Solanum lanceifolium Jacq.
  • "Jacq., Collectanea [Jacquin] 2: 286. 1789., 1789."
  • arafia gato


This taxon is accepted by SolanaceaeSource.org

General Information

Fruit a shiny, red or orange, globose, juicy berry, 8-15 mm across; seeds yellowish, flattened, 2.5 mm across.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Vine, 1-100 m long, sometimes shrub-like; stems glabrate to stellate-tomentose, often with stout bristles, armed with short, recurved spines. Leaves 3-25 cm long and 2-10 cm broad, lanceolate to elliptic, entire or usually with sinuate- dentate margins, glabrate to tomentose or hispid with mostly sessile stellae, armed on the midrib or minor veins; petioles mostly armed, less than 1/3 the length of the leaf. Inflorescence lateral, few-to several-flowered; peduncle short, mostly un- branched, 5-15 mm long, filiform, becoming longer and stouter in fruit. Flowers mostly small; calyx 1-2 mm long with the lobes ca. 1 mm long, splitting at the sutures and enlarging in fruit, often armed with straight spines; corolla (Panama) mauve to purple outside, white inside, divided almost to the base, pubescent outside, the lobes often recurving 7-12 mm long; anthers slender and tapering to the tips, converging to form a tube or free, about as long as the corolla lobes.

  • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
    • Source: [
    • 1
    • ]. 

    Vine, 1-4 m. Stems moderately armed with recurved, tan roselike prickles, these 1-2 mm long, the base 1-2 x 0.5-1 mm, densely pubescent with white to tan , porrect-stellate hairs, the stalks nearly absent to 1 mm, multiseriate, the rays 5-8, 0.5-1 mm, unicellular to multicellular, the midpoints nearly absent to 0.5 mm.
    Sympodial units difoliate, the leaves geminate, those of a pair slightly unequal.
    Leaves simple, the blades 3-7 x 1-3 cm, ovate, chartaceous, slightly discolorous, dark green adaxially, light green abaxially, both leaf surfaces moderately to densely pubescent with hairs like those of the stem but with the midpoints 0.5-1 mm; major veins 3-6 on either side of the midvein, the secondary veins obscure, the midrib abaxially with a few to many recurved pirckles like those of the stem; base acute, often asymmetrical; margin unlobed; apex acute; petioles 0.5-2 cm, with recurved prickles like those of the stem.
    Inflorescences 2-3 cm, extra-axillary, unbranched, with 5-15 flowers, apparently all perfect, the axes moderately to densely pubescent with hairs like those of the stem, unarmed; peduncle 0.5-1.5 cm; rachis 1.5-2.5 cm; pedicels 5-10 mm in flower, 10-30 mm in fruit, filiform, expanded distally, spaced 1-3 mm apart.
    Flowers apparently all perfect, 5-merous. Calyx 2-4 mm long, the tube 1-2 mm, the lobes 1.5 x 0.5-1 mm, the lobes often reflexed, narrowly triangular, moderately to densely pubescent with hairs like those of the stem, unarmed fruiting calyx 3-5 mm, not accrescent in fruit. Corolla 1-2 cm in diameter, chartaceous, white, stellate, lobed nearly to the base, the lobes 5-10 x1-3 mm, lanceolate, moderately pubescent abaxially with hairs like those of the stem, nearly glabrous adaxially. Stamens 6-7 mm; filaments 1-2 mm long, glabrous; anthers 5-6 x 1-2 mm, attenuate, tapering connivent in bud, connivent to spreading in flower, yellow, the base cordate, the apex obtuse, the pores apical, directed slightly introrsely. Ovary glabrous; style 6-9 x 0.5-0.75 mm, exserted beyond stamens, cylindrical, white, glabrous; stigma 0.5-1 mm wide, green.
    Fruit a thin to leathery skinned berry, 8-14 mm in diameter, globose, green when immature, orange to dark red when mature, glabrous.
    Seeds 15-25 per fruit, 2-2.5 x 1.5-2 mm, reniform, brown, flattened, the surface netlike with many pits created by small raised ridges.

