Histiopteris incisa (Thunb.) J. Sm.
  • Hist. Fil.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2019): Histiopteris incisa (Thunb.) J. Sm. Published on the Internet; http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001107320. Accessed on: 22 Oct 2019'

General Information

1. Histiopteris incisa (Thunb.) J. Sm., Hist. Fil. 295 (1875).

Por R.C. Moran.

Pteris incisa Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap. 171 (1800). Isotipo: Sudáfrica, Thunberg s.n. (S).

Litobrochia incisa (Thunb.) C. Presl.

Rizoma 5-10 mm de ancho, peloso y escamoso, los tricomas y las escamas castaño; hojas 0.5-4 m, generalmente escandentes; pecíolo atropurpúreo a pajizo, glabro o escamoso y peloso en la base; lámina 2-pinnada a 3-pinnado-pinnatífida, generalmente glauco en el envés; pinnas y pínnulas perpendiculares al raquis y costas; nervaduras areoladas a lo largo de las costillas medias, libres hacia los márgenes, pelosas abaxialmente, los tricomas pardo oscuro, multicelulares. Bosques de Quercus, bosques de neblina, páramos, especialmente en orillas de bosques y riberas. Ch (Purpus 6056, UC); G (Steyermark 48749, UC); H (Morton 7462, MO); ES (Seiler 1195, UC); N (Shimek s.n., MO); CR (Davidse et al. 28671, MO); P (Croat 26402, MO). 1300-3100 m. (S. México, Mesoamérica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Perú, Bolivia, S. Brasil, Islas Juan Fernández, Antillas, SE. Asia, África, Nueva Zelanda, Tasmania.)

Histiopteris incisa es uno de los helechos más ampliamente difundidos en el mundo. Se puede reconocer por las pinnas sésiles o subsésiles, opuestas o subopuestas y nervaduras anastomosadas.

  • Provided by: [G].Flora Mesoamericana
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • 8
    • ]. 

    Plants ca. 2 m tall. Rhizome long creeping, robust, to 5 mm in diam., densely scaly; scales castaneous-brown, shiny, lanceolate, thick, often twisted at apex; stipe reddish castaneous, shiny, ca. 1 m × up to 5 mm, terete, basally tuberculate and ± rough, apically glabrous; lamina cinereous-green or light cinereous, adaxially brown-green, 2- or 3-pinnate, triangular or oblong-triangular, 50-100 cm, herbaceous or papery when dried, glabrous; pinnae opposite, spreading or oblique, or distally acroscopically falcate, sessile, lowest pinnules much smaller than next pair, seated like stipules at very base of pinnae; basal pinnae narrowly triangular, often 25-45 × 13-30 cm, basally truncate, 1-pinnate or 2-pinnatipartite, apically acute; pinnules many, opposite, spreading, sessile, basal 1-3 pairs larger, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 10-15 × 3-4 cm, basally rounded-truncate to broadly cuneate, 1-pinnate or pinnatifid at costule, apically long caudate (2.5-4 cm); segments 6-9 pairs, opposite, spreading or slightly decumbent, second pair often larger, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 1.5-4 cm × 5-8 mm, segment base usually connate with costule, incision equal to segment width, or slightly wider, entire or pinnatifid up to 1/2, margin undulate, or undulate rounded-serrate, apex obtuse or shortly acuminate; veins reticulate, with regular rows of costal and costular areoles, remaining areoles smaller, conspicuous on both surfaces; rachises and costules shiny, glabrous, slightly grooved adaxially, often changing from reddish brown to brown-straw-colored to straw-colored.

  • Provided by: [E].Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    • Source: [
    • 7
    • ]. 

    Histiopteris incisa (Thunb.) J. Sm., Hist. Fil. 295. 1875; Pteris incisa Thunb. Fig. 65 A–C.Rizoma con escamas angostamente lanceoladas y tricomas cafés; hojas con crecimiento inde­terminado; pecíolo de color muy oscuro al igual que el raquis y el resto de los ejes en la lámina, a veces con escamas y tricomas sólo en la base; lámina con pinnas opuestas, sésiles; pínnulas también opuestas sobre el raquis de la pinna; nervios forman­do 1 hilera de aréolas a lado y lado de la costa y de ahí continuando libres (1- ó 2-bifurcados) hasta alcanzar el margen de los últimos segmentos. Laderas rocosas en nebliselvas; Shimek s.n.; 1200–1400 m; México a Bolivia y sur de Brasil, las Antillas, sur de África, este y sudeste de Asia, Nueva Zelanda y Tasmania. Puede separarse de Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn, con el que guarda cierta seme­janza, por las pínnulas proximales estipulifor­mes superpuestas sobre el raquis, la hilera de aréolas a lado y lado de la costa y la superficie foliar glabra y glauca. EN

  • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
    • Source: [
    • 9
    • ]. 

    Morphology

    Rhizome creeping, set with brown hairs. Veins anastomosing freely. Fronds glabrous and glaucous. Indusium formed from reflexed margin of lamina. Lamina 2- or 3-pinnatifid, up to 0.4 x 0.19 m. Sori marginal, continuous, with paraphyses.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Rhizomatous perennial, rhizome widely creeping. Fronds arching, to 3 m long, stipe glabrous, lamina pinnatifid to 2-pinnatifid, broadly lanceolate, proximal pinnae segments auriculate and developed close to the rachis, ultimate lobes oblong, entire to sinuate. Sori linear along margins of ultimate lobes, indusium entire.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Ecology

    Open ground from near sea level to 4, 000 ft.

  • Provided by: [C].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    • Source: [
    • 2
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Forest margins and streambanks.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 10
    • ]. 

    Moist stream banks, 180-800 m.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Montane forest and on streambanks from 150-1700 m.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Gifberg to W Africa, Madagascar.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 12
    • ]. 

    Southern Hemisphere. Cape Province, Natal, Transvaal, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Zambia, Angola, Zaire, Tanzania, Uganda, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, as well as Fernando Po, São Tomé, Ascension Island, Tristan da Cunha, Inaccessible Island, Nightingale Island, Gough Island, Madagascar, Comoro Islands, Mauritius and Reunion.

  • Provided by: [B].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 13
    • ]. 

    Distribution Map

     
    • Native distribution
    Found in
    • Southern America Brazil Roraima
    • Bahia
    • Paraní
    • Rio Grande do Sul
    • Santa Catarina
    • Espirito Santo
    • Minas Gerais
    • Rio de Janeiro
    • São Paulo
    • Goiás

      Bibliography

     Information From

    Dennstaedtiaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • B All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FWTA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • C The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
    Flora de Nicaragua
    http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
    WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
    • D Missouri Botanical Garden
    Flora Of CHina @ efloras.org
    http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2
    'Flora of China @ eFloras (2008). Published on the Internet http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=2 [accessed August 2016]' Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
    • E Missouri Botanical Garden
    Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020
    http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br
    Brazil Flora G (2014): Brazilian Flora 2020 project - Projeto Flora do Brasil 2020. v393.147. Instituto de Pesquisas Jardim Botanico do Rio de Janeiro. Dataset/Checklist. doi:10.15468/1mtkaw
    • F Group Brazil Flora, REFLORA Program
    Flora Mesoamericana
    http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/fm/
    Gerrit Davidse, Mario Sousa Sánchez, A. O. Chater, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Instituto de Biología, Missouri Botanical Garden, Natural History Museum (London, England) UNAM, 1994
    • G Missouri Botanical Garden
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).