Archidium ohioense Schimp. ex Müll. Hal.
  • Syn. Musc. Frond.


This taxon is accepted by Archidiaceae
Notes: More details could be found in The Plant List v.1.1. Originally in The Plant List v.1.0

General Description

Plants 2-20 mm, perennial, sometimes gregarious but mostly in dense short turfs, green to yellow-green. Stems variable, simple, with few innovations, or often short and multi-branched by numerous innovations from axils of stem leaves or exterior perichaetial leaves, often becoming prostrate with age, innovations fragile and often detached. Stem leaves erect to erect-spreading, lanceolate, triangular or ovate-lanceolate, narrowly acuminate to subulate, 0.5-2 mm, becoming reduced proximally; costa percurrent to distinctly excurrent in hairpoint; laminal margins plane, smooth or finely serrulate distally; median laminal cells rhomboidal to prosenchymatous, 4-8:1, 45-90 × 9-15 µm, somewhat shorter distally and along margin, proximal cells short-rectangular to rectangular, 2-4:1, 25-60 × 12-16 µm, short-rectangular to quadrate in alar region in 2-6 rows extending 6-15 cells along proximal lamina margin; leaves of innovations similar to distal stem leaves except smaller, often sharply reduced proximally. Perichaetial leaves variable in shape, ovate, oblong, ovate-lanceolate to lanceolate, larger, 1-2 mm, short- to long-acuminate; costa percurrent to long-excurrent, often forming pellucid hairpoint; laminal margins smooth, plane or rarely weakly recurved; median laminal cells rhomboidal, linear-rhomboidal to prosenchymatous, 4-8:1, 45-140 × 9-15 µm, shorter distally and along margin, proximal cells hyaline, lax, rectangular to rhomboidal, 4-6:1, 50-90 × 12-18 µm. Specialized asexual reproduction absent. Sexual condition autoicous, antheridia terminating axillary leaf buds. Capsule lateral, or both lateral and terminal, 270-600 µm. Spores typically 16(4-60) per capsule, rounded-triangular to polyhedral, 110-320 µm, pale yellow, smooth to papillose.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Diagnostic Description

    Two growth forms of A. ohioense can be recognized in Southern Africa. In the short `form', branching is mostly by subperichaetial innovations; the stem leaves are rapidly reduced to ovate-lanceolate bracts below, and the perichaetial leaves are large, broadly ovate-lanceolate and have percurrent to excurrent costae. The tall, little branched, subflexuose `form' has lateral perichaetia. The narrowly long-triangular stem leaves are distant, widespreading and reduced only near the stem base. The perichaetial leaves in this `form' are smaller with a more or less percurrent costa. Although there is a complete gradient from the short `form' to the tall `form' in North America, this is not evident in Southern Africa. The tall, subflexuose `form' occurs in moist, shady habitats and is known in Southern Africa from a single specimen collected in the Ngoya Forest of Zululand. The short `form' is more common and occurs in drier, open habitats.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Plants forming loose turfs, yellow-green; terricolous. Stems erect or subflexuose, 2-15 mm high, simple or branching; in section with central strand, cortical cells large, thin- walled, outer 1-2 rows smaller. Leaves bract-like below, erect-spreading or wide-spreading above, ovate-lanceolate to ovate or occasionally narrowly lanceolate, short-acuminate to subulate, 0.9-1.5 mm long; base often clasping; margins plane, entire or serrulate above. Costa percurrent to excurrent as hair-point; in section cells undifferentiated. Laminal cells rhomboidal to fusiform, basal cells rectangular to quadrate. Perichaetia terminal or lateral. Leaves erect, ovate, oblong-ovate, ovate-lanceolate or lanceolate, acuminate, 0.7-1.8 mm long; margins plane to recurved; entire to serrulate above. Costa percurrent to excurrent as hair- point; in section round, cells undifferentiated, incrassate. Laminal cells rhomboidal to fusiform, frequently lax, 37-95 µm long, walls (1.7-)2.8(-4.4) µm wide, lumen (7-)12-15 µm wide; basal cells rhomboidal to rectangular, lax, hyaline below. Spores 8-60 per capsule, rounded triangular to polyhedral, 97-176 µm, smooth to granulose, yellow.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Plants forming loose turfs, yellow-green. Stems 2-15 mm long. Perichaetial leaves erect; ovate, oblong-ovate or lanceolate, 0.7-1.8 mm long; margins entire to serrulate above; costa percurrent to excurrent as hair-point. Laminal cells rhomboidal to fusiform, 37-95 jm long; basal cells rhomboidal to rectangular. Spores 8-60 per capsule, smooth to granulose, yellow.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    The plants grow on sandy soil in moist or dry habitats.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Mesic Grassland. On soil.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    This species is widely distributed and has been collected in North America, West Indies, India, Sri Lanka, Japan and Africa. In Southern Africa it is known from the southwestern and southern Cape, Zululand, Swaziland and the eastern and central Transvaal and South West Africa/Namibia.

  • Provided by: [D].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 3
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Alagoas
    • Bahia
    • Ceará
    • Paraába
    • Pernambuco
    • Piauá
    • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Minas Gerais
    • Goiás
    • Mato Grosso
    • Mato Grosso do Sul

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Archidiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • B Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • D All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).