  • Provided by: [F].SolanaceaeSource.org
    • Solanum lanceifolium Jacq., Collectanea 2: 286. 1789; S. scabrum Vahl; S. sarmentosum Lam.; S. pavonii Dunal; S. hoffmannii Bitter ex Standl. & C.V. Morton; S. enoplocalyx var. mexicanum Dunal.

      Trepadoras leñosas, frecuentemente trepando alto, armadas; tallos suavemente tomentosos con tricomas estrellados multiangulados, pediculados, armados con numerosos acúleos recurvados de 1–2 mm de largo. Hojas en pares subiguales, ampliamente ovadas, 4–8 cm de largo, ápice agudo o acuminado, base obtusa o redondeada, enteras, a veces afelpadas, haz con dispersos tricomas porrectos subsésiles, envés suavemente tomentoso con tricomas multiangulados pediculados, los nervios principales a veces armados; pecíolos hasta 3 cm de largo, tomentosos, mayormente armados. Inflorescencias racimos amontonados con 4–12 flores, volviéndose laterales, tomentosos con tricomas estrellados sésiles y cortamente pedicelados, inermes (o menuda e inconspicuamente armados), pedúnculo hasta 1 cm de largo, a veces bifurcado, pedicelos hasta 10 mm de largo; cáliz ca 3 mm de largo, lobado hasta cerca de la 1/2 de su longitud, lobos angostos, los senos redondeados y tomentosos con tricomas multiangulados; corola ca 15 mm de diámetro, blanca o azulada por fuera, profundamente lobada, lobos angostos, por fuera pubescentes, más así distalmente; anteras ca 5 mm de largo. Baya globosa, 0.8–1 cm de diámetro, glabra, anaranjada, lustrosa cuando madura, pedicelos fructíferos algo acrescentes, permaneciendo delgados pero expandidos distalmente, erectos; semillas aplanadas, ca 3 mm de diámetro.

      Común, bosques, en todo el país; 500–1300 m; fl y fr todo el año; Moreno 1282, 8494; México al norte de Sudamérica, también en las Antillas. Esta especie es bastante similar a S. volubile, pero difiere en los acúleos más densos y las hojas subenteras; se encuentra en ambientes más alterados que S. adhaerens.

    • Provided by: [D].Flora de Nicaragua
      • Source: [
      • 2
      • ]. 

      Habit

      Vine

    • Provided by: [C].Flora de Panama
      • Source: [
      • 1
      • ]. 

      Distribution

      Solanum lanceifolium is common in disturbed areas and forest gaps from central Mexico through Central America and the Caribbean into northwestern South America at 100 -1600 (2900) m.

    • Provided by: [F].SolanaceaeSource.org
      • Other Local Names

        NameLanguageCountry
        arafia gato

         Information From

        MBG Floras Images
        http://www.tropicos.org/ImageSearch.aspx
        Flora images. Missouri Botanical Garden. Accessed on Jun. 2018.
        • A Missouri Botanical Garden
        • B Missouri Botanical Garden
        Flora de Panama
        http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PAC
        Robert E. Woodson, Jr. and Robert W. Schery Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 67, No. 4 (1980), pp. ii-xxxiii
        • C Missouri Botanical Garden
        Flora de Nicaragua
        http://www.tropicos.org/projectwebportal.aspx?projectid=7&pagename=Home&langid=66
        WD Stevens, CU Ulloa, A Pool and OM Montiel. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, 2001
        • D Missouri Botanical Garden
        SolanaceaeSource.org
        http://solanaceaesource.org/
        PBI Solanum Project. 2017. Solanaceae Source. Jan.31st, 2015. http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.
        • E All Rights Reserved
        • F
        • G CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
        World Flora Online consortium
        http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
        World Flora Online Data. 2018.
        • H CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).