"Malodorous, frequently branched, rounded shrubs to 2 m, often forming thickets; lfls 3, sessile or nearly so, at least the terminal one few-toothed or -cleft above the middle; fls pale yellow, in several short (1–2 cm), spike-like lateral clusters formed from axillary buds in late summer the previous year and expanding with (or just after) or before the lvs in the spring; frs 4–5 mm, bright red, densely hairy. Open woods, sand-dunes, and other open places; sw. Que. and w. Vt. to nw. Fla., w. to Alta., Oreg., Calif., and Mex. (R. trilobata) Variable, with 4 vars. in our range."