Solanum schimperianum Hochst. ex A.Rich.
  • "H. ex A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 98. 1850., 1850."

Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Solanum schimperianum Hochst. ex A.Rich. Published on the Internet; Accessed on: 10 Apr 2020'

General Information

Erect or scandent shrub, 1-2 m, unarmed. Young stems terete, sparsely to moderately stellate-pubescent and unarmed, with porrect to multangulate, sessile or variously stalked trichomes, the stalks 0.1-0.2 mm long, the rays 8-15(-30), 0.05-0.2 mm long, the midpoints ca. same length as the rays, with minute simple hairs; bark of older stems glabrescent, almost white to pale red-brown.
Sympodial units difoliate, not geminate.
Leaves simple, the blades (2.5-)4-10(-16) cm long, (1-)2-5(-8) cm wide, 1.5-3 times longer than wide, ovate, membranous, drying concolorous, yellow-green to green-brown; adaxial surface glabrescent; abaxial surface glabrescent to moderately stellate-pubescent, with porrect to multangulate, sessile or stalked trichomes, the stalks 0.1-0.2 mm long, the rays 6-10(-20), 0.1-0.3 mm long, the midpoints ca. same length as the rays, with minute simple hairs; the primary veins 5-6(-8) pairs, the tertiary venation visible on both surfaces; base rounded to obtuse; margins entire; apex long-acute to acuminate; petiole 0.5-3(-5) cm long, 1/3-1/2 of the leaf blade length, glabrescent to moderately stellate-pubescent.
Inflorescences apparently terminal or lateral, 2-6 cm long, often branched, resembling an umbel, with 10-30 flowers, 3-8 flowers open at any one time, glabrescent to moderately stellate-pubescent; peduncle 3-15 mm long; pedicels (0.8-)1-2.3 cm long, erect, articulated at the base, glabrescent; pedicel scars spaced 1-3 mm apart.
Flowers 4-5-merous, apparently all perfect. Calyx 3-8 mm long, glabrescent, unarmed, the lobes 2-4(-5) mm long, narrow-deltate, apically long-acuminate. Corolla 1.3-2 cm in diameter, white to mauve, stellate, lobed for ca. 1/2 of the way to the base, the lobes 4-7 mm long, 2.5-3.5 mm wide, deltate, spreading, sparsely stellate-pubescent abaxially, the trichomes porrect to multangulate, sessile, the rays 3-10, 0.1-0.2 mm long, the midpoints ca. same length as the rays. Stamens equal, with the filament tube 1.4-1.7 mm long, the free portion of the filaments 0.7-0.8 mm long; anthers 3.5-4.5 mm long, connivent, tapering, poricidal at the tips. Ovary glabrous with minute glandular hairs at the apical 1/4-1/2; style 0.5-0.8 cm long, filiform, straight or almost straight, glabrous with simple trichomes near the base.
Fruit a spherical berry, 5-20(-30) per infructescence, 0.6-0.8(-1) cm in diameter, the pericarp smooth, evenly green when young, orange-red to bright red at maturity, glabrous; fruiting pedicels 1.3-2.5 cm long, 0.3-0.5 mm in diameter at base, herbaceous, pendulous; fruiting calyx lobes elongating to 4.5-9 mm long, ca. 1/2-equal to the length of the mature fruit.
Seeds ca. 8-20 per berry, 2.5-3.8 mm long, 2-2.8 mm wide, flattened-reniform, dull yellow to orange-brown.

  • Provided by: [B]
    • Distribution

      Northeastern Africa and across the Middle East to India; fairly common around the Red Sea; growing in roadside thickets, rocky slopes, and disturbed areas, on sand or clay, usually in the shade; 1500-2800 m elevation.

    • Provided by: [B]
      • Uses

        Local Names. Somalia: Karireh (Hemming 35), Kararete (Hemming 1911).

      • Provided by: [B]
        •   Bibliography

          • 1 H. ex A.Rich., “Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 98. 1850.”, 1850.

           Information From

          PBI Solanum Project. 2017. Solanaceae Source. Jan.31st, 2015.
          • A All Rights Reserved
          • B
          • C CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
          World Flora Online consortium

          World Flora Online Data. 2018.
          • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).