Diphyscium foliosum (Hedw.) D. Mohr
  • Index Mus. Pl. Crypt.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2021): Diphyscium foliosum (Hedw.) D. Mohr. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001164571. Accessed on: 27 Jan 2021'

General Information

 

2. Diphyscium foliosum (Hedw.) Mohr   短颈藓   duan jing xian Index Mus. Pl. Crypt. 3. 1803. Buxbaumia foliosa Hedw., Sp. Musc. Frond. 166. 1801. Type: Europe. Diphyscium granulosum P.-C. Chen, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 58: 34. 7. 1955. Type: China. Sichuan (Szetschwan), Chien-wei (Qian-wei) Co., P.-C. Chen 1106 (holotype PE; isotypes NICH, S). Diphyscium macrophyllum C.-K. Wang & S.-H. Lin, Hikobia 7: 21. 1974. Type: China. Taiwan, Ilan Co., Tatung Hsiang, Mt. Taiping, S.-H. Lin 2804 (holotype TUNGH).   Plants small, 3–10 mm high, in clumps or in scattered tufts. Stems simple; central strand absent. Leaves crisped when dry, spreading when moist, 1–5 mm × 0.3–0.6 mm, ligulate or lingulate to somewhat linear or sometimes narrowly oblong-ovate; obtuse to broadly acute, sometimes cucullate at apex; leaf margins entire at base, irregularly crenulate above, often unistratose, sometimes bistratose; costa percurrent, with dorsal and ventral stereid bands; leaf cells bistratose in upper part, unistratose at extreme base; median cells rounded quadrate to rounded hexagonal, 6–11 µm in diameter, pluripapillose; basal cells rectangular, 20–70 µm × 5–10 µm, hyaline, smooth. Axillary hairs 7–13 cells long. Dioicous. Male plants often somewhat smaller than female plants. Perichaetia terminal; perichaetial leaves lanceolate, awn excurrent, papillose. Setae very short, to 0.2 mm long; capsules oblong-ovoid, obliquely asymmetric, ventricose, 2.5–4.5 mm × 1–2 mm, abruptly narrowed at base and mouth; exothecial cells collenchymatous, irregularly shaped, smooth; stomata at base of capsules, superficial; annuli differentiated, consisting of 1–3 rows of thick-walled cells, persistent or deciduous; opercula conic, to 1 mm long, sometimes cucullate, acute; peristome present. Calyptrae narrowly conic, acute, smooth. Spores spherical, 8–13 µm in diameter, papillose.    

  • Provided by: [B].Moss Flora of China
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Literature

    SELECTED REFERENCE

    Shaw, A. J., L. E. Anderson, and B. D. Mishler. 1987. Peristome development in mosses in relation to systematics and evolution. I. Diphyscium foliosum (Buxbaumiaceae). Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 45: 55-70.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

     Information From

    Buxbaumiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Moss Flora of China
    http://tropicos.org/Project/MFC
    Moss Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2020.
    • B Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora of North America @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1
    'Flora of North America @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=1 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • C Flora of North America Association
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).