Brachythecium ruderale (Brid.) W.R. Buck
  • Mem. New York Bot. Gard.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Brachythecium ruderale (Brid.) W.R. Buck. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001202203. Accessed on: 23 Jan 2020'

General Information

Plants medium-sized, in moderately dense mats, light green to light yellow-green, occasionally intense green. Stems to 5 cm, creeping, terete-foliate, irregularly to regularly pinnate, branches to 5 mm, straight, terete-foliate. Stem leaves closely to loosely appressed, imbricate, broadly ovate, broadest at 1/7 leaf length, concave, plicate, 1.1-1.5(-1.9) × 0.5-0.7(-0.8) mm; base rounded, narrowly short-decurrent; margins plane or recurved, almost subentire to serrulate, sharply serrate distally; apex gradually to abruptly tapered, ; costa to 40-70% leaf length, slender, terminal spine absent; alar cells subquadrate to short-rectangular, small, 15-25 × 13-16 µm, walls moderately thick, region ± clearly delimited, , of 5-7 × 5-7 cells; laminal cells linear, 45-65 × 5-7 µm; basal cells 20-30 × 10-13 µm, region in 2 or 3 rows, . Branch leaves similar, narrower; margins more strongly serrate. Sexual condition dioicous. Seta reddish orange, 1.5-2.5 cm, smooth. Capsule slightly inclined, reddish orange, cylindric, weakly curved, 2-2.6 mm; annulus not separating; operculum long-conic or short-rostrate. Spores 12-18 µm.

  • Provided by: [D].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Plants ± lustrous, soft, slender, in dense mats. Stems irregularly to subpinnately branched, 25-75 mm long; pseudoparaphyllia foliose. Leaves crowded, erect to erect-spreading when dry, concave, plicate; narrowly ovate-lanceolate, gradually narrowed into long acumen; margins entire to denticulate; costa ending at or above mid-leaf. Upper laminal cells linear; alar cells quadrate to short-rectangular. Capsule inclined to horizontal, curved, cylindric; peristome double. Recognised by the slender, shiny, yellowish green plants and leaves with long slender acumina and a median fold often obscuring the costa.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Dry Grassland; Mesic Grassland. On soil.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Bahia
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Brachytheciaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • C Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • D Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).