 14-26 per areole, pinkish or reddish brown to black, glabrous; radial spines 11-22 per areole, usually white, bristlelike, 5-7 mm, stiff; central spines (1-)3-4 per areole, abaxial 1 porrect, hooked, longer, stouter, adaxial central spines ascending with radial spines; subcentral spines 0. Flowers 10-22 mm; outermost tepals entire or short fringed; inner tepals cream, usually with pinkish or reddish midstripes, longer in bisexual flowers, 5.4 mm diam.; stigma lobes yellow to greenish yellow or brownish green, 8 mm. Fruits bright scarlet, clavate or ovoid, 10-25(-35) × 10 mm, juicy only in fruit walls; floral remnant persistent. Seeds black, 0.8 × 0.6 mm, pitted; testa hard; anticlinal cell walls straight (not undulate); interstices conspicuously wider than pit diameters; pits bowl-shaped. 2n = 66.

  • Provided by: [B].Flora of North America @
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Other Local Names

    California fishhook cactus, strawberry cactus

     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Flora of North America @
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • B Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    International Union for Conservation of Nature v.3
    IUCN 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2019-1.
    • D See IUCN Terms and conditions of use
    International Union for Conservation of Nature
    IUCN 2016. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016-2
    • E All Rights Reserved