Asplenium phillipsianum (Kümmerle) Bir, Fraser-Jenk. & Lovis
  • Fern Gaz.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Asplenium phillipsianum (Kümmerle) Bir, Fraser-Jenk. & Lovis. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001115874. Accessed on: 27 May 2020'

Diagnostic Description

Fronds with weaker, flexible rachis; pinnae abaxially sparsely covered with ovate lanceolate scales; sori large and confluent. Pinnae adnate to rachis and decurrent throughout; rachis almost winged throughout.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Rhizome to 4 mm diam., erect or procumbent; scales sessile, clathrate, lanceolate, 3-4 x 0.6-1.0 mm, acuminate, frequently with a hair point, irregularly serrate, sometimes bicolorous, with dark chestnut-brown central region, sometimes with darker apex, with paler margins throughout, with narrowly oblong to ovate cells. Fronds tufted, suberect to spreading; stipe 5-20(-30) mm long, dark chestnut-brown, densely scaled, scales sessile, lanceolate, 3-4 x 0.7-1.0 mm, acuminate, irregularly serrate, glossy, bicolorous, distally dark brown and proximally chestnut-brown with paler margins throughout, with narrowly oblong to ovate cells; lamina herbaceous, involute and inrolled when dry, elliptic to obovate in outline, pinnatisect to very shallowly 2-pinnatifid, (5-)70-100(-130) x (16-)24-33(-50) mm, lower pinnae gradually decrescent, occasionally produces 1-3 gemmae situated adaxially in the sinus of the distal pinnules; rachis almost winged throughout, scales as for stipe but 2.5-3.0 x 0.6-1.0 mm, concolorous reddish brown, sometimes chestnut-brown towards apex; pinnae (6-)10-20(-25) x (3-)4-6(-9) mm, adnate to rachis with decurrent base throughout, narrowly ovate-oblong, obtuse, margin entire to weakly sinuate, glabrous above at maturity, abaxially sparsely scaled, scales sessile, lanceolate, 1.7-2.4 x 0.6-0.8 mm, attenuate, finely serrate, glossy, brown, with oblong cells; sori linear along (obscure) veins, 2-3 mm long, becoming confluent at maturity, exindusiate, not totally obscured by scales.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    This species is typically found close to streams, shaded under trees on steep damp earth banks.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Asplenium phillipsianum occurs from the northern provinces of South Africa (Limpopo, North West, Gauteng, and Mpumalanga), through central and tropical Africa as far north as Socotra; also known from Reunion and Madagascar.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

      Bibliography

    • 1 Fern Gaz.
    • 2 Klopper, RR; Crouch, NR. 2012. Recircumscription and distribution of elements of the ‘Ceterach cordatum’ complex (Asplenium: Aspleniaceae) in southern Africa. Bothalia 42(1): 15 - 20.

     Information From

    Aspleniaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).