Drypetes arguta (Müll.Arg.) Hutch.
  • Fl. Cap.


Cite taxon page as 'WFO (2020): Drypetes arguta (Müll.Arg.) Hutch. Published on the Internet;http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000946391. Accessed on: 01 Dec 2020'

Morphology

Young shoots and petioles pubescent.

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    Twigs greyish brown.

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    Petioles 2–4 mm. long; leaf-blade oblong-lanceolate or ovate-lanceolate, 4–10 cm. long, 2–4 cm. wide, acutely or subacutely acuminate, obliquely shallowly cordate, sharply serrate, the teeth gland-tipped, coriaceous, somewhat shiny above, lateral nerves 8–11 pairs, 3–4 of these somewhat crowded at the base, looped within the margin, tertiary nerves reticulate, more prominent beneath than above, pubescent on the midrib above and beneath at first, otherwise quite glabrous.

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    Buds perulate; perulae broadly ovate, up to 5 mm. long, subscarious, closely longitudinally striate-nerved, ciliolate.

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    Bark smooth, grey.

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    A shrub or small slender tree up to 6 m.

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    Stipules lanceolate, 5–8 mm. long, fimbriate towards the base, striate-nerved, fairly readily caducous.

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    Flowers axillary, solitary.

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    Male flowers: pedicels 3–5(–10) mm. long, pubescent; sepals broadly ovate to suborbicular, 3–4 mm. long, 4–5 mm. wide, smooth, glabrous or minutely puberulous without and within, ciliate, green; stamens 15, in 2 whorls, 3–4 mm. long, anthers 1.5 mm. long; disc with a strongly crisped-convolute ciliate margin, the lobes enveloping the filaments, surface smooth and with 1–2 minute central conical projections.

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    Seeds ovoid, 1.1–1.2 cm. long, brownish.

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    Fig. 13.

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    Female flowers: pedicels 3–5(–10) mm. long, pubescent; sepals resembling those of the ♂ flowers, but slightly larger and somewhat accrescent and closely longitudinally striate- nerved; disc thick, fleshy, tomentose; ovary 2-locular, subglobose, 4 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, densely fulvous-hirsute; styles 2, 1.5 mm. long, persistent; stigmas broadly rhombic to reniform, recurved, papillose.

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    Fruit subglobose, imperceptibly bilobed, 1.5 cm. long, 1.5 cm. wide, smooth, sparingly hirsute, bright orange when ripe.

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    Female flowers: pedicels 0.3–1.2 cm long, sparingly pubescent; calyx lobes 4–5, reflexed then inflexed, 4 × 3 mm, accrescent to up to 7 × 5.5 mm in fruit, suborbicular-ovate, closely longitudinally striate, ciliate; disk 3 mm in diameter, accrescent to 5 mm in fruit, annular, thick, tomentose; ovary 4 × 4 mm, 2-locular, 2-lobed to subglobose, densely fulvous-tomentose; styles 2, united at the base, divaricate, 2 mm long, tubular, tomentose, persistent; stigmas 2.5 mm broad, broadly rhombic to reniform, glabrous, papillose.

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    Fruit 1.5–1.7(2) × 1.7–2(2.5) × 0.7–1 cm, 2-lobed to subglobose, slightly laterally compressed, evenly pubescent and sparingly hirsute, bright orange-red to yellow-orange when mature; endocarp firmly corky.

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    Seeds 1–2 per fruit, 10 × 9 × 8 mm, ellipsoid-subglobose, brownish.

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    Male flowers: pedicels 3–5 mm long, pubescent; sepals 4, 3 × 2.5–3 mm, suborbicular, pubescent and puberulous without and within, greenish; stamens 15, in 2 whorls, 2.5 mm long, anthers 1 mm long; disk 2.5 mm in diameter, margin strongly crisped-convolute, the lobes enveloping the filaments, pubescent, smooth, with 1–2 minute central conical projections.

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    Bark more or less smooth or finely longitudinally fissured, grey; twigs greyish or yellowish-grey.

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    A shrub or small tree up to 8 m high.

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    Buds perulate (furnished with protective scales); perulae up to 5 mm long, broadly ovate, subscarious, closely longitudinally striate, ciliolate, persistent.

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    Young shoots and petioles evenly to sparingly yellowish-pubescent or puberulous at first, later glabrescent.

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    Petioles 2–4 mm long.

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    Stipules up to 7 mm long, linear-lanceolate, faintly striate, sparingly fimbriate, glabrous, soon falling.

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    Flowers axillary, solitary.

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    Leaf blades 3–11 × 1–4 cm, obliquely lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, rounded to cordate at the base, spinulose-serrate on the margins, the teeth tipped with subulate glands, thinly coriaceous, quite glabrous when mature, bright green and somewhat shiny above, dull green below, usually drying pale green; lateral nerves in 7–13 pairs, 3–4 of which are crowded at the base, usually somewhat irregularly looped well within the margin, tertiary nerves reticulate, not prominent above, fairly prominent beneath.

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     Information From

    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FZ
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • A
    Plants Of the World Online Portal - FTEA
    https://www.kew.org/science/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/strategic-outputs-2020/plants-of-the-world-online
    http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/terms-and-conditions
    • B
    Global Tree Search
    https://tools.bgci.org/global_tree_search.php
    BGCI. 2018. GlobalTreeSearch online database. Botanic Gardens Conservation International. Richmond, U.K. Available at www.bgci.org. Accessed on 30/11/2018.
    • C Botanic Gardens Conservation International
    Putranjivaceae
    • D CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).
    World Flora Online consortium
    http://www.worldfloraonline.org/organisation/WFO
    World Flora Online Data. 2018.
    • E CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0).