Aerolindigia capillacea (Hornsch.) M. Menzel
  • Nova Hedwigia

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Aerolindigia capillacea (Hornsch.) M. Menzel. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 17 Jun 2021'

General Information

Plants small, slender in soft, pale green to golden green tufts. Primary stems creeping, irregularly pinnately branched, not stipitate; stems in cross section with one row of somewhat enlarged epider-mal cells, 2–3 rows of small, red, thick-walled cells, subepidermal cells, cortical cells enlarged, firm-walled, central strand weakly developed; paraphyllia and pseudoparaphyllia absent, scale leaves pres-ent; rhizoids in dense clusters, dark brown to blackish, smooth, not branched, from clusters of initials abaxial to the leaf insertions. Secondary stems erect or pendent, irregularly pinnately branched, to 5.5 cm long; axillary hairs 2-celled, hyaline. Stem leaves 1.5–2.0 mm long, branch leaves 1.0–1.4 mm long, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, widely spaced, erect-spreading, twisted when dry, apices often twisted, erect-spreading to spreading when wet, gradually acuminate, decurrent, inserted in a U-shaped line, stem leaves subcordate at base, branch leaves asymmetric at base; margins plane or narrowly recurved at base, serrulate to near the leaf base; costae single, ending 1/3–2/3 the leaf length, in cross section cells homogeneous, thick-walled; cells smooth, upper and median cells linear-fusiform, thick-walled, not porose, 50–70 x 5–8 µm; basal cells across the insertion short-rectangular, more or less enlarged; alar cells not or weakly differentiated as a few short-rectangular cells. Autoicous. Gemmate perigonia and perichaetia lateral on secondary stems. Setae elongate, erect, scabrose to papillose throughout, yellowish to red, 1–4 mm long. Capsules erect to somewhat inclined, ovate-cylindrical, 1–1.3 mm long; exothecial cells rounded to subquadrate below the mouth, rectangular below, with thin, wavy walls; stomata on neck; opercula obliquely conic to short-rostrate, 0.5 mm long; annuli rudimentary, of two rows of firm-walled cells; peristome diplolepideous; exostome teeth reddish brown, narrowly triangular, dorsal (outer) surface densely cross-striate in lower half, papil-lose above, ventral (inner) surface smooth, considerably narrower than the dorsal surface; endostome yellow, smooth to lightly papillose, as long as the exostome, basal membranes high, segments strongly keeled, perforate, cilia absent. Spores round, lightly papillose, bimodal: 10–15 µm and 20–30

  • Provided by: [C].Moss Flora of Central America
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Rio Grande do Sul
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo

     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Moss Flora of Central America
    Moss Flora of Central America. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • C Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).