Diphyscium foliosum (Hedw.) D. Mohr
  • Index Mus. Pl. Crypt.

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Diphyscium foliosum (Hedw.) D. Mohr. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001164571. Accessed on: 27 Jan 2021'

General Information


2. Diphyscium foliosum (Hedw.) Mohr   短颈藓   duan jing xian Index Mus. Pl. Crypt. 3. 1803. Buxbaumia foliosa Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 166. 1801. Type: Europe. Diphyscium granulosum P.-C. Chen, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 58: 34. 7. 1955. Type: China. Sichuan (Szetschwan), Chien-wei (Qian-wei) Co., P.-C. Chen 1106 (holotype PE; isotypes NICH, S). Diphyscium macrophyllum C.-K. Wang & S.-H. Lin, Hikobia 7: 21. 1974. Type: China. Taiwan, Ilan Co., Tatung Hsiang, Mt. Taiping, S.-H. Lin 2804 (holotype TUNGH).   Plants small, 3–10 mm high, in clumps or in scattered tufts. Stems simple; central strand absent. Leaves crisped when dry, spreading when moist, 1–5 mm × 0.3–0.6 mm, ligulate or lingulate to somewhat linear or sometimes narrowly oblong-ovate; obtuse to broadly acute, sometimes cucullate at apex; leaf margins entire at base, irregularly crenulate above, often unistratose, sometimes bistratose; costa percurrent, with dorsal and ventral stereid bands; leaf cells bistratose in upper part, unistratose at extreme base; median cells rounded quadrate to rounded hexagonal, 6–11 µm in diameter, pluripapillose; basal cells rectangular, 20–70 µm × 5–10 µm, hyaline, smooth. Axillary hairs 7–13 cells long. Dioicous. Male plants often somewhat smaller than female plants. Perichaetia terminal; perichaetial leaves lanceolate, awn excurrent, papillose. Setae very short, to 0.2 mm long; capsules oblong-ovoid, obliquely asymmetric, ventricose, 2.5–4.5 mm × 1–2 mm, abruptly narrowed at base and mouth; exothecial cells collenchymatous, irregularly shaped, smooth; stomata at base of capsules, superficial; annuli differentiated, consisting of 1–3 rows of thick-walled cells, persistent or deciduous; opercula conic, to 1 mm long, sometimes cucullate, acute; peristome present. Calyptrae narrowly conic, acute, smooth. Spores spherical, 8–13 µm in diameter, papillose.    

  • Provided by: [B].Moss Flora of China
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 



    Shaw, A. J., L. E. Anderson, and B. D. Mishler. 1987. Peristome development in mosses in relation to systematics and evolution. I. Diphyscium foliosum (Buxbaumiaceae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 45: 55-70.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

     Information From

    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Moss Flora of China
    Moss Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).