Xylotheca kraussiana Hochst.
  • Fl. Zonas Vida Ecuador


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Xylotheca kraussiana Hochst. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001062866. Accessed on: 01 Apr 2020'

Diagnostic Description

Wild (I.e.) described var. glabrifolia and distinguished it from var. kraussiana by its glabrous vegetative parts. Examination of a wide range of material shows that this difference does not hold and the distribution is practically the same, therefore var. glabrifolia is not upheld in this treatment. It is interesting to note that X. kotzei, which Wild sinks under X. kraussiana var. kraussiana, has a holotype with sparsely pubescent vegetative parts, while the paratypes, apparently from the same tree, are completely glabrous.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
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    Morphology

    From southern Africa, has been grown around Nairobi, e.g. Grahame Bell 3.

  • Provided by: [D].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
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    Small shrub up to 1.6 m. tall, young branches from densely yellowish-pubescent to quite glabrous.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Fruit woody, c. 4 x 2–5 cm., ovoid or ellipsoid, with c. 8 longitudinal ridges, splitting into c. 8 longitudinal segments; style persistent as a hard point.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Seeds many, 9 x 5 mm., ellipsoid, brownish, pilose with a red sticky aril down one side.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Sepals usually 3, c. 1.5 x 1 cm., broadly obovate, very concave, apex rounded, margins membranous, ± densely pubescent outside.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Petals white, 7–12, up to 3.5 x 1.5 cm., oblanceolate to obovate, tapering to the base, with scattered woolly hairs.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Stamens very numerous; filaments slender, c. 6 mm. long, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; anthers c. 6 x 1 mm., linear, glabrous, or sparsely pubescent.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
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    Ovary ellipsoid, densely hairy, sulcate; style up to 5 mm. long, columnar, somewhat sulcate, glabrous or somewhat hairy at the base; stigmas 4–6, spreading, up to 1 mm. long.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    • Source: [
    • 2
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    Flowers in 1–3-flowered cymes in the axils of the leaves or terminal on the branches; peduncle up to 2 cm. long, pubescent or glabrous; pedicels up to 3.5 cm. long, pubescent or glabrous, with minute, caducous, deltoid bracts at their base.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Leaf-lamina 6–10 x 2–5 cm., elliptic, oblong-elliptic or narrowly obovate, apex obtuse or acute, base rounded or broadly cuneate, margin sometimes somewhat revolute, slightly paler below, pubescent or quite glabrous on both surfaces, lateral nerves in 7–11 pairs, slightly prominent below, looped within the margin; petiole up to c. 1 cm. long, pubescent or glabrous.

  • Provided by: [B].Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
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    Tree or shrub up to 10 m tall; branchlets glabrous or pubescent. Leaf-blade elliptic to broadly elliptic or obovate, 4-12 cm long, 1.7-4 cm wide, apex acuminate, acute to rounded, base narrowly cuneate to rounded, margin entire, midrib prominent, veins 6-8 pairs, dividing near margin to form conspicuous submarginal vein, membranous to chartaceous, glabrous or pubescent; petiole 0.5-1 cm long, glabrous or pubescent. Flowers in 1-3-flowered cymes in axils of leaves or on the branches; peduncles 2-3 cm long; pedicels up to 4.5 cm long, glabrous or pubescent. Sepals 3, ovate to obovate, 1.5-1.8 cm long, 1 cm wide, deeply concave, apex rounded, green but margins white, pubescent outside. Petals white, 7-12, obovate, 2-3.5 cm long, 0.5-1.5 cm wide, narrowed at base, glabrous or sparsely woolly. Stamens numerous; filaments 6 mm long, with scattered hairs; anthers linear, 5 mm long. Ovary ellipsoid, sulcate, densely hairy; style 0.8-1.0 cm long, columnar; stigmas 4, spreading, 1 mm long. Fruit woody, ovoid or ellipsoid with 8 longitudinal ridges, beaked, splitting into 4-8 segments. Seeds numerous, reddish black, obvoid, 7 mm long, 5 mm wide, with fleshy red aril along one side.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Habitat

    Usually a forest margin shrub or tree found along the coast.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
    • Source: [
    • 4
    • ]. 

    Distribution

    Natal from the Port Shepstone area northwards into Mozambique. Also occurring in the north-eastern Transvaal.

  • Provided by: [C].e-Flora of South Africa
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      Bibliography

     Information From

    Achariaceae
    World Flora Online Data. 2017.
    • A CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    e-Flora of South Africa
    e-Flora of South Africa. v1.21. 2018. South African National Biodiversity Institute. http://ipt.sanbi.org.za/iptsanbi/resource?r=flora_descriptions&v=1.21
    • C All Rights Reserved
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • D
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    Global Tree Assessment
    http://www.bgci.org/
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • F Botanic Gardens Conservation International