Philonotis cernua (Wilson) D.G. Griffin & W.R. Buck
  • Bryologist


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Philonotis cernua (Wilson) D.G. Griffin & W.R. Buck. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001195590. Accessed on: 17 Jun 2021'

General Information

Plants small, delicate, in lax to dense tufts, glaucous or yellowish throughout. Stems 0.5(-2) cm, erect, simple; tomentose proximally. Leaves laxly erect-appressed, sometimes somewhat secund when dry, erect-spreading when moist, lanceolate, 0.5-1 mm; margins plane to weakly revolute, serrulate distally, teeth single; apex acute to acuminate; costa percurrent, abaxial surface rough; laminal cells prorulose at one or both ends; basal cells similar to distal cells, wider (6-8 µm); distal cells rectangular, 20-30 × 4-6 µm. Specialized asexual reproduction absent. Sexual condition synoicous. Seta 0.5-1.5 cm, curved. Capsule 0.8-1.5 mm, smooth to irregularly wrinkled when dry. Spores reniform, 36-44 µm.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

     

    4. Philonotis cernua (Wils.) Griffin & Buck   垂蒴泽藓   chui shuo ze xian Bryologist 92: 376. 1989. Glyphocarpa cernua Wils., Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 3: 383. 1841. Type: Europe. Philonotis wilsonii (Bruch & Schimp.) Mitt., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 153. 1863. Bartramia wilsonii (Bruch & Schimp.) C. Müll., Syn. Musc. Frond. 1: 479. 1848. Bartramidula wilsonii Bruch & Schimp. in B.S.G., Bryol. Eur. 4: 57. pl. 327. 1846.   Plants small, green to yellowish green, in loose or dense tufts. Stems erect, ca. 1.0 cm high, branched at top of stems, lower leaves deciduous, with brownish rhizoids at base. Leaves in two forms: upper stem leaves oblong- to ovate-lanceolate; lower ones broadly triangular-lanceolate; all leaves erect when dry, erect-spreading when moist; margins plane or slightly recurved below, serrulate above, entire below; costae percurrent; upper leaf cells rhombic, rectangular, ca. 40 µm × 10 µm, with papillae at upper cell ends; lower cells quadrate or shortly rectangular. Synoicous. Setae 2–4 cm long, reddish; capsules ovoid or pyriform, furrowed when dry, pendulous. Spores not seen.  

  • Provided by: [B].Moss Flora of China
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Philonotis cernua (Wils.) Griffin & Buck, Bryologist 92: 376. 1989.

    Gyphocarpa cernua Wils., J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 383. 1841. Bartramidula cernua (Wils.) Lindb., Öfvers. Förh. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk.-Akad. 20: 389. 1863. Glyphocarpus cernuus Wils. ex Par., Index Bryol. 512. 1896. Protologue: Ireland and Wales. On Connor Hill in Ireland in the year 1829, and subsequently at Curn Bychan, near Harlech [Wales], by the Rev. Mr. Salwey, 38 .

    Bartramidula wilsonii Bruch & Schimp. in B.S.G., Bryol. Eur. 4: 57. 1846. Bartramia wilsonii (Bruch & Schimp. in B.S.G.) C. Müll., Syn. Musc. Frond. 1: 479. 1848. Philonotis wilsonii (Bruch & Schimp. in B.S.G.) Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 7: 153. 1863. Glyphocarpus wilsonii (Bruch & Schimp. in B.S.G.) Jaeg., Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1873–74: 59. 1875.  Protologue: Britain and Ireland. In montosis Britanniae et Irlandiae. Ad Cannor Hill Irlandiae, prope Corn Bychon Valesiae, in Alpibus scoticis ad Glen-Dole in Clova mountains copiose.

    Bartramia patula Mitt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 12: 255. 1869. Glyphocarpus patulus (Mitt.) Jaeg., Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1873–74: 60. 1875. Bartramidula patula (Mitt.) Par., Index. Bryol. 116. 1894. Philonotis patula (Mitt.) Griffin & Buck, Bryologist 92: 376. 1989. Protologue: Guatemala. Guatemala, Volcan de Agua (7000–12,000 ped.), inter caespites Tortulae aeneae, Godman et Salvin (FH).

    Bartramidula mexicana Schimp. ex Besch., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 16: 202. 1872. Glyphocarpus mexicanus (Schimp. ex Besch.) Jaeg., Ber. Thätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1873–74: 60. 1875. Bartramia mexicana (Schimp. ex Besch.) C. Müll., Gen. Musc. Frond. 335. [1900] 1901. Philonotis mexicana (Schimp. ex Besch.) Griffin & Buck, Bryologist 92: 376. 1989. Protologue: Mexico. Orizaba, F. Müller.

    Bartramidula carolinae Sharp ex Flow. in Grout, Moss Fl. N. Amer. 2(3): 163. 1935. Bartramia carolinae (Sharp ex Flow.) Grout, Moss Fl. N. Amer. 2(5): 275. 1940. Protologue: North Carolina. Bridal Veil Falls, Highlands, North Carolina, 3500 feet (Sharp). 

    Plants small, in loose, yellowish green tufts, to10 mm high. Stems red; rhizoids at base, reddish brown, smooth to lightly roughened. Leaves 0.6–1.4 mm long, erect when dry or erect-spreading when wet, straight, lanceolate; apices acuminate; margins plane, singly serrate; costae percurrent; cells papillose, papillae at lower cell ends on dorsal side of leaf and median/basal cells on ventral side of leaf, papillae at upper ends of apical cells on ventral surface, upper cells rectangular, firm‑walled, 12–30 x 5 μm, basal cells rectangular, to 40 x 10 μm, alar cells not or weakly differentiated. Synoicous. Setae 4–8 mm long, flexuose to cygneous, red. Capsules 1.5 mm long, brown, ovoid to globose, erect to inclined, irregularly rugose; exothecial cells thin-walled; opercula conic-convex, 0.2 mm long; peristome absent. Spores reniform, 40–42 μm, papillose.

  • Provided by: [D].Moss Flora of Central America
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    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Ceará
    • Maranh
    • Paraába
    • Sergipe
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Brazilia Distrito Federal
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso

     Information From

    Bartramiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Moss Flora of China
    http://tropicos.org/Project/MFC
    Moss Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • C Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Moss Flora of Central America
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/Moss/centralamerica/welcome.shtml
    Moss Flora of Central America. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • F CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